Disulphide bonds are important post-translational modifications of proteins that can covalently link cysteine residues far apart in the primary sequence of a protein. This can convey the needed stability to protein structures, but when incorrectly formed, these bonds interfere with folding or even cause aggregation, leading to disease. This book will begin with basic principles of disulphide bond formation. It then connects these to recent cell biological developments and ultimately the engineering of biomolecules and cells. This book will be an essential reference for advanced students and researchers in chemical biology and related fields who wish to gain the latest overview of this field.
About the Author
Matthias J. Feige studied biochemistry at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich) and TUM. In 2009, he obtained his PhD in biochemistry under the supervision of Johannes Buchner at the TUM. As a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Linda Hendershot at the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA, he expanded his research towards cell biology and since 2015 heads the laboratory for cellular protein biochemistry at the TUM. Matthias J Feige’s laboratory aims at understanding how cells control and maintain the integrity of their proteome. He is particularly interested in proteins of the secretory pathway - proteins that are ultimately secreted or localized on the cell surface and allow cells to interact with their environment. Using an interdisciplinary approach from protein biochemistry to cell biology he analyses the machinery and mechanisms that monitor cellular protein biogenesis. By focusing on proteins of immunological and biomedical relevance, he seeks a molecular understanding of fundamental biological processes that at the same time may help in developing new approaches for protein engineering and human therapy.
Table of Contents
Section 1: Principles and Analysis of Disulfide Bond Formation; Disulfide Bonds in Protein Folding and Stability; Techniques to Monitor Disulfide Bond Formation and the Reduction Potential of Cysteine-Cystine Couples In vitro and In vivo; Real-time Detection of Thiol Chemistry in Single Proteins; Analysis of Disulfide Bond Formation in Therapeutic Proteins; Section 2: Disulfide Bonds in Peptides and Proteins: Structure, Function and Evolution; Evolutionary Adaptations to Cysteine-rich Peptide Folding; In vitro Refolding of Proteins; Allosteric Disulfide Bonds; Section 3: Oxidative Folding in the Cell; Disulfide Bond Formation and Isomerization in Escherichia coli; Disulfide Bond Formation in Mitochondria; Structural Insights into Disulfide Bond Formation and Protein Quality Control in the Mammalian Endoplasmic Reticulum; Mechanisms of Oxidative Protein Folding and Thiol-dependent Quality Control: Tales of Cysteines and Cystines; Disulfide Bond Formation Downstream of the Endoplasmic Reticulum; Section 4: Oxidative Folding and Cellular/Organism Homeostasis; How Microbes Cope with Oxidative Stress; Disulfide Bond Formation in the Endoplasmic Reticulum; Redox Regulation of Hsp70 Chaperone Function in the Endoplasmic Reticulum; Thioredoxin and Cellular Redox Systems: Beyong Protein Disulfide Bond Reduction; Section 5: Engineering Covalent Linkages in Peptides and Proteins; Stabilization of Peptides and Proteins by Engineered Disulfide Bonds; Genetic Code Expansion Approaches to Introduce Artificial Covalent Bonds into Proteins in Vivo