A major update of solar cell technology and the solarmarketplace
Since the first publication of this important volume over adecade ago, dramatic changes have taken place with the solar marketgrowing almost 100-fold and the U.S. moving from first to fourthplace in the world market as analyzed in this Second Edition. Threebold new opportunities are identified for any countries wanting toimprove market position. The first is combining pin solar cellswith 3X concentration to achieve economic competitiveness nearterm. The second is charging battery-powered cars with solarcellgenerated electricity from arrays in surroundingareasincluding the car owners' homeswhilesimultaneously reducing their home electricity bills by over ninetypercent. The third is formation of economic "unions" of sufficientcombined economic size to be major competitors.
In this updated edition, feed-in tariffs are identified as themost effective approach for public policy. Reasons are provided toexplain why pin solar cells outperform more traditional pn solarcells. Field test data are reported for nineteen percent pin solarcells and for ~500X concentrating systems with bare cellefficiencies approaching forty percent. Paths to bare cellefficiencies over fifty percent are described, and key missingprogram elements are identified. Since government support is neededfor new technology prototype integration and qualification testingbefore manufacturing scale up, the key economic measure isidentified in this volume as the electricity cost in cents perkilowatt-hour at the complete installed system level, rather thanjust the up-front solar cell modules' costs in dollars perwatt.
This Second Edition will benefit technologists in the fields ofsolar cells and systems; solar cell researchers; power systemsdesigners; academics studying microelectronics, semiconductors, andsolar cells; business students and investors with a technicalfocus; and government and political officials developing publicpolicy.
|Series:||Wiley Series in Microwave and Optical Engineering Series , #217|
|Product dimensions:||6.30(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.50(d)|
About the Author
Lewis M. Fraas, PhD, is the founder and President of JX CrystalsInc. He has spearheaded the development of high-power-densityphotovoltaic cells and complete concentrating photovoltaic andthermophotovoltaic systems. Dr. Fraas wrote the first paperdescribing the forty percent-efficient triple-junction concentratorsolar cell now entering high-volume production, and his group atBoeing demonstrated the first thirty-five percent-efficientdual-junction cell.
Larry D. Partain, PhD, is Director of Marketing and AdvancedTechnology, initiating and managing high-risk/high-payoff R&Dprograms for Varian Medical Systems. A prominent researcher insolar cell and related X-ray imager technology, Dr. Partainrecently led efforts to develop high-performance X-ray andflat-panel imaging medical systems, helping to create over $100million in company sales.
Table of ContentsI. Introduction to Solar Cells.
1. Solar Cells: A Brief History and Introduction (Lewis Fraasand Larry Partain).
2. Solar Cell Electricity Market History, Public Policy,Projected Future and Estimated Costs (Larry Partain and LewisFraas).
3. Solar Cells, Single Crystal Semiconductors, and HighEfficiency (Lewis Fraas).
4. Solar Cell Device Physics (Larry Partain).
II. Terrestrial Solar Cell Electricity.
5. Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Modules (LeonidRubin).
6. Thin Film Solar Cells and Modules (RobertBirkmire).
7. Terrestrial Module Fabrication & Assembly Technologies(Christopher Bunner).
8. Chinese Solar Cell Status (Wang Sicheng).
9. Tracking the Sun for More kWh and Lower Cost SolarElectricity (Ron Corio, Michael Reed and Lewis Fraas).
10. Solar Cell Systems: Definition, Performance &Reliability (Jason Strauch, Larry Moore and ElmerCollins).
11. Leveled Cost of Energy for Utility-Scale Photovoltaics(Matthew Campbell).
III. Terrestrial Concentrator Solar Cell Systems.
12. Low Concentration Crystalline Silicon Systems (LewisFraas).
13. High-Concentration, III-V Multijunction Solar Cells(Geoffrey Kinsey).
14. High Concentration Fresnel Lens Assemblies and Systems(Gerhard (Peharz and Andreas Bett).
15. High Concentration Cassengrainian Solar Cell Modules andArrays (Michael Ludowise and Lewis Fraas).
16. Concentrator Solar Cell Installations at University ofNevada Las Vegas (Suresh Sadineni and Robert Boehm).
17. Concentrator Solar Cell Field Installations (FranciscaRubio, Mar¡a Martinez and Pedro Banda).
IV. Solar Cells in Space.
18. Space Solar Cells and Applications (Sheila Bailey andRyne Raffaelle).
V. Other Aspects & Considerations.
19. Solar Resource for Space and Terrestrial Applications(Christian Gueymard and Daryl Myers).
20. Solar Energy Costs: The Solar Advisor Model (Paul Gilman,Nathan Blair and Christopher Cameron).
21. Challenges of Large-Scale Solar Cell Electricity Production(David Faiman).
VI. Thin Films & X-ray Imager Technologies.
22. Market Overview of Flat Panel Detectors for X-Ray Imaging(Carl LaCasce, Larry Partain and Chuck Blouir).
23. Amorphous Silicon Transistors and Photodiodes (RobertStreet).
24. Amorphous Silicon Digital X-ray Imaging (RichardColbeth).
25. Photoconductor Digital X-ray Imaging (GeorgeZentai).
26. Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations (Lewis Fraasand Larry Partain).