John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume, John Rawls, David Gauthier, and Joel Feinberg - as well as recent communitarian philosophers. The basic technical aspects of social philosophy are also introduced: game theory, social choice theory, the ideas rational action, rational bargaining, and public goods. Throughout, helpful short examples and stories are used to illustrate the material.
Table of Contents
Part 1 The Idea of Public Morality: Moral Authoritarianism and Relativism - Morality as Liberty-Liberty Demands, The Suspicion That Morality is Authoritarian, Relativism - the Easy Way Out?, Public Morality and Cooperation, Summary; Public Justification - Public Justification as Non-Authoritarianism, Actual Assent Views of Public Justification, Justification Among Purely Rational People, Public Justification and Reasonableness, Consensus and Convergence Justifications, Summary; Value-Promoting Public Moralities - Teleological Ethics, Competing Values and Public Justification, The First Reply - Wide Consensus on Basic Goods, The Second Reply - Communitarianism, Summary; Utilitarianism as a Public Morality - Can Teleological Ethics be Rescued from the Problem of Reasonable Pluralism?, Jeremy Bentham and Utilitarianism, Want Satisfaction Utilitarianism, The Problems of Interpersonal Comparisons and Aggregating Preferences, Is Value Impersonal?, Non-Teleological Utilitarianism, Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy, Summary; Strong Contractualism - Moral Contractualism, Simple Neo-Hobbesianiam, Gauthier's Reformation of Hobbesian Moral Contractualism, Is Strong Contractualism Really About Social Morality?, Summary; Weak-Contractualism - Justice as Fairness, Two Key Criticisms for Rawls' Contractual Theory, "Millian" Contractualism, Summary. Part 2 A Framework for Public Morality: Liberty - The Liberal Principle, Mill's Case for Liberty of Action, Autonomy, Summary; The Harm Principle - Harms and Interests, Psychological Harms, Is It Always a Harm to Set Back an Interest?, Risk of Harm, Harmful Acts and Omissions, Summary; Property - Property Rights and Harm, Lockean Theory and the Proviso, Meeting the Proviso - Compensation for Losses, Desert, Distributive Justice and Property, Summary; Public Harms and Common Goods - Public Bads, The Public Goods Principle, Common Goods, Summary; Two Quasi-Millian Principles - Mill's Libertarian Morality, Paternalism, Offense, Summary.