This book is devoted to the quantitative physical modeling of subduction and subduction-related processes. It presents a coherent description of the modeling method (including similarity criteria, and a novel applied experimental technique), results from model experiments, theoretical analysis of results on the basis of continuum mechanics, and their geodynamic interpretation. Subduction is modeled in general as well as applied to particular regions using both 2-D and 3-D approaches, with both slab-push and slab-pull driving forces. The modeling covers all stages from subduction initiation to 'death', different regimes of subduction producing back arc extension and compression, blocking of subduction and jumps of subduction zone, arc-continent collision and continental subduction. This work is for geologists and geophysicists interested in geodynamics of the convergent plate boundaries and in mechanics of the lithosphere.
Table of ContentsPreface. 1. Similarity Criteria. 2. Model Setting, Technique and Facilities. 3. Initiation and Development of Subduction under Horizontal Compression of the Lithosphere. 4. Relationship between Subduction Regime and Back Arc Dynamics. 5. Jumps of Subduction Zones, Subduction Reversal, and Closing of Back Arc Basins. 6. Continental Subduction. References. Notations. Index.