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The Cambridge Quintet: A Work Of Scientific Speculation
     

The Cambridge Quintet: A Work Of Scientific Speculation

by John L. Casti, J. L. Casti
 

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ISBN-10: 0738201383

ISBN-13: 9780738201382

Pub. Date: 04/28/1999

Publisher: Basic Books


In this narrative tour de force, gifted scientist and author John L. Casti contemplates an imaginary evening of intellectual inquiry—a sort of “My Dinner with” not Andre, but five of the most brilliant thinkers of the twentieth century.Imagine, if you will, one stormy summer evening in 1949, as novelist and scientist C. P. Snow, Britain's

Overview


In this narrative tour de force, gifted scientist and author John L. Casti contemplates an imaginary evening of intellectual inquiry—a sort of “My Dinner with” not Andre, but five of the most brilliant thinkers of the twentieth century.Imagine, if you will, one stormy summer evening in 1949, as novelist and scientist C. P. Snow, Britain's distinguished wartime science advisor and author of The Two Cultures, invites four singular guests to a sumptuous seven-course dinner at his alma mater, Christ's College, Cambridge, to discuss one of the emerging scientific issues of the day: Can we build a machine that could duplicate human cognitive processes? The distinguished guest list for Snow's dinner consists of physicist Erwin Schrodinger, inventor of wave mechanics; Ludwig Wittgenstein, the famous twentieth-century philosopher of language, who posited two completely contradictory theories of human thought in his lifetime; population geneticist/science popularizer J.B.S. Haldane; and Alan Turing, the mathematician/codebreaker who formulated the computing scheme that foreshadowed the logical structure of all modern computers. Capturing not only their unique personalities but also their particular stands on this fascinating issue, Casti dramatically shows what each of these great men might have argued about artificial intelligence, had they actually gathered for dinner that midsummer evening.With Snow acting as referee, a lively intellectual debate unfolds. Philosopher Wittgenstein argues that in order to become conscious, a machine would have to have life experiences similar to those of human beings—such as pain, joy, grief, or pleasure. Biologist Haldane offers the idea that mind is a separate entity from matter, so that regardless of how sophisticated the machine, only flesh can bond with that mysterious force called intelligence. Both physicist Schrodinger and, of course, computer pioneer Turing maintain that it is not the substance, but rather the organization of that substance, that makes a mind conscious.With great verve and skill, Casti recreates a unique and thrilling moment of time in the grand history of scientific ideas. Even readers who have already formed an opinion on artificial intelligence will be forced to reopen their minds on the subject upon reading this absorbing narrative. After almost four decades, the solutions to the epic scientific and philosophical problems posed over this meal in C. P. Snow's old rooms at Christ's College remains tantalizingly just out of reach, making this adventure into scientific speculation as valid today as it was in 1949.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780738201382
Publisher:
Basic Books
Publication date:
04/28/1999
Series:
Helix Bks.
Pages:
208
Sales rank:
1,010,556
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents


Author's Note ..... xi
Dramatis Personae ..... xv
Prologue: The Story Begins ..... xix
1. The Sherry: An Evening at Christ's ..... 1
2. The Soup: Brains and Machines ..... 27
3. The Fish: Minds and Machines ..... 51
4. The Mean: Meaning and Machines ..... 75
5. The Salad: Language and Thought ..... 101
6. The Dessert: Life and Personhood ..... 133
7. The Cigars and Brandy: Social Behavior, Culture and Thought ..... 151
Afterwards ..... 173
Photo Credits ..... 183

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