This volume and its companion volume includes the edited versions of the principal lectures and selected papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Optimization and Decision Support Systems in Civil Engineering. The Institute was held in the Department of Civil Engineering at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh from June 25th to July 6th 1989 and was attended by eighty participants from Universities and Research Institutes around the world. A number of practising civil and structural engineers also attended. The lectures and papers have been divided into two volumes to reflect the dual themes of the Institute namely Optimization and Decision Support Systems in Civil Engineering. Planning for this ASI commenced in late 1986 when Andrew Templeman and I discussed developments in the use of the systems approach in civil engineering. A little later it became clear that much of this approach could be realised through the use of knowledge-based systems and artificial intelligence techniques. Both Don Grierson and John Gero indicated at an early stage how important it would be to include knowledge-based systems within the scope of the Institute. The title of the Institute could have been: 'Civil Engineering Systems' as this would have reflected the range of systems applications to civil engineering problems considered by the Institute. These volumes therefore reflect the full range of these problems including: structural analysis and design; water resources engineering; geotechnical engineering; transportation and environmental engineering.
Table of ContentsKnowledge-Based Approaches to Engineering Design.- Expert Systems for Engineering Design.- Knowledge-Based Interfaces for Optimization Problems.- A Knowledge-Based Expert System for Optimal Structural Design.- A Knowledge-Based Model for Structural Design.- Knowledge-Based Preliminary Design of Industrial Buildings.- A Prototype Environment for Integrated Design and Construction Planning of Buildings.- Water Resource Applications of Knowledge Based Systems: Hazardous Material Management, and Stream Quality Modeling.- The Development and Application of an Expert System for Drought Management.- The Potential Use of Decision-Support Systems for Integrated River Basin Management.- INLET: Access to Water Resources Management Data Through a Natural Language Interface.- Learning from Optimal Solutions to Design Problems.- Intelligent Systems for Pre and Post Processors for Large Structural Analysis Computer Packages.- A Knowledge Based System for the Diagnosis of the Causes of Cracking in Buildings.- Recent Advances in AI Based Synthesis of Structural Systems.- Representing the Ground.- The Inductive System: A New Tool in Civil Engineering.- Preliminary Foundation Design Using EDESYN.