Progress in Botany / Fortschritte der Botanik: Morphology � Physiology � Genetics � Taxonomy � Geobotany / Morphologie � Physiologie � Genetik � Systematik � Geobotanik

Progress in Botany / Fortschritte der Botanik: Morphology � Physiology � Genetics � Taxonomy � Geobotany / Morphologie � Physiologie � Genetik � Systematik � Geobotanik

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1982)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642687549
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 12/22/2011
Series: Progress in Botany , #44
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1982
Pages: 452
Product dimensions: 6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

A. Morphology.- I. Cytology.- a) General and Molecular Cytology..- 1. Introduction.- 2. Components of the Endomembrane System.- a) Endoplasmic Reticulum.- b) Golgi Apparatus.- c) Coated Vesicles.- d) Plasmalemma.- 3. Experimental Effects on Endomembranes.- 4. Endomembrane Associations.- 5. Endomembrane Function.- References.- b) Cytology and Morphogenesis of the Prokaryotic Cell..- 1 Shape and Structure of Cells.- 2. Envelope.- a) Glycocalyx.- b) Cell Wall.- 3. Membranes.- 4. Specialized Cells.- a) Heterocysts.- b) Akinetes (Spores).- 5. Cell Inclusions.- a) Cyanophycin Granules.- b) Magnetosomes.- References.- c) Cytology and Morphogenesis of the Fungal Cell.- 1. Books, Monographs, etc.- 2. Membranes and Membranous Organelles.- a) Plasmalemma.- b) Spitzenkörper.- c) Pore Cap.- d) Mitochondria.- e) Peroxisomes (Microbodies).- 3. Cell Walls.- a) Chemistry.- b) Alterations.- c) Hyphal Sheats.- d) Septa.- 4. Microtubules.- a) Function and Chemistry.- b) Microtubule-Organizing Centers (MTOC’s).- References.- d) Special Cytology: Morphology and Morphogenesis of Eukaryotic Algal Cells.- 1. Organization of Vegetative Cells, Excluding Nuclei and Cell Coverings.- a) Chloroplasts.- b) Eyespots.- c) Flagella and Flagellar Roots.- d) Golgi Bodies (Dictyosomes).- e) Microtubules, Microfilaments.- f) Other Cell Components, Including Microbodies, Contractile Vacuoles, Membranes, and Inclusions.- g) General Morphology.- 2. Nucleus, Nucleomorph, Nuclear Division, and Cell Division.- 3. Cell Coverings, Including Cell Walls, and Scales.- a) Cell Walls.- b) Diatom Frustules.- c) Coccoliths and Scales.- d) Thecae and Pellicles.- e) Loricae (Envelopes).- 4. Reproductive Stages.- 5. Parasitism.- 6. Taxonomy/Phylogeny.- References.- II. Morphologie und Histologie der höheren Pflanze: Vegetative Anatomie der Spermatophyta.- 1 Allgemeines.- 2. Meristeme.- a) Sproßscheitelmeristeme.- b) Wurzelmeristeme.- c) Cambium.- d) Sonstige Meristeme.- 3. Epidermis.- 4. Tracheoiden und Skiereiden.- 5. Xylem.- a) Funktionell-ökologische Aspekte.- b) Einzelne Xylemstrukturen unter verschiedenen Aspekten.- 6. Phloem, Rinde, Bast und Borke.- 7. Sekretionsgewebe.- 8. Ergastische Körper.- 9. Der Stamm.- 10. Das Blatt.- 11 Die Wurzel.- Literatur.- B. Physiology.- I. Cell Electrophysiology and Membrane Transport.- 1. Membrane ATPases and Proton Pumping.- 2. Transport Across the Tonoplast.- 3. Transport of Amino Compounds.- 4. Proton-Driven Cotransport: Chloride Uptake in Chara 61 References.- II. Plant Water Relations..- 1. Water Relations of Cells and Tissues.- 2. Water Relations of Germination.- 3. Water Movement Through Plants.- a) Water Uptake.- b) Water Transport Through the Plant.- c) Stomatal Behavior.- d) Transpirational Water Loss.- 4. Metabolism and Water Relations.- a) Implications of Water Shortage.- b) Dependence of Growth and Productivity on Plant Water Status.- 5. Aspects of Applied Water Physiology.- 6. Habitat Water Relations and Plant Performance.- 7. Water Relations in Poikilohydric Plants.- References.- III. Mineral Nutrition: Response of Plants to Trace Elements..- 1 Boron.- 2. Cobalt.- 3. Copper.- a) Absorption.- b) Distribution.- c) Redistribution.- d) Chemical Forms and Function.- e) Response and Deficiency Diagnosis.- 4. Iron.- 5. Manganese.- a) Absorption.- b) Distribution.- c) Redistribution.- 6. Nickel.- 7. Zinc.- References.- IV. Photosynthesis. Carbon Metabolism: The Profound Effects of Illumination on the Metabolism of Photosynthetic Cells.- 1 Introduction.- 2. Prologue: Advances in Methodology.- 3. The Uptake of Inorganic Carbon by Photosynthetic Cells.- 4. The Calvin Cycle: Enzymes and Their Regulation.- a) RuBP Carboxylase.- b) The Bisphosphatases.- c) Other Enzymes of the Calvin Cycle.- 5. On the Light-Mediated Control of Enzyme Activities.- 6. Transport by the Chloroplast Envelope.- 7. Products of CO2 Fixation.- a) Starch.- b) Sucrose.- c) Amino Acids and Fatty Acids.- 8. C4 Metabolism.- a) C4 Plants.- b) CAM Plants.- c) Aquatic Plants.- d) Stomata.- 9. Photorespiration.- a) Wir wissen, was passiert.- b) aber wissen wir, warum?.- References.- V. Carbohydrate Metabolism..- 1 Monosaccharides.- a) The L-Type of the Oxidative Pentose Pathway.- b) Fructose 2,6-Bisphosphate.- 2. Oligosaccharides.- a) Maltose.- b) Gentiobiose.- c) Sucrose.- d) The Sycrosyl Oligosaccharides.- e) Secondary Plant Oligosaccharides.- References.- VI. Metabolism of Organic N-Compounds: Ammonium Assimilation and Nitrogen Partitioning..- 1. Primary NH4+-Assimilation.- a) Pathway.- b) Glutamine Synthetase (GS).- c) Glutamate Synthase (GOGAT).- d) Glutamate Dehydrogenase (GDH).- 2. Reassimilation of Photorespiratory Released NH4+.- 3. Metabolism of N-Transport Compounds.- a) Asparagine.- b) Ureides.- 4. Translocation of N-Solutes.- 5. N-Mobilization During Leaf Senescence.- References.- VII. Secondary Plant Substances. Simple Amines, Pyrrolizidine, and Quinolizidine.- 1. Alipathic Monoamines.- 2. Di- and Polyamines.- 3. Muscarine.- 4. Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids.- 5. Quinolizidine Alkaloids.- References.- VIII. Growth.- 1. General Reviews.- 2. Auxins.- a) Reviews.- b) Methods of Determination, Occurrence.- c) Biosynthesis and Metabolism.- d) Transport.- e) Mechanism of Action.- 3. Abscisic Acid.- a) Reviews.- b) Methods of Determination.- c) Biosynthesis and Metabolism.- d) Mechanism of Action.- e) Physiological Role.- 4. Ethylene.- a) Prefatory Remarks.- b) Biosynthesis.- c) Catabolism.- d) Physiological Role.- References.- IX. Developmental Physiology.- 1. Embryo Development.- a) Introduction.- b) Initiation of Embryo Development.- c) Factors Controlling Embryoid Initiation in vitro.- d) Embryo Development in Its Natural Environment.- e) Embryo Growth and Nutrition.- f) RNA Synthesis.- g) Changes in Various Metabolic Pathways.- h) Synthesis and Deposition of Some Storage Materials.- i) Phytohormones.- j) Water Potential of the Embryo.- k) Resting Period.- 2. Remarks Upon Elongation Growth.- References.- X. Physiology of Movement.- 1. General Mechanisms.- 2. Special Problems in Stomata Movement.- 3. Special Problems in Leaf Movement.- 4. Tendril Curling.- References.- C. Genetics.- I. Replication..- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Startpoint of Replication.- 3. Initiation of Replication.- a) Transcriptional Activation and Primer Synthesis.- b) Regulation of Initiation.- 4. Complementary Strand Synthesis (Elongation) and Direction of Replication.- 5. Termination.- 6. Partitioning.- 7. Concluding Remarks.- References.- II. Recombination. Recombination Following DNA Transfer.- 1 Introduction.- 2. DNA Species for Construction of Yeast Vectors.- 3. The Yeast (S. cevevisiae) Transformation System.- 4. Other Eukaryotic Hosts for in Vitro Recombinant DNA.- 5. Future Prospects.- References.- III. Mutation: Site-Directed Mutagenesis (Reversed Genetics)..- 1 Introduction.- 2. Basic Principles.- 3. Random Fragment Mutagenesis.- 4. Site-Directed Mutagenesis.- a) Nucleolytic Digestion (Deletion Mutants).- b) Nucleotide Addition (Insertion Mutations).- c) Nucleotide Alteration (Base Substitutions).- d) Oligodeoxynucleotide Mutagenesis.- 5. Complex Mutations at Defined Sites.- 6. In Vitro-Vivo Gene Transfer.- 7. Conclusions.- References.- IV. Function of Genetic Material. Gene Structure, Gene Function, and Genetic Regulation of Metabolism in Bacteria and Fungi..- 1 Regulation of Gene Expression in Bacteria.- 2. Gene Structure in Fungi.- 3. Controlling Regions, Transcription, and Transposable Elements in Fungal Genes.- 4. Processing of mRNA from Split Genes.- 5. Translation Signals.- 6. Genetical und Physiological Advances in Glycolysis Research.- References.- V. Extranuclear Inheritance.- a) Mitochondrial Genetics.- 1 Introduction.- 2. The Human Mitochondrial Genome.- 3. The Mitochondrial Genome of the Yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae.- 4. The Mitochondrial Genome in Plants.- References.- b) DNA Plasmids in Eukaryotes with Emphasis on Mitochondria.- A. Mitochondrial Plasmids.- 1. Partial Amplification of the Mitochondrial ‘Chromosome’.- 2. Mitochondrial Plasmids Without Homology to the mt Chromosome.- 3. Mitochondrial Plasmids and ‘Episomes’ in Higher Plants.- B. Non-Mitochondrial DNA Plasmids.- References.- VI. Genetic Control of Reproduction..- 1 Introduction.- 2. Higher Plants.- a) Pollen-Stigma Interaction.- b) Overcoming Incompatibility.- c) Cytoplasmic Male Sterility.- 3. Lower Plants.- a) Transposable Yeast Mating Types.- References.- D. Taxonomy.- I. Systematics and Evolution of the Algae.- 1 General Aspects.- a) Books and General Reviews.- b) Endosymbiosis and Algal Evolution.- 2. Blue-Green Algae (Cyanobacteria).- 3. Prochlorophyceae.- 4. Rhodophyceae.- a) Life History and Morphology.- b) New Approaches in Relation to Systematics and Evolution.- c) Cyanidium.- 5. Dinophyceae.- a) Reviews and Evolutionary Aspects.- b) Cellular Organization.- c) Sexual Reproduction and Life History.- 6. Cryptophyceae.- 7. Prymnesiophyceae (Haptophytes).- 8. Eustigmatophyceae.- 9. Tribophyceae (Xanthophytes).- 10. Raphidophyceae (Chloromonads).- 11 Chrysophyceae.- 12. Diatomophyceae (Bacillariophyceae).- a) Reviews and Evolutionary Aspects.- b) Cellular Organization.- c) Taxonomy and Floristics.- 13. Fucophyceae (Phaeophyceae).- 14. Euglenophyceae.- 15. Glaucophyceae.- 16. Green Algae..- a) Ultrastructure and Phylogeny.- b) Systematics of Lower Categories.- References.- II. Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Fungi.- 1. General Considerations, Phylogeny, and Ecology.- 2. Myxomycota.- a) Acrasiomycetes.- b) Myxomycetes.- c) Plasmodiophoromycetes.- d) Labyrinthulomycetes.- 3. Oomycetes, Hyphochytridiomycetes.- a) Saprolegniales.- b) Peronosporales.- c) Hyphochytridiomycetes.- 4. Chytridiomycetes.- a) Chytridiales, Spizellomycetales.- b) Blastocladiales.- c) Monoblepharidales.- d) Harpochytridiales.- 5. Zygomycotina.- a) Zygomycetes.- b) Trichomycetes.- 6. Ascomycotina.- a) Hemiascomycetes (Endomycetes).- b) Euascomycetes.- c) Laboulbeniomycetes.- 7. Deuteromycotina (Anamorphic Ascomycetes).- a) Teleomorph-Anamorph Connections.- b) Coelomycetes.- c) Hyphomycetes.- 8. Basidiomycotina.- a) General Aspects.- b) Taxonomy of Heterobasidiomycetes.- c) Taxonomy of Homobasidiomycetes.- References.- III. Systematik der Flechten.- 1 Morphologie.- 2. Flechtenalgen.- 3. Chemie.- 4. System.- 5. Floristik.- 6. Soziologie.- 7. Arealkunde.- Literatur.- IV. Systematics of the Pteridophytes.- 1 Systematics.- 2. Bibliography, Collections, Nomenclature.- 3. Floristics.- 4. Geography and Ecology.- 5. Morphology and Anatomy.- 6. Chemotaxonomy.- 7. Cytology, Cytogenetics, Hybridization.- 8. Fern Allies.- References.- E. Geobotany.- I. The History of Flora and Vegetation During theQuaternary.- 1. The Problem of Vegetation During the Interval Between the Moskva and Dneprovsk Ice-Advances of the Dneprovsk Glaciation in Eastern Europe.- 2. The Likhvin (Holstein) Interglacial.- 3. The Mikulino (Eem) Interglacial.- 4. The End of the Tertiary and the First Part of the Pleistocene.- 5. The Last Glaciation.- 6. Various Problems.- a) Diagnosis of New Taxa and Pollenmorphology.- b) Methodology of Pollenanalysis.- c) Fossil Bioproduction and Rate of Sedimentation in the Oceans.- d) Reconstruction of Climate by Means of Isotope-Fractionation.- e) Dendroclimatology.- References.- II. Vegetation Science (Sociological Geobotany).- 1. Fundamental Perspectives and Publications, Bibliographies.- 2. General Results and Methods.- a) Successions and Related Vegetational Changes.- b) Vegetational Formations and Altitudinal Zonation.- c) Trends in Urban and Other Ruderal Vegetation.- 3. Boreal Vegetation.- a) Boreal Coniferous Forests of North America and of Eurasia.- b) Hemiboreal (Temperate-Boreal) Deciduous and Mixed Forests in Fennoscandia.- 4. Temperate Vegetation.- a) Broadleaved Forests in Central Europe and in France.- b) Seminatural Woodlands in Great Britain.- c) European Oceanic and Suboceanic Heath Vegetation.- d) Seminatural Grassland and Related Vegetation in Temperate and Adjacent Europe.- 5. Tropical Vegetation.- a) Tropical Vegetation of Humid and Semihumid Australia.- b) Tropical Forests of the Americas.- c) African Savanna.- 6. Vegetation of the Southern Hemisphere Outside of the Tropics.- a) Australian Sclerophyllous Scrub.- References.

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