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Reconstruction In Philosophy / Edition 1

Reconstruction In Philosophy / Edition 1

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by John Dewey

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ISBN-10: 0807015857

ISBN-13: 9780807015858

Pub. Date: 06/01/1971

Publisher: Beacon Press

"It was with this book that Dewey fully launched his campaign for experimental philosophy." - The New Republic


"It was with this book that Dewey fully launched his campaign for experimental philosophy." - The New Republic

Product Details

Beacon Press
Publication date:
Edition description:
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.25(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

IChanging Conceptions of Philosophy1
Origin of philosophy in desire and imagination
Influence of community traditions and authority
Simultaneous development of matter-of-fact knowledge
Incongruity and conflict of the two types
Respective values of each type
Classic philosophies (i) compensatory, (ii) dialectically formal, and (iii) concerned with "superior" Reality
Contemporary thinking accepts primacy of matter-of-fact knowledge and assigns to philosophy a social function rather than that of absolute knowledge
IISome Historical Factors in Philosophical Reconstruction16
Francis Bacon exemplifies the newer spirit
He conceived knowledge as power
As dependent upon organized cooperative research
As tested by promotion of social progress
The new thought reflected actual social changes, industrial, political, religious
The new idealism
IIIThe Scientific Factor in Reconstruction of Philosophy31
Science has revolutionized our conception of Nature
Philosophy has to be transformed because it no longer depends upon a science which accepts a closed, finite world
Or, fixed species
Or, superiority or rest to change and motion
Contrast of feudal with democratic conceptions
Elimination of final causes
Mechanical science and the possibility of control of nature
Respect for matter
New temper of imagination
Influence thus far technical rather than human and moral
IVChanged Conceptions of Experience and Reason44
Traditional conception of nature of experience
Limits of ancient civilization
Effect of classic idea on modern empiricism
Why a different conception is now possible
Psychological change emphasizes vital factor using environment
Effect upon traditional ideas of sensation and knowledge
Factor of organization
Socially, experience is now more inventive and regulative
Corresponding change in idea of Reason
Intelligence is hypothetical and inventive
Weakness of historic Rationalism
Contrast of German and British philosophies
Reconstruction of empirical liberalism
VChanged Conceptions of the Ideal and the Real59
Idealization rooted in aversion to the disagreeable
This fact has affected philosophy
True reality is ideal, and hence changeless, complete
Hence contemplative knowledge is higher than experimental
Contrast with the modern practise of knowledge
Significance of change
The actual or realistic signifies conditions effecting change
Ideals become methods rather than goals
Illustration from elimination of distance
Change in conception of philosophy
The significant problems for philosophy
Social understanding and conciliation
The practical problem of real and ideal
VIThe Significance of Logical Reconstruction76
Present confusion as to logic
Logic is regulative and normative because empirical
Illustration from mathematics
Origin of thinking in conflicts
Confrontation with fact
Response by anticipation or prediction
Importance of hypotheses
Impartial inquiry
Importance of deductive function
Organization and classification
Nature of truth
Truth is adverbial, not a thing
VIIReconstruction in Moral Conceptions92
Common factor in traditional theories
Every moral situation unique
Supremacy of the specific or individualized case
Fallacy of general ends
Worth of generalization of ends and rules is intellectual
Harmfulness of division of goods into intrinsic and instrumental
Into natural and moral
Moral worth of natural science
Importance of discovery in morals
Abolishing Phariseeism
Growth as the end
Optimism and pessimism
Conception of happiness
Criticism of utilitarianism
All life moral in so far as educative
VIIIReconstruction as Affecting Social Philosophy107
Defects of current logic of social thought
Neglect of specific situations
Defects of organic concept of society
Evils of notion of fixed self or individual
Doctrine of interests
Moral and institutional reform
Moral test of social institutions
Social pluralism
Political monism, dogma of National State
Primacy of associations
International humanism
Organization a subordinate conception
Freedom and democracy
Intellectual reconstruction when habitual will affect imagination and hence poetry and religion

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