by Leon W. Browder (Editor)

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1985)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781461568162
Publisher: Springer US
Publication date: 11/25/2012
Series: Developmental Biology , #1
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1985
Pages: 644
Product dimensions: 7.01(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.05(d)

Table of Contents

I. Physiological and Morphological Aspects.- 1 • Local Control Mechanisms During Oogenesis and Folliculogenesis.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Choice of Animals.- 3. Folliculogenesis.- 4. Follicle (Granulosa) Cells and Oogenesis.- 5. Role of Steroids and Hormone Interactions in Follicular and Oocyte Differentiation.- 6. Intercellular Transfer of Hormonal Signals of Differentiation.- 7. Spontaneous Cellular Differentiation: The Dilemma of Regulation.- 8. Germinal Vesicle Breakdown and Meiotic Progression.- 9. Coordination of Ovulation and Oocyte Maturation.- 10. Postovarian Oocyte Maturation and Fertilization Mechanisms.- 11. Oocyte Maturation and the Block to Polypermy.- 12. Cytoplasmic Control of Sperm Nuclear Differentiation.- 13. Oocyte Maturation and Cytoplasmic Clocks.- 14. Concluding Remarks.- References.- 2 • Vitellogenesis in Insects.- 1. Strategies for Provisioning the Egg.- 2. How Insects Make Eggs.- 3. Regulation of Vitellogenin Synthesis and Secretion.- 4. Regulation of Vitellogenin Sequestration.- 5. The Role of Yolk in Development.- 6. Conclusion.- References.- 3 • Vitellogenesis and Oocyte Growth in Nonmammalian Vertebrates.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Vitellogenin and Vitellogenin Genes.- 3. Liver-Related Events.- 4. Blood-Related Events: Kinetics of Vitellogenin and VLDL Turnover.- 5. Ovary-Related Events.- 6. Vitellogenesis and Oocyte Growth In Vitro.- 7. Epilogue.- References.- 4 • Annulate Lamellae (Porous Cytomembranes): With Particular Emphasis on Their Possible Role in Differentiation of the Female Gamete.- 1. Introduction/Background.- 2. Distribution in Oocytes.- 3. Ooplasmic Position and Variability.- 4. Comparative Features of Nuclear Envelope/Annulate Lamellae.- 5. Origin and Morphogenesis of Annulate Lamellae and Associations with Other Organelles.- 6. Morphogenesis of Pores.- 7. Experimental Alteration.- 8. Proposed Functions.- 9. Intranuclear Annulate Lamellae.- 10. Concluding Remarks.- References.- 5 • Egg Envelopes in Vertebrates.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Teleosts.- 3. Lampreys.- 4. Chondrichthyes.- 5. Primitive Osteichthyes.- 6. Amphibians.- 7. Reptiles.- 8. Birds.- 9. Monotremes.- 10. Marsupials.- 11. Placental Mammals.- 12. Summary.- References.- 6 • Oocyte Maturation in Amphibians.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Interrelations of Calcium and Cyclic AMP.- 3. The Maturation-Promoting Factor.- 4. Summary.- References.- 7 • Oocyte-Somatic Cell Interactions During Oocyte Growth and Maturation in the Mammal.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Metabolic Cooperativity.- 3. Occurrence of Gap Junctions During Oogenesis.- 4. Role of Cell-to-Cell Communication During Oocyte Growth...- 5. Oocyte Maturation in Mammals.- 6. Hormonal Control of Cumulus Cell Function.- 7. Role of Somatic Cell-Oocyte Interactions in Ovarian Teratocarcinogenesis and Parthenogenetic Development.- References.- II. Gene Expression: Regulation and Consequences for Oogenesis and Early Development.- 8 • RNA Synthesis and Storage During Insect Oogenesis.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Organization of Ovarian Follicles.- 3. Autoradiographic Studies of Ovarian RNA Synthesis.- 4. Biochemical Analysis of Oocyte RNA.- 5. Transport of RNA and RNP from Trophic Cells to Ooplasm.- 6. Activation of Transcription of the Embryonic Genome.- 7. RNA in Insect Morphogenesis—An Alternate Model of “Determination”.- References.- 9 • Functional Organization of the Amphibian Oocyte Nucleus.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Lampbrush Chromosomes.- 3. Amplified Nucleoli.- 4. The Nuclear Envelope.- 5. The Nucleoplasm.- 6. Storage at Two Different Levels: Proteins and Maternal mRNA.- 7. Microinjection of DNA into Oocyte Nuclei.- 8. Injection of Antibodies into the Oocyte Nucleus: A Means of Interfering with Gene Expression in the Living Cell.- References.- 10 • 5 S Ribosomal Gene Transcription During Xenopus Oogenesis.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Isolation and Structural Organization of 5 S rRNA Genes of Xenopus.- 3. 5 S rRNA Synthesis During Oogenesis.- 4. Transcription of 5 S rRNA Genes.- 5. The Role of a Positive Transcription Factor (TFIIIA) in the Transcription of 5 S rRNA Genes.- 6. Concluding Remarks.- References.- 11 • Gene Expression During Oogenesis and Oocyte Development in Mammals.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Description of Oogenesis and Oocyte Development in Mammals.- 3. RNA Synthesis.- 4. Chromosomal Structure.- 5. Accumulation of Stable RNA During Oocyte Growth; RNA Content of the Full-Grown Oocyte and Ovulated Egg.- 6. Protein Synthesis.- 7. Role of Accumulated Products in Embryogenesis.- 8. Summary.- References.- 12 • Informational Content of the Echinoderm Egg.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Oogenesis in Sea Urchins.- 3. Stored Maternal Messenger RNA in Sea Urchin Eggs.- 4. Characteristics of Maternal RNA Stored in Eggs.- 5. Functional Significance of Maternal RNA Molecules Resembling Nuclear Precursors of Messenger RNA.- 6. Mass of Maternal Messenger RNA Stored in the Egg.- 7. Activation of Translation of Maternal Messenger RNA.- 8. Stability of Maternal Messenger RNA.- 9. Distribution of Maternal RNA Sequences in Eggs and Embryos.- 10. Synthesis and Accumulation of RNA During Oogenesis.- 11. Metabolism of Egg Proteins During Embryonic Development.- 12. Speculations on the Roles of Stored Maternal RNA.- 13. Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 13 • Genetic Analysis of Oogenesis and the Role of Maternal Gene Expression in Early Development.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Female Sterile Mutations.- 3. Maternal Effect Mutations.- 4. Conclusions.- References.

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