On Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Considered as One of the First Authors of the Revolution

On Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Considered as One of the First Authors of the Revolution

by James Swenson

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Overview

On Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Considered as One of the First Authors of the Revolution by James Swenson


In order to grasp what it means to call Rousseau an “author” of the Revolution, as so many revolutionaries did, it is necessary to take full measure of the difficulties of literary interpretation to which Rousseau’s work gives rise, particularly around such a charged term as “author.”
On Jean-Jacques Rousseau shows that Rousseau’s texts consistently generate a division in their own reading, a division both designated and masked by the fiction of authorship. These divisions can occur successively—as in the narrative reversals and discontinuities characteristic of Rousseau’s fictional and autobiographical works—or simultaneously, in the form of incompatible attempts to apply the lessons of a single text to an urgent historical moment. Given the structure of these texts, their “influence” can only occur in an equally paradoxical form. Rousseau’s contribution to revolutionary thinking lies in his conceptualization of the constitutive function of misunderstanding and narrative discontinuity, in history and political action as well as in literature.
Such misunderstandings and discontinuities are particularly well illustrated by the vicissitudes of the reading of Rousseau’s texts during the revolutionary period, a moment when “readings” occurred as political programs. The Revolution enacted Rousseau precisely to the extent that revolutionaries could not agree on what action he called for. He is “one of the first authors of the Revolution” not because he was one of its causes, but because he provided the terms in which the logic of the revolutionary process becomes intelligible.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780804738644
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Publication date: 03/01/2000
Series: Atopia: Philosophy, Political Theory, Aesthetics Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.76(d)

About the Author

James Swenson is Assistant Professor of French at Rutgers University.

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