Over the past twenty-five years, the effects of the spatial distribution and scaling of resources on animal populations have been increasingly studied in wildlife biology, landscape ecology, conservation biology, and related fields. However, spatial patterns change over time. In Temporal Dimensions of Landscape Ecology: Wildlife Responses to Variable Resources, the authors discuss the effects that temporal changes in resources have on animal populations. Resource availability and quality are not distributed homogeneously over time, depending for example on predictable changes in seasons, mating and birthing cycles, unpredictable resource pulses and weather-related phenomena, ecological disturbances, and historical legacies.
Temporal Dimensions of Landscape Ecology brings together chapters that address the idea of current as well as historical temporal influences on resource availability, quality, and distribution. The authors draw attention to the neglected temporal issues so important to understanding species and community responses. This book will be of interest to both wildlife and conservation students and practitioners working with temporal and spatial scale issues.
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About the Author
John A. Bissonette is a research scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey, and is a professor in the College of Natural Resources at Utah State University.
Ilse Storch is professor of wildlife ecology and management at the University of Freiburg, Germany.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors vii
Relevant Temporal Theory 11
Resource Acquisition and Animal Response in Dynamic Landscapes: Keeping the Books John A. Bissonette 13
Pulsed Resources and Community Responses: An Exploration of Factors Influencing Outcomes Richard S. Ostfeld Felicia Keesing 30
Invoking the Ghosts of Landscapes Past to Understand the Landscape Ecology of the Present...and the Future Kimberly A. With 43
Modeling Adaptive Behavior in Event-Driven Environments: Temporally Explicit Individual-Based Ecology Volker Grimm Richard Stillman Kurt Jax John Goss-Custard 59
Temporal Scaling in Complex Systems: Resonant Frequencies and Biotic Variability Lance Gunderson Craig R. Allen Don Wardwell 78
Statistics of Time 91
Using Statistical Models to Study Temporal Dynamics of Animal-Landscape Relations Kevin J. Gutzwiller Samuel K. Riffell 93
Multivariate Landscape Trajectory Analysis: An Example Using Simulation Modeling of American Marten Habitat Change under Four Timber Harvest Scenarios Samuel A. Cushman Kevin McGarigal 119
Temporally Focused Case Studies 141
Assessing Grouse Habitats in the Alps: The Complication of Small-Scale Spatiotemporal Variation in Rainfall Patterns Ilse Storch 143
Exploring the Temporal Effects of Seasonal Water Availability on the Snail Kite of Florida Wolf M. Mooij Julien Martin Wiley M. Kitchens Donald L. DeAngelis 155
Three Axes of Ecological Studies: Matching Process and Time in Landscape Ecology Melissa J. Reynolds-Hogland Michael S. Mitchell 174
Building and Using Habitat Models for Assessing Temporal Changes in Forest Ecosystems Alexandra B. Felix Daniel W. Linden Henry Campa III 195
Foraging Responses of the Endangered Gouldian Finch to Temporal Differences in Seed Availability in Northern Australian Savanna Grasslands Milton Lewis 218
Spending Time in the Forest: Responses of Cavity-Nesters to Temporal Changes in Forest Health in Interior British Columbia Mark C. Drever Kathy Martin 236
Niche Opportunities and Introduced Birds: Temporal Variation in Resource Abundance Catriona J. MacLeod David M. B. Parish Robert A. Robinson 252
About the Contributors 269