The author has completed this hike over 30 times and is a recognized expert source of information about the hike. This is not a topographic map intensive guide; rather it tells historical vignettes to interpret the hike so readers identify with events of the mid 1800's. He relates the story of the interaction of the Miwok and Mono Paiute Indians with the hordes of white invaders during California's Gold Rush. The reader is aware of how Yosemite developed after the white man's "discovery." The explanation of how odd geologic formations arose from ancient magma flows provides the reader with an understanding of what happened to the "missing part" of Half Dome.
The full day hike up to the top of Half Dome is one of the most popular in the country. It is not easy. The book prepares the reader for the adventure with an extensive discussion of the equipment required, the training needed and a detailed "walk through" of the entire trail. Photographs and descriptions of salient features take the apprehension out of doing the hike. Sections with descriptions of 16-Points of Interest - waterfalls, historical areas, flora and fauna, drinking water sources and the actual cables provide readers with the "real deal" information to safely prepare for and complete this "bucket list" Adventure. Readers are given specific information on the gear needed. This includes a boots/foot care, use of hiking poles and a summary of water filter usage clothing selection and food suggestions.
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POI 2: Vernal Fall Bridge
- Elapsed time: 30 minutes
- Altitude: 4,409 feet
- Cumulative Distance: 1 mile
- GPS Coordinates: N 37 43.565 W 119 33.094
As you walk up the paved path you will get some good ups and downs to warm up. To your left you will a see large rockfall that at one time was the site of a trail to Sierra Point. It has long been closed and is not recommended for use. Rattlesnakes abound here, and it is pretty rough scrambling. Sierra Point was the one spot where you could see four waterfalls from a single vantage point: Vernal Fall, Nevada Fall, Yosemite Falls, and Illilouette Fall. Grizzly Peak lies just above you and to the left. You can easily see and hear the roaring Merced River to your right. As you continue, the view to the right will open up and you may catch a glimpse of Illilouette Fall streaming down in the distance. All the falls at Yosemite are fed by snowmelt and are virtually gone by late August, depending on the previous year’s snowpack.
Once you arrive at the wooden footbridge, you can look up and to the left to see the waterfall framed by trees. An emergency telephone is nearby. A sink and water fountain provide the final opportunity to fill your bottles with potable water. For the rest of the hike, you’ll need to treat the water.
Also, the restroom building at the right, opened in the 1930s, will provide your last chance to use a flushing, porcelain toilet. There are no trash cans, so please pack your waste.
A couple hundred yards up the Mist Trail, you will arrive at a control gate. It is closed during the winter, when the steps ahead might be covered with ice. A junction here allows you to continue on the Mist Trail or go right onto the JMT. Regardless of which way you proceed at the control gate, look to your hard right, and just a few yards up the JMT you will see a large granite rock to the left of the trail. It is called Register Rock. In the early days before the government organized things, people built trails in the rough terrain and charged tolls to use them. For a period in the 1860s hikers signed or “registered” on the rock and paid a toll to use the trail to get to Glacier Point and Nevada Fall. The alternative was the Mist Trail, described below, but that involved navigating a scary series of ladders next to the fall.
On a recent trip, I looked closely high on the rock and believe the following inscription could have been done more than 125 years ago: gertrude smith 1881 f.k.c. It is too high to be modern graffiti, and it would have been very hard for a tagger to suspend himself by a rope and write it. I think Ms. Smith could have stood on the shack that once stood by the rock to write the inscription. Most of the historic signatures were lost when park superintendent Colonel Harry Benson ordered them removed in 1907.
I suggest you take the Mist Trail up during your morning hike. It will converge with the JMT at the Nevada Fall area. You will get wet from the spray on the Mist Trail in May and June, but it will be shorter than taking the JMT. The Mist Trail route to Nevada Fall is 2.6 miles versus 3.7 miles via the JMT. If you want to stay dry, the JMT is the way to go, but you will miss some interesting sights. Later in the day, we will return to Happy Isles on the longer JMT to save our knees from the downhill pounding.
Be forewarned: The lower Mist Trail will serve up nearly 700 steps, which will test how hard you trained. Your party will spread out into fast, average, and slow packs. Hiking poles will help you with the haul up.
Stop for 10 minutes every hour to rest and drink. When ascending the many steps, when you step up, lock your back leg briefly and put all your weight on it. As you step up, use momentum to swing the leg forward. Try to get a rhythm going as you walk. Counting cadence helps pass the time. “Left, left, left–right–left.” Singing softly helps your breathing. Use your diaphragm to pump your air. If your knees ping, try going a little pigeon-toed. This moves the stress point and might help. Breathe through your mouth. You’ll suck in more air. Exhale as though you are blowing out a birthday candle. This will allow you to breathe in more on your next inhale.
The Mist Trail in early summer can be a deluge, with the waterfall throwing off a shower onto the trail. It is very exciting and highly recommended. Watch for rainbows as the mist hits the sun. In May and June the spray will begin about halfway to the top. At that point, I put on my poncho (a cheap surplus store one) and gaiters made from produce bags. Simply go to your local supermarket and get the free plastic bags normally used for produce. Bring them with you on your hike, along with two rubber bands. Before you reach the spray, wrap the bags around the tops of your boots and secure them with the rubber bands. This will keep the water out of your boots. Another handy idea is to bring binder clips to secure your poncho to your hat brim and your pants. Without these, the wind will blow the poncho all around, and you may get soaked. If you wear your raingear, you’ll be dry enough.
Once you are through the spray, you can give your used raingear to others coming down the trail so you don’t have to carry it the rest of the day. Do not discard it on the trail. If you get no takers for your raingear, stuff it back into your pack. You might need it again if you encounter an afternoon rainstorm.
Halfway up, an overhanging rock arch provides a brief shelter. Your trekking poles will steady your climb. As you head up the nearly 700 steps, pay homage to Stephen Cunningham, who constructed this difficult trail up to the cliff.
Near the top you will be out of the spray and can continue up the remaining steps. Off to your right you will see the Fern Grotto. This overhang is a quiet place to relax if you can negotiate the short climb up and have plenty of time. The huge gap was carved by dynamite, and visitors used wooden ladders to access it from 1858 to 1897, when stone steps were installed in place of the ladders. The original ladders, built by Cunningham, were in two sections: the first began beneath the overhang in Fern Grotto and led to a ledge midway up. From there, visitors took a short dogleg left to the second ladder, which led to the cliff top just south of Vernal Fall’s summit. This two-part system was replaced in 1871, when Albert Snow erected a wooden stairway (with safety railings) to the top of the overhang. As you approach the very top, you’ll ascend several steps carved into the rock. The handrails on the trail that exist through the exposed areas of the mist section of Vernal Fall were installed in 1929. They run alongside the river below the waterfall, along the cliff face, and at the apron atop the fall.
Table of ContentsFOREWORD
2 GEOLOGY OF YOSEMITE AND HALF DOME
3 HUMANS IN YOSEMITE
4 THE ASCENT OF HALF DOME
6 GETTING THERE
8 THE HIKE
- POI 1: Mileage Marker Sign
- POI 2: Vernal Fall Bridge
- POI 3: Top of Vernal Fall
- POI 4: Silver Apron Bridge
- POI 5: Mist Trail–JMT Junction
- POI 6: Little Yosemite Valley
- POI 7: Half Dome–JMT Split
- POI 8: The Little Spring
- POI 9: Base of Sub Dome
- POI 10: Base of the Cables
- POI 11: Apex of Half Dome
- POI 12: The Little Springagain
- POI 13: Little Yosemite Valleyagain
- POI 14: Mist Trail–JMT Junctionagain
- POI 15: Nevada Fall Bridge
- POI 16: Clark Point
- POI 17: Vernal Fall Bridgeagain
- POI 18: Mileage Marker Signagain
APPENDIX 1: Key Dates in Yosemite and Half Dome History
APPENDIX 2: Preventive Search and Rescue Tips
APPENDIX 3: Half Dome Hiking Accidents
APPENDIX 4: References and Information Sources
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