Social movements and civic organizations often face profound strategy dilemmas that can hamper their effectiveness and prevent them from contributing to transformative change and peace. In Zimbabwe two particular dilemmas have fed into and fueled destructive processes of political polarization-dividing society, leadership, and decision-makers well beyond its borders. As conceptualized in this study, the first is whether to prioritize political or economic rights in efforts to bring about nation-wide transformative change (rights or redistribution). The second is whether and how to work with government and/or donors given their political, economic, and social agendas (participation or resistance). This book investigates these issues through two social movement organizations-the National Constitutional Assembly and the Zimbabwe National War Veterans' Association-and the movements they led to achieve constitutional change and radical land redistribution. Through in-depth case study analysis and peace and conflict impact assessment spanning the years 1997-2010, lessons are drawn for activists, practitioners, policy-makers, and scholars interested in depolarizing concepts underpinning polarizing discourses, transcending strategy dilemmas, and understanding how social action can better contribute to transformative change and peace.
|Product dimensions:||6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Erin McCandless is a part-time faculty member of the Graduate Program in International Affairs at the New School for General Studies, New York. She is the founder and co-executive editor of the Journal of Peacebuilding and Development.
Table of Contents
Part I: Mapping this Study
Chapter 1. Mapping Polarization and Transformation in Zimbabwe
Chapter 2. Historical Context for Social Action in Zimbabwe
Part II: The Movements
Chapter 3. The NCA: Grievances, Structure and Identity, Driving Interests
Chapter 4. The ZNLWVA: Grievances, Structure and Identity, Driving Interests
Chapter 5. NCA and ZNLWVA: Strategy Dilemmas and Actions
Part III: Transformative Change and Peace
Chapter 6. Assessing Outcomes and Implications for Transformative Change and Peace
Chapter 7. Transforming and Preventing Polarization: Lessons from Zimbabwe