Palestine Peace Not Apartheid

Palestine Peace Not Apartheid

by Jimmy Carter

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780743285032
Publisher: Simon & Schuster
Publication date: 09/18/2007
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 288
Sales rank: 238,791
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.30(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Jimmy Carter was the thirty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1977 to 1981. In 1982, he and his wife founded The Carter Center, a nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the lives of people around the world. Carter was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. He is the author of thirty books, including A Full Life: Reflections at Ninety; A Call to Action: Women, Religion, Violence, and Power; An Hour Before Daylight: Memoirs of a Rural Boyhood; and Our Endangered Values: America’s Moral Crisis.

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17

SUMMARY

Since the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty was signed in 1979, much blood has been shed unnecessarily and repeated efforts for a negotiated peace between Israel and her neighbors have failed. Despite its criticism from some Arab sources, this treaty stands as proof that diplomacy can bring lasting peace between ancient adversaries. Although disparities among them are often emphasized, the 1974 Israeli-Syrian withdrawal agreement, the 1978 Camp David Accords, the Reagan statement of 1982, the 1993 Oslo Agreement, the treaty between Israel and Jordan in 1994, the Arab peace proposal of 2002, the 2003 Geneva Initiative, and the International Quartet's Roadmap all contain key common elements that can be consolidated if pursued in good faith.

There are two interrelated obstacles to permanent peace in the Middle East:

  1. Some Israelis believe they have the right to confiscate and colonize Palestinian land and try to justify the sustained subjugation and persecution of increasingly hopeless and aggravated Palestinians; and
  2. Some Palestinians react by honoring suicide bombers as martyrs to be rewarded in heaven and consider the killing of Israelis as victories.

In turn, Israel responds with retribution and oppression, and militant Palestinians refuse to recognize the legitimacy of Israel and vow to destroy the nation. The cycle of distrust and violence is sustained, and efforts for peace are frustrated. Casualties have been high as the occupying forces impose ever tighter controls. From September 2000 until March 2006, 3,982 Palestinians and 1,084 Israelis were killed in the second intifada, and these numbers include many children: 708 Palestinians and 123 Israelis. As indicated earlier, there was an ever-rising toll of dead and wounded from the latest outbreak of violence in Gaza and Lebanon.

The only rational response to this continuing tragedy is to revitalize the peace process through negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians, but the United States has, in effect, abandoned this effort. It may be that one of the periodic escalations in violence will lead to strong influence being exerted from the International Quartet to implement its Roadmap for Peace. These are the key requirements:

a. The security of Israel must be guaranteed. The Arabs must acknowledge openly and specifically that Israel is a reality and has a right to exist in peace, behind secure and recognized borders, and with a firm Arab pledge to terminate any further acts of violence against the legally constituted nation of Israel.

b. The internal debate within Israel must be resolved in order to define Israel's permanent legal boundary. The unwavering official policy of the United States since Israel became a state has been that its borders must coincide with those prevailing from 1949 until 1967 (unless modified by mutually agreeable land swaps), specified in the unanimously adopted U.N. Resolution 242, which mandates Israel's withdrawal from occupied territories. This obligation was reconfirmed by Israel's leaders in agreements negotiated in 1978 at Camp David and in 1993 at Oslo, for which they received the Nobel Peace Prize, and both of these commitments were officially ratified by the Israeli government. Also, as a member of the International Quartet that includes Russia, the United Nations, and the European Union, America supports the Roadmap for Peace, which espouses exactly the same requirements. Palestinian leaders unequivocally accepted this proposal, but Israel has officially rejected its key provisions with unacceptable caveats and prerequisites.

Despite these recent developments, it is encouraging that Israel has made previous commitments to peace as confirmed by the Camp David Accords, the withdrawal of its forces from the Sinai, the more recent movement of settlers from Gaza, and its official endorsement of pertinent U.N. resolutions establishing its legal borders. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Israeli military forces occupied all of the territory indicated on Map 4, but joined the United States and other nations in supporting United Nations Resolution 242, which is still the binding law that condemns the acquisition of land by force and requires Israeli withdrawal from occupied territories.

c. The sovereignty of all Middle East nations and sanctity of international borders must be honored. There is little doubt that accommodation with Palestinians can bring full Arab recognition of Israel and its right to live in peace, with an Arab commitment to restrain further violence initiated by extremist Palestinians.

The overriding problem is that, for more than a quarter century, the actions of some Israeli leaders have been in direct conflict with the official policies of the United States, the international community, and their own negotiated agreements. Regardless of whether Palestinians had no formalized government, one headed by Yasir Arafat or Mahmoud Abbas, or one with Abbas as president and Hamas controlling the parliament and cabinet, Israel's continued control and colonization of Palestinian land have been the primary obstacles to a comprehensive peace agreement in the Holy Land. In order to perpetuate the occupation, Israeli forces have deprived their unwilling subjects of basic human rights. No objective person could personally observe existing conditions in the West Bank and dispute these statements.

Two other interrelated factors have contributed to the perpetuation of violence and regional upheaval: the condoning of illegal Israeli actions from a submissive White House and U.S. Congress during recent years, and the deference with which other international leaders permit this unofficial U.S. policy in the Middle East to prevail. There are constant and vehement political and media debates in Israel concerning its policies in the West Bank, but because of powerful political, economic, and religious forces in the United States, Israeli government decisions are rarely questioned or condemned, voices from Jerusalem dominate in our media, and most American citizens are unaware of circumstances in the occupied territories. At the same time, political leaders and news media in Europe are highly critical of Israeli policies, affecting public attitudes. Americans were surprised and angered by an opinion poll, published by the International Herald Tribune in October 2003, of 7,500 citizens in fifteen European nations, indicating that Israel was considered to be the top threat to world peace, ahead of North Korea, Iran, or Afghanistan.

The United States has used its U.N. Security Council veto more than forty times to block resolutions critical of Israel. Some of these vetoes have brought international discredit on the United States, and there is little doubt that the lack of a persistent effort to resolve the Palestinian issue is a major source of anti-American sentiment and terrorist activity throughout the Middle East and the Islamic world.

A new factor in the region is that the Palestinian election of January 2006 gave Hamas members control of the parliament and a cabinet headed by the prime minister. Israel and the United States reacted by announcing a policy of isolating and destabilizing the new government. Elected officials are denied travel permits to participate in parliamentary affairs, Gaza is effectively isolated, and every effort is made to block humanitarian funds to Palestinians, to prevent their right to employment or commercial trade, and to deny them access to Israel and the outside world.

In order to achieve its goals, Israel has decided to avoid any peace negotiations and to escape even the mild restraints of the United States by taking unilateral action, called "convergence" or "realignment," to carve out for itself the choice portions of the West Bank, leaving Palestinians destitute within a small and fragmented remnant of their own land. The holding of almost 10,000 Arab prisoners and the destructive military response to the capture of three Israeli soldiers have aroused global concern about the hair-trigger possibility of a regional war being launched.

Despite these immediate challenges, we must not assume that the future is hopeless. Down through the years I have seen despair and frustration evolve into optimism and progress and, even now, we must not abandon efforts to achieve permanent peace for Israelis and freedom and justice for Palestinians. There are some positive factors on which we may rely.

As I said in a 1979 speech to the Israeli Knesset, "The people support a settlement. Political leaders are the obstacles to peace." Over the years, public opinion surveys have consistently shown that a majority of Israelis favor withdrawing from Palestinian territory in exchange for peace ("swapping land for peace"), and recent polls show that 80 percent of Palestinians still want a two-state peace agreement with Israel, with nearly 70 percent supporting the moderate Mahmoud Abbas as their president and spokesman.

There have been some other encouraging developments over the years. Along with the awareness among most Israelis that a solution to the Palestinian question is critical if there is ever to be a comprehensive settlement, there is a growing recognition in the Arab world that Israel is an unchanging reality. Most Palestinians and other Arabs maintain that the proposal made by Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah, a proposal approved at the Arab summit in 2002 (Appendix 6), is a public acknowledgment of Israel's right to exist within its legal borders and shows willingness to work out disputes that have so far not been addressed directly. The Delphic wording of this statement was deliberate, in Arabic as well as in Hebrew and English, but the Arabs defend it by saying it is there to be explored by the Israelis and others and that, in any case, it is a more positive and clear commitment to international law than anything now coming from Israel.

Furthermore, the remaining differences and their potential resolution are clearly defined. Both Israel and the Arab countries have endorsed the crucial and unavoidable U.N. Resolutions 242 and 338, under which peace agreements have already been evolved.

Here are two voices, one Palestinian and the other Israeli, with remarkably similar assessments of what needs to be done.

Jonathan Kuttab, Palestinian human rights lawyer: "Everybody knows what it will take to achieve a permanent and lasting peace that addresses the basic interests of both sides: It's a two-state solution. It's withdrawal to 1967 borders. It's dismantlement of the settlements. It's some kind of shared status for a united Jerusalem, the capital of both parties. The West Bank and Gaza would have to be demilitarized to remove any security threats to Israel. Some kind of solution would have to be reached for the refugee problem, some qualified right of return, with compensation. Everyone knows the solution; the question is: Is there political will to implement it?"

Dr. Naomi Chazan, professor at Hebrew University and former deputy speaker of the Israeli Knesset: "I don't think any difference now remains between the majority of Israelis and Palestinians in understanding that there has to be some kind of accommodation between both people. There are two possibilities on how to do it. To acknowledge and then to implement the Palestine right to self-determination, and to make sure that the two-state solution is a just and fair solution, allowing for the creation of a viable state alongside Israel on the 1967 boundaries, and if there are any changes, they are by agreement on a swap basis. And on the Israeli side, there is the need to maintain a democratic state with a Jewish majority, which can only be achieved through the creation of a Palestinian state alongside Israel."

An important fact to remember is that President Mahmoud Abbas retains all presidential authority that was exercised by Yasir Arafat when he negotiated the Oslo Agreement, and the Hamas prime minister has stated that his government supports peace talks between Israel and Abbas. He added that Hamas would modify its rejection of Israel if there is a negotiated agreement that Palestinians can approve (as specified in the Camp David Accords). It is imperative that the general Arab community and all significant Palestinian groups make it clear that they will end the suicide bombings and other acts of terrorism when international laws and the ultimate goals of the Roadmap for Peace are accepted by Israel.

One promising development came in May 2006 when Marwan Barghouti, the most popular and influential leader of Fatah, joined forces in an Israeli prison with Abed al-Halak Natashe, a trusted spokesman for Hamas, in endorsing a two-state proposal that could unite the two Palestinian factions. Their influence is enormous. The prisoners' proposal called for a unity government with Hamas joining the PLO, the release of all political prisoners, acceptance of Israel as a neighbor within its legal borders, and an end to violent acts within Israel (but not in Palestinian territory). It endorsed the key U.N. resolutions regarding legal borders and the right of return.

With public opinion polls indicating a 77 percent rate of approval, President Abbas first proposed a referendum among Palestinians on the prisoners' proposal, and then both Hamas and Fatah accepted its provisions.

Although a clear majority of Israelis are persistently willing to accept terms that are tolerable to most of their Arab neighbors, it is clear that none of the options is attractive for all Israelis:

  • A forcible annexation of Palestine and its legal absorption into Israel, which could give large numbers of non-Jewish citizens the right to vote and live as equals under the law. This would directly violate international standards and the Camp David Accords, which are the basis for peace with Egypt. At the same time, non-Jewish citizens would make up a powerful swing vote if other Israelis were divided and would ultimately constitute an outright majority in the new Greater Israel. Israel would be further isolated and condemned by the international community, with no remaining chance to end hostilities with any appreciable part of the Arab world.
  • A system of apartheid, with two peoples occupying the same land but completely separated from each other, with Israelis totally dominant and suppressing violence by depriving Palestinians of their basic human rights. This is the policy now being followed, although many citizens of Israel deride the racist connotation of prescribing permanent second-class status for the Palestinians. As one prominent Israeli stated, "I am afraid that we are moving toward a government like that of South Africa, with a dual society of Jewish rulers and Arab subjects with few rights of citizenship. The West Bank is not worth it." An unacceptable modification of this choice, now being proposed, is the taking of substantial portions of the occupied territory, with the remaining Palestinians completely surrounded by walls, fences, and Israeli checkpoints, living as prisoners within the small portion of land left to them.
  • Withdrawal to the 1967 border as specified in U.N. Resolution 242 and as promised in the Camp David Accords and the Oslo Agreement and prescribed in the Roadmap of the International Quartet. This is the most attractive option and the only one that can ultimately be acceptable as a basis for peace. Good-faith negotiations can lead to mutually agreeable exchanges of land, perhaps permitting a significant number of Israeli settlers to remain in their present homes near Jerusalem. One version of this choice was spelled out in the Geneva Initiative.

The bottom line is this: Peace will come to Israel and the Middle East only when the Israeli government is willing to comply with international law, with the Roadmap for Peace, with official American policy, with the wishes of a majority of its own citizens — and honor its own previous commitments — by accepting its legal borders. All Arab neighbors must pledge to honor Israel's right to live in peace under these conditions. The United States is squandering international prestige and goodwill and intensifying global anti-American terrorism by unofficially condoning or abetting the Israeli confiscation and colonization of Palestinian territories.

It will be a tragedy — for the Israelis, the Palestinians, and the world — if peace is rejected and a system of oppression, apartheid, and sustained violence is permitted to prevail.

Copyright © 2006 by Jimmy Carter

Table of Contents

CONTENTS

List of Maps

Historical Chronology

1. Prospects for Peace

2. My First Visit to Israel, 1973

3. My Presidency, 1977-81

4. The Key Players

5. Other Neighbors

6. The Reagan Years, 1981-89

7. My Visits with Palestinians

8. The George H. W. Bush Years

9. The Oslo Agreement

10. The Palestinian Election, 1996

11. Bill Clinton's Peace Efforts

12. The George W. Bush Years

13. The Geneva Initiative

14. The Palestinian Election, 2005

15. The Palestinian and Israeli Elections, 2006

16. The Wall as a Prison

17. Summary

Appendix 1: U.N. Resolution 242, 1967

Appendix 2: U.N. Resolution 338, 1973

Appendix 3: Camp David Accords, 1978

Appendix 4: Framework for Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, 1978

Appendix 5: U.N. Resolution 465, 1980

Appendix 6: Arab Peace Proposal, 2002

Appendix 7: Israel's Response to the Roadmap, May 25, 2003

Acknowledgments

Index

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Palestine Peace Not Apartheid 3.9 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 142 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This is one of the first books I have read that honestly presents the problems facing the Israelis and Palestinians in a long time. President Jimmy Carter takes you through the region and has the reader look at what both sides are doing correctly and what they need to do in order to make the country work in a peaceful manner. This would be an excellent book for social studies classes in high school and a must read for anyone that is interested in Israel.
Elzarad1 More than 1 year ago
Palestine peace not apartheid President Carter has always wanted peace since he was elected as the president back in 1977. In this book President Carter wants the US and the American people to know the struggle of the people of Palestine under the Israeli government and how Palestine is being colonized by them. This book is honestly a great book that presents the problems facing the Israelis and Palestinians. President Jimmy Carter takes you through the region and has us look at what both sides are doing correctly and what they need to do in order to make the country work. This book presents two side of the situation religiously and politically, in the book he says “ there are constant and vehement political and media debates in Israel concerning its policies in the west bank, but because of powerful political, economic and religious forces in the united states, Israeli government decisions are rarely questioned or condemned..” pg.209, he thinks that Israelis are such a big important part to the US that letting the information about Palestine out would destroy us because we rely so much on them. I liked a couple things about this book I liked that it had the side about Palestine and actually identified the Palestinian problems not just the Jews and Israeli problems. People NEED to read this book because were so one sided as Americans and we ignore the fact that Palestinians are getting trashed on when there really not to blame. I had no dislikes to the story because I believe it did a great job on letting us know what actually is going on there.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book really points out what is wrong over in the Middle East. It shows the problems that stem from years of neglect from World War I, when the allies took the Middle East and take it apart for their exploits. The lack of help from western countries has made the region. Majority of the problems started with the Israel-Palestine conflict and President Carter notes that point and explains in detail. Absolutely a great book. There is indeed two sides to a story.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This book is uncomfortable and scary. Clearly, this is an extremely sensitive issue for many people and is going to generate heavy emotions. However, I can't stress how important it is for people to read this book. No matter where you come out at the end of the day, most of us probably need more exposure to the other side of a tragic conflict that we normally don't get in the mainstream media. As for the actual writing: Carter does what I've always thought he does best--be clear, concise and throughly page-turning.
Guest More than 1 year ago
President Carter took a risk by writing this book. He was aware that the title was provocative and that he might be unfairly criticized as a bigot and that his legacy might be tarnished. Other political figures such as President Clinton have been unwilling to take similar risks, and it seems clear that Carter undertook the writing of this book because he genuinely believes that U.S. political figures need to speak out against the inhumane treatment endured by the Palestinian people. After reading the book, it is obvious that the substance of President Carter's book is well researched and well written. The sections discussing the Camp David Accords and their unfortunate failure to force Israeli Prime Minister Begin to commit in writing to a freeze on settlement expansions were particularly enlightening. Jimmy Carter is a rare example of political courage in U.S. politics.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Finally a national status US politician gets the courage to say that Israel's stealing of Palestinian land is the primary reason for the continuation of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict. And, that the unqualified support of the US for Israel in its 'apartheid' policies is a major reason the US has almost no credibility as an institution of justice in the Mideast (or practically anywhere else these days).Simply, read the book and become one of the few informed Americans.
DanBot More than 1 year ago
President Jimmy Carter attempts to seek peace for one of the most misunderstood and mishandled events of the 20th century.As a U.S. citizen we need insight to the effect of our country's past and present actions to Israel.It is a gross abuse to label all palestinians as terrorist intent on destroying Israel. Our politics and the U.S. media seems to be getting in the way of our humanity. There are plenty of videos on the internet to verify how tragic the isolation of the palestinians has become.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I always had a sincere admiration for President Carter. I think he is very genuine when it comes to global peace. Although I can't comment on most of his opinions 'and Israel-Palestine conflict for that matter', 'Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid' has definitely given all of a us lots of fodder to brainstorm our thoughts on this historic conflict, which pretty much drives majority of the unrest in the middle east. It's always said that it's equally important to read the other side of the story if we are sincerely willing to achieve peace. 'Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid' has done just that and pretty much tells us the following. THERE IS NO ROOT CAUSE FOR WAR. WAR IS THE ROOT CAUSE. N.Sivakumar Author of 'America Misunderstood: What a Second Bush Victory Meant to the Rest of the World.'
Guest More than 1 year ago
Outstanding book. It is the first book of its kind, where the author exposes the lies that fill the US news media and the shameless israeli jewish lobby in this country and elsewhere in the world. I truly hope that more and more people's eyes are opened to the atrocities inflicted everyday against Palestinians and the shameless land grabbing and arrogant defiance of all international laws and treaties. I truly hope peace can fill the holy land. But peace, as President Carter truthfully says it, cannot and will not happen unless a sovereign Palestinian state is established with the pre-1967 borders with full rights to Palestinians self-determination and the right of return of all Palestinian refugees and exiled citizens. Thank you President Carter for being so courageous and for not being intimidated by the israeli jewish lobby.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Carter needs to be given great credit for releasing this book. He tries to give a voice to a side of a conflict not often expressed by our biased...that's right...biased media today that labels any criticism of Israel as anti-semitism. Here's a fact: Israel has not left the occupied territories, even though the major peace treaties and the U.N. cite this as a major hindrance to peace in the area. This is the major reason that bloodshed continues in the Middle East today. Dispute it if you want, but that fact remains. A truly eye-opening book.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I bought this book from a B&N store and read it in about three days. I also read most of the reviews listed from people who did not take the time and effort to read the book and yet are trying to discourage Americans from reading the book. The facts presented in this book are very easily authenticated by BBC or any non-US media reports. I have traveled ourside of the US and find it interesting that when you listen to the news it literally seems like you are hearing the totally opposite news. No wonder this book seems to offend people who have nothing but a staple of the Israel sided news from the American media. President Carter should be appaluded for finally writing the truth of exactly what is happening in the Palestinian territories and how it got there. This is a fascinating and a must read just to get the facts straight. To get some video facts about this also check out You Tube and search for peace propaganda. Take the time to see and listen to the one hour plus documentary and you will believe what President Carter says is the truth.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Ok...now that we got that out of the way to avoid all the Anti-Semite remarks that have come out of most of the ignorant reviews of people who admit to have never read this book. I am shocked and amazed that someone actually had the audacity to tell the TRUTH! And a former politician no less! There is one thing that fmr President Carter knows better than any other president to this date: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. I am horrified at what my motherland is doing to the children of Palestine. It literally just chunks of rubble everywhere and still the children hang on to hope. Carter presents an eloquent justifiable commentary on what is really going on over there. It is a must read! People scream Anti-Semite anytime anyone begins to utter something that they may not want to believe about reality. What is the word for people who hate Muslims for no reason except that they are Muslims? Please read this book.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Last week, after a long vacation in India, when I visited my favorite B & N book store here in New Jersey and saw this book with an apt and magnificent title, ¿Palestine: Peace, not Apartheid¿ displayed prominently on a shelf, I was quite astonished at first, and then I was quite shocked. I was shocked because I never thought anyone with the stature and credentials of President Jimmy Carter would write such a book, especially a book with such title. Nor did I think any prestigious publisher in the United States would ever publish that book. Well, I was wrong. In this book President Carter clearly states that Israelis will not live in peace until they give up occupied territories, and implement United Nations resolutions. He also states that there will be no peace in the Middle East until Israel returns to the internationally recognized, pre-war 1967 borders. Israel has built super highways connecting several illegal settlements spread across the occupied territories. Only Israelis and Jews can use this highway. If a Palestinian uses the highway, he is stopped and his vehicle is confiscated. President Carter is neither the first nor the only person to call this situation as apartheid. Several prominent Israeli reporters and news papers have also called this system as Israeli apartheid. President Carter also states that Israelis have been doing a lot more than merely practicing apartheid against the Palestinians. What the Israelis have done to the Palestinians can only be described as inhuman, and downright brutal. They have been able to do this for nearly four decades with not only financial and political support from Americans, but also with the aid of immense numbers of military vehicles, massive equipments, and weapons such as bombs supplied by Americans. My only complaint about this book is that President Jimmy Carter has not criticized the Israelis severely enough. It¿s possible that the book was toned down by the editors. But this is a beginning, and he has taken at least the first step. This book has already inspired a great deal of discussions, arguments, and debates round the country. In Africaans, apartheid simply means ¿apartness¿. The apartheid implemented by South Africa thrived for 46 years, from 1948 to 1994, and then succumbed under the financial sanctions imposed on South Africa by the United Nations. The apartheid implemented by the Israelis against the Palestinians will also succumb. It¿s only a matter of time before this happens.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This is an objective assessment of the Palestinian Israeli conflict that is seldom reported in the US media. It's an eye opener. President Carter should be commended for his continued dedication to the peace process started during his administration. There are two sides to every story. He brings to the forefront the plight of the Palestinians, which needs to be addressed in order to achieve a secure and stable Middle East.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I must admit that i was surprised from what i read in this amazing book. It is just on the contrary of all what our media has been saying about the middle east conflict over the past 50 years. This coming from a former president who was involved in the middle east policies and peace making there makes our people ask many questions regarding our foreign policies. This is a must read book that i highly recommend.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Jimmy Carter's book is a must read particularly for Americans who are unfamiliar with the truth of Israel's founding at the expense of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who were driven from their land. For centuries, Jews, Christians and Muslims lived in relative harmony. Harmony that is until the 1947 United Nations partitioning of historic Palestine which created the State of Israel which was formalized in 1948. I also recommend 'One Country' by Ali Abunimah who offers a thought-provoking solution to the current Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and that is one state shared by two peoples, the Israelis and the Palestinians, with equal rights for all.
cbradley on LibraryThing 20 days ago
One of Carter¿s most significant books. Former president Carter combines the three things that any book about turmoil in the Middle East needs; understandable history of the problem, attempts at solutions and the results of those attempts, and suggestions for the future. Carter manages to accomplish these three things while still managing to write a book that someone with no knowledge of the Israeli/Palestinian situation can understand. Carter tries to break down the wall of ignorance surrounding the problems in Israel and Palestine, educating his readers about a crisis that many do not fully understand.After reading Palestine: Peace not Apartheid I felt a great sympathy for the Palestinian people who suffer every day because of a political situation that the vast majority of Palestinians have no control over. Carter manages to keep hope on the table despite the history of violence in the region. He outlines what needs to be done and advocates for the implementation of a much talked about two-state solution. When he was president, Carter tried to achieve peace with the Camp David Accords. Even now he seems to be the leading voice for a peaceful solution to the Palestinian situation.
addict on LibraryThing 20 days ago
Following his #1 New York Times bestseller, Our Endangered Values, the former president, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, offers an assessment of what must be done to bring permanent peace to Israel with dignity and justice to Palestine.President Carter, who was able to negotiate peace between Israel and Egypt, has remained deeply involved in Middle East affairs since leaving the White House. He has stayed in touch with the major players from all sides in the conflict and has made numerous trips to the Holy Land, most recently as an observer in the Palestinian elections of 2005 and 2006.In this book President Carter shares his intimate knowledge of the history of the Middle East and his personal experiences with the principal actors, and he addresses sensitive political issues many American officials avoid. Pulling no punches, Carter prescribes steps that must be taken for the two states to share the Holy Land without a system of apartheid or the constant fear of terrorism.The general parameters of a long-term, two-state agreement are well known, the president writes. There will be no substantive and permanent peace for any peoples in this troubled region as long as Israel is violating key U.N. resolutions, official American policy, and the international "road map" for peace by occupying Arab lands and oppressing the Palestinians. Except for mutually agreeable negotiated modifications, Israel's official pre-1967 borders must be honored. As were all previous administrations since the founding of Israel, U.S. government leaders must be in the forefront of achieving this long-delayed goal of a just agreement that both sides can honor.Palestine Peace Not Apartheid is a challenging, provocative, and courageous book.
mamorico on LibraryThing 20 days ago
This book gives one of the best general histories of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict that I have read. I've studied this subject in some detail. Perhaps I feel some sort of tie to this situation because of my birth date being June 5th, 1967. This book is easily digested without being bogged down in the minutia of the back and forth grievances that each part has. I highly recommend this book to anyone in need of an explanation of these important events. This conflict is THE key in my opinion to pacifying the Middle East.
plappen on LibraryThing 20 days ago
The author has been very interested, and very involved, in helping to bring about peace between Israel and the Palestinians for many years, dating back to before he became President. This book recounts his experiences, including several recent trips to the region, and includes his assessment of what needs to be done in the future on both sides.An example of how things have gotten worse over the years is at the Allenby Bridge, the main crossing point from Israel to Jordan. In 1973, there was a flood of people going in both directions. Thousands of Arabs were freely visiting Israel. The checkpoint was more symbolic than actual. In 1983, the flood had slowed to a trickle. Israeli soldiers were everywhere. There were lines of people a hundred yards long, some of whom had been there for days. Any Palestinian produce intended to be sold in Jordan had a tiny chance of getting there before it rotted.The book also talks about Israeli confiscation of Palestinian land, the holding of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails for long periods of time under "administrative detainment," and the destruction of Palestinian homes, with little or no notice, more often than not, for no reason at all. The separation barrier (or wall) is being built around the West Bank to make it harder for Palestinian militants to launch attacks on Israel. If it was built on the Green Line, the unofficial Israel-Palestinian border (because Israel has never officially delineated its border), there would be some grumbling. Parts of it are built miles inside Palestinian territory, taking more land. The cleared land, the access roads, the trenches, etc, that go along with the wall are always on the Palestinian side, not the Israeli side.Palestinians do not escape criticism in this book. The killing of Israeli civilians by suicide bombers does nothing to advance the cause of peace; it only leads to more Israeli retaliation. The lack of a unified Palestinian "voice" is no help.Among the actions needed to advance peace are: Arab recognition of Israel's pre-1967 sovereignty, openly and publicly. All Arab violence toward Israel must end. Israel must also delineate its final border. In recent opinion polls, large majorities of people on both sides are ready and willing to accept a two-state solution. The politicians have not gotten the message.Another obstacle to a lasting peace is the lack of a real debate here in America, something more than just "Israelis good, Palestinians bad." If there is ever to be such a debate, books like this are much needed, and are very much worth reading.
Katethegreyt on LibraryThing 20 days ago
A clear timeline of the problems in the Middle East. Ironically, I read this immediately before starting to read the novel, DeNiro's Game by Rawi Hage. I would never be getting as much out of Hage's novel without the background provided in Carter's book. The appendices are very helpful.
AuntieClio on LibraryThing 20 days ago
Jimmy Carter caught an enormous amount of flack both for the title of his book and for his main thesis that Israel¿s policy against the Palestinians is what blocks the way for peace. Having spent a great deal of his life on the topic of peace between Israel and Egypt and the Palestinians, Carter uses this book to explain the history and the many failed attempts at peace treaties. In plain-spoken, straightforward language, this is one of the clearest explanations of what¿s going on between Israel and Palestine I¿ve found. It lays a good foundation for deeper exploration on the topic, should someone want to study it further.
bettyjo on LibraryThing 20 days ago
The last two paragraphs of this book are the key. Jimmy Carter says what he feels and is willing to help those in power walk the walk for world peace.
MontzieW More than 1 year ago
Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid by Jimmy Carter is a book I bought new ten years ago. Yes, it is that old. The middle east has more issues now but this book is about the Arab/Israeli situation then. The book starts out giving a history of the region going back thousands of years and how the region has changed leadership. President Carter then speaks personally about his trips to the middle east and what he sees, how he feels, what is said, who he talks with, etc. He is open and honest and shows the reader what he is up against politically and socially. It is a good lesson on both. Throughout the book, his love for peace and prosperity for both sides comes through. Not for one side over the other. I am not sure how the negative reviews found these things, I looked. I found none of this. Jimmy Carter presented himself as a President as someone that the USA could be proud of and he continues to do so. He is sweet and tenderhearted, working for the underdog, for peace, prosperity world wide, and has since he has left office. He didn't have to, he could just be sitting around and golfing but he is driven to do good for mankind and this book's pages express this. He is not the best writer but what he does write tells this. He let's his feels show honestly. He is a man that continues to this day, even with cancer, working for others. That is why I chose to read this book on his birthday, after all these years, because he may not be here much longer, and I wanted my review up to show that I did read it and I agree. Peace, not apartheid. Thank you Mr President for being a role model for all.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anyone who cannot tell the differance between Hamas and the Jewish state is morally blind