This book, originally published in 1970, dealt with differences in the structure of large - and small - scale industrial organizations and the consequences of these differences for worker behaviour. Special attention is directed to the finding that large, bureaucratically organized industrial plants have higher rates of absenteeism than small ones, but similar rates of labour turnover. The problems are analysed with reference to a critical examination of the theoretical approaches in industrial sociology of the time, as well as the author's own empirical investigations.
Table of Contents
Part I. The Problem and Theoretical Considerations: 1. The problem; 2. Size and organizational structure; 3. Expectations from work and the role of economic factors; 4. The independence or orientation to work; 5. Summary; Part II. The Findings: 6. Some methodological considerations; 7. The structure of potential rewards; 8. Expectations, rewards and deprivations from work; 9. Involvement and absenteeism; 10. Some sources of variation in orientation to work; Part III. Conclusions: Appendices.