It seemed appropriate to arrange a meeting of teachers of thermodynamics in the United Kingdom, a meeting held in the pleasant surroundings of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in Sept~mber, 1984. This volume records the ideas put forward by authors, the discussion generated and an account of the action that discussion has initiated. Emphasis was placed on the Teaching of Thermodynamics to degree-level students in their first and second years. The meeting, a workshop for practitioners in which all were expected to take part, was remarkably well supported. This was notable in the representation of essentially every UK university and polytechnic engaged in teaching engineering thermodynamics and has led to a stimulating spread of ideas. By intention, the emphasis for attendance was put on teachers of engineering concerned with thermodynamics, both mechanical and chemical engineering disciplines. Attendance from others was encouraged but limited as follows: non-engineering acad emics, 10%, industrialists, 10%. The record of attendance, which will also provide addresses for direct correspondance, will show the broad cover achieved. I am indeed grateful for the attendance of those outside the engineering departments who in many cases brought a refreshing approach to discussions of the 'how' and 'why' of teaching thermodynamics. It was also notable that many of those speaking from the polytechnics had a more original approach to the teaching of thermodynamics than those from conventional universities. The Open University however brought their own special experience to bear.
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Table of ContentsSession One: Teaching Objectives.- Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics for the 1980s.- Why Has Thermodynamics become a “Difficult” Subject?.- Teaching Thermodynamics to First Year Engineers.- Short papers:-.- Better Thermodynamics Teaching Needs more Thermodynamics Research.- Thermodynamics A Direct Approach.- Teaching the Second Law: Experience from the Open University Technology Faculty.- Teaching Engineering Applications.- Discussion.- Session Two: Innovative Methods of Teaching.- Materials Thermodynamics for Engineers.- Thermodynamics in a Broad Based Course.- Maximizing the Teaching of Experimental Thermodynamics.- Engineering Laboratory Teaching A Case for Co-Ordination.- Developments in a First Course in Thermodynamics Using Tape/Slides.- Videodisc: A New Development in Visual Aids.- Thermodynamics for Those Who Think with their Fingers.- Short papers:-.- The Use of Small Computers for Teaching.- Resource-Based Learning in Thermodynamics.- A Laboratory Approach to Teaching Thermodynamics.- Discussion.- Session Three: Computer Oriented and Laboratory Oriented Demonstrations.- Real Gas Effect and Gas Liquefaction.- The Use of TV and Audio-Cassettes in Teaching Thermofluid Mechanics.- Computer Oriented Demonstrations.- Laboratory Oriented Demonstrations.- Session Four: Principles of Thermodynamics.- Teaching Thermodynamics to First-Year Students by the Single-Axiom Approach.- The Thermodynamics Laws from the Law of Stable Equilibrium.- Entropy and Temperature as Macroscopic Properties of Simple Thermodynamic Systems Independent of, but Measured by, Heat.- Thermodynamic Temperature Dimensional Analysis.- Constructing Temperature and Entropy Scales.- Thermodynamics, A God with Feet of Clay?.- Thermodynamics as Engineering Science.- Short papers:-.- Introducing Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics.- On the Rational Definition of an ‘Ideal Gas’.- Some Thoughts on Born-Carathedory.- Discussion.- Session Five: Applications of Thermodynamics to Design Assessment.- New Concepts in Thermodynamics for Better Chemical Process Design.- Relevance of 2nd Law Analysis in Mechanical Engineering Thermodynamic Syllabus.- Putting the Second Law to Work.- Process Feasibility and Thermodynamic Teaching.- Teaching the Exergy Method to Engineers.- Short papers:-.- Thermodynamics Applied to Energy Engineering.- Discussion.- Session Six: Syllabus Development.- Thermodynamics and Irreversibility.- Can Thermodynamics be Made more Simple?.- Thermodynamics: A New Teaching Approach.- Thermodynamic Nomenclature.- Thermodynamic Sign Convention and Nomenclature.- One World One Thermodynamics.- Short papers:-.- Teaching Thermo-Fluid Mechanics at the Open University.- Chemical Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers.- Discussion.- Closing Discussion.- Bibliographay.- Steering Committee.- Attendees.