Pub. Date:
Princeton University Press
The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 7 (English): The Berlin Years: Writings, 1918-1921. (English translation of selected texts)

The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 7 (English): The Berlin Years: Writings, 1918-1921. (English translation of selected texts)

by Albert Einstein, Alfred Engel


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In the spring of 1919, two British solar eclipse expeditions confirmed the correctness of general relativity theory and propelled Albert Einstein to instant celebrity. Before this major turning point, the majority of Einstein's writings published in this volume dealt with the clarification of general relativistic problems, such as the status of the metric field, the character of gravitational waves, the problem of energy-momentum conservation, and questions of cosmology, such as the nature and size of the universe and the distribution of matter within it. After his rise to international fame, Einstein's publications changed markedly. He faced an increasing demand for popular articles and lectures on relativity, its development and meaning. He also felt compelled to respond to a host of commentators, ranging from skeptical physicists to philosophers trying to reconcile his revolutionary theory with their views. For the first time, he also responded in print to outspoken anti-relativists, some of them fueled by cultural conservatism and, frequently, anti-Semitism.

Einstein used his newly won fame to lend prestige to political causes, especially to the reconciliation among European nations and to Zionism. In the early years of Weimar Germany, Einstein spoke out vigorously for the young republic, emphasizing the rights of the individual. He agonized over the misery of the Central Europeans in the grip of starvation and economic collapse, praised the support of individuals and groups such as the Quakers, and championed the cause of Eastern European Jews. His rejection of assimilation, combined with a fierce defense of the right of Jews to higher education, led Einstein to campaign for the establishment of a university in Palestine, the land which he conceived of as a cultural center for all Jews.

Since this supplementary paperback includes only select portions of Volume 7, it is not recommended for purchase without the main volume.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691057187
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 07/21/2002
Series: Collected Papers of Albert Einstein , #11
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 7.50(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents


Vol. 6, Doc. 44a. "The Principal Ideas of the Theory of Relativity," after December 1916 3

"Die hauptsächlichen Gedanken der Relativitätstheorie"

Vol. 6, Doc. 45a. "On the Questionnaire Concerning the Right of National Self-Determination," July 1917-before 10 March 1918 7

"Zum Fragebogen über das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker"

1."On Gravitational Waves," 31 January 1918 9

"Über Gravitationswellen" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1918)

2."Note on E. Schrödinger's Paper 'The Energy Components of the Gravitational Field'," 5 February 1918 28

"Notiz zu E. Schrödingers Arbeit 'Die Energiekomponenten des Gravitationsfeldes'" Physikalische Zeitschrift 19 (1918)

3."Comment on Schrödinger's Note 'On a System of Solutions for the Generally Covariant Gravitational Field Equations'," 3 March 1918 31

"Bemerkung zu Herrn Schrödingers Notiz 'Über ein Lösungssystem der allgemein kovarianten Gravitationsgleichungen'" Physikalische Zeitschrift 19 (1918)

4."On the Foundations of the General Theory of Relativity," 6 March 1918 33

"Prinzipielles zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie" Annalen der Physik 55 (1918)

5."Critical Comment on a Solution of the Gravitational Field Equations Given by Mr. De Sitter," 7 March 1918 36

"Kritisches zu einer von Hrn. De Sitter gegebenen Lösung der Gravitationsgleichungen" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1918)

6."Is It Possible to Determine Experimentally the X-Ray Refractive Indices of Solids?" 21 March 1918 39

"Lassen sich Brechungsexponenten der Körper für Röntgenstrahlen experimentell ermitteln?" Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. Verhandlungen 20 (1918)

7."Motives for Research," 26 April 1918 41

"Motive des Forschens" Zu Max Plancks sechzigstem Geburtstag. Ansprachen, gehalten am 26. April 1918 in der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft von E. War burg, M. v. Laue, A. Sommerfeld und A. Einstein. Karlsruhe: C. F. Müllersche Hofbuchhandlung, 1918

8."Supplement" to Hermann Weyl, "Gravitation and Electricity," 2 May 1918 46

"Nachtrag" Not selected for translation.

9."The Law of Energy Conservation in the General Theory of Relativity" and "Note Added in Proof," 16 May 1918 47

"Der Energiesatz in der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie" and "Nachtrag zur Korrektur" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1918)

10.Review of Hermann Weyl, Space-Time-Matter: Lectures on General Relativity, 21 June 1918 62

Raum-Zeit-Materie Die Naturwissenschaften 6 (1918)

11."Private Expert Opinion on the Objection to Patent Application G 43359 of the Society of Nautical Instruments on the Basis of Patent 241637," 16 July 1918 64

Not selected for translation.

12.Lecture Notes for Courses on Special Relativity at the University of Berlin and the University of Zurich, Winter Semester 1918-1919, 11 October 1918-second half of February 1919 65

Not selected for translation.

13."Dialogue about Objections to the Theory of Relativity," before 20 October 1918" 66

"Dialog über Einwände gegen die Relativitätstheorie" Die Naturwissenschaften 6 (1918)

14.On the Need for a National Assembly, 13 November 1918 76

15."Comment on E. Gehrcke's Note 'On the Ether'," 29 November 1918 78

16. "To the Society 'A Guaranteed Subsistence for All'," 12 December 1918 79

"An den Verein ',Allgemeine Nährpflicht'"

17."Do Gravitational Fields Play an Essential Role in the Structure of the Elementary Particles of Matter?" 10 April 1919 80

"Spielen Gravitationsfelder im Aufbau der materiellen Elementarteilchen eine wesentliche Rolle?" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1919)

18."Comment about Periodical Fluctuations of Lunar Longitude, Which So Far Appeared to Be Inexplicable in Newtonian Mechanics," 24 April 1919 89

"Bemerkung über periodische Schwankungen der Mondlänge, welche bisher nach der Newtonschen Mechanik nicht erklärbar schienen" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1919)

19.Lecture Notes for Course on General Relativity at the University of Berlin, Summer Semester 1919, May-June 1919 93

Not selected for translation.

20.Excerpt from Lecture Notes for Course on General Relativity at the University of Zurich, Summer Semester 1919, after 3 July 1919 94

Not selected for translation.

21."Court Expert Opinion in the Matter of Anschütz & Co. vs. Kreiselbau Co.," 23 July 1919 95

"Gerichts-Gutachten in Sachen Anschütz & Co. contra Kreiselbau-Gesellschaft m.b.H." Not selected for translation.

22.Comment on Albert von Brunn, "On Mr. Einstein's Remark about the Irregular Fluctuations of Lunar Longitude with an Approximate Period of the Rotation of the Lunar Nodes," 24 July 1919 96

"Bemerkung zur vorstehenden Notiz" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1919)

23."A Test of the General Theory of Relativity," 9 October 1919 97

"Prüfung der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie" Die Naturwissenschaften 7 (1919)

24."Leo Arons as Physicist," 17 November 1919 98

"Leo Arons als Physiker" Sozialistische Monatshefte 53 (1919)

25."What Is the Theory of Relativity?" before 28 November 1919 100

"Was ist die Relativitäts-Theorie?"

26."Time, Space, and Gravitation," 28 November 1919 106

The Times (London), 28 November 1919 See documentary edition for English version.

27."Welcoming Address to Paul Colin," 16 December 1919 107

"Begrüssung an Herrn Colin, gesprochen im Bund Neues Vaterland am 16. XII. 19" Not selected for translation.

28."Induction and Deduction in Physics," 25 December 1919 108

"Induktion und Deduktion in der Physik" Berliner Tageblatt, 25 December 1919

29."Immigration from the East," 30 December 1919 110

"Die Zuwanderung aus dem Osten" Berliner Tageblatt, 30 December 1919

30."Expert Opinion on German Patent 269 498 of the A.E.G., Berlin, on a 'Method for the Production of Tungsten Wires for Filaments in Incandescent Lamps,'" 10 January 1920 112

"Gutachten betreffend D.R.P. 269 498 der A.E.G., Berlin, auf ein 'Verfahren zur Herstellung von Wolframdrähten für Glühkörper elektrischer Glühlampen'" Not selected for translation.

31."Fundamental Ideas and Methods of the Theory of Relativity, Presented in Their Development," after 22 January 1920 113

"Grundgedanken und Methoden der Relativitätstheorie, in ihrer Entwicklung dargestellt"

32.In Support of Georg Nicolai, 26 January 1920 151

33.Uproar in the Lecture Hall, 13 February 1920 152

8-Uhr Abendblatt (Berlin), 13 February 1920

34."Assimilation and Anti-Semitism," 3 April 1920 153

"Assimilation und Antisemitismus"

35."Anti-Semitism. Defense through Knowledge," after 3 April 1920 156

"Antisemitismus. Abwehr durch Erkenntnis"

36.An Exchange of Scientific Literature, 4 April 1920 158

Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 4 April 1920

37.A Confession, 5 April 1920 159

Israelitisches Wochenblatt für die Schweiz, 24 September 1920

38.Ether and the Theory of Relativity, before 7 April 1920 160

Äther und Relativitätstheorie. Berlin: Springer, 1920

39."Propagation of Sound in Partly Dissociated Gases," 8 April 1920 183

"Schallausbreitung in teilweise dissoziierten Gasen" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1920)

40.To the German Central Committee for Foreign Relief, 11 July 1920 191

41.On the Quaker Relief Effort, after 11 July 1920 192

42.To the "General Association for Popular Technical Education," 16 July 1920 193

Neue Freie Presse, 24 July 1920

43.On New Sources of Energy, 25 July 1920 195

Berliner Tageblatt, 25 July 1920

44."Comment on the Paper by W. R. Heß, 'Contribution to the Theory of the Viscosity of Heterogeneous Systems'," 3 August 1920 196

"Bemerkung zu der Abhandlung von W. R. Heß 'Beitrag zur Theorie der Viskosität heterogener Systeme'" Kolloid-Zeitschrift 27 (1920)

45."My Response. On the Anti-Relativity Company," 27 August 1920 197

"Meine Antwort. Ueber die anti-relativitätstheoretische G.m.b.H." Berliner Tageblatt, 27 August 1920

46.Discussions of Lectures in Bad Nauheim, 23-24 September 1920 200

Not selected for translation.

47.On the Contribution of Intellectuals to International Reconciliation, after 29 September 1920 201

Thoughts on Reconciliation (1920)

48."Private Expert Opinion for Telefunken on the Patents of Meissner and Kühn," after 11 November 1920 202

"Privat-Gutachten für Telefunken über die Patente von Meissner und Kühn" Not selected for translation.

49.Response to Ernst Reichenbächer, "To What Extent Can Modern Gravitational Theory Be Established without Relativity?" 20 November 1920 203

"Antwort auf vorstehende Betrachtung" Die Naturwissenschaften 8 (1920)

50."Brief Outline of the Development of the Theory of Relativity," after 8 December 1920 206

"Kurze Skizze zur Entwicklung der Relativitätstheorie" Not selected for translation.

51."The Common Element in Artistic and Scientific Experience," 27 January 1921 207

"Das Gemeinsame am künstlerischen und wissenschaftlichen Erleben" Menschen 4 (1921)

52.Geometry and Experience, 27 January 1921 208

Geometrie und Erfahrung. Berlin: Springer, 1921

53."A Brief Outline of the Development of the Theory of Relativity," 17 February 1921 223

Nature 106 (1920-21) See documentary edition for English version.

54."On a Natural Addition to the Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity," 3 March 1921 224

"Über eine naheliegende Ergänzung des Fundamentes der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1921)

55."In My Defense," 16 March 1921 229

"Zur Abwehr" Not selected for translation.

56."A Simple Application of the Newtonian Law of Gravitation to Globular Star Clusters," ca. 18 March 1921 230

"Eine einfache Anwendung des Newtonschen Gravitationsgesetzes auf die kugelförmigen Sternhaufen" Festschrift der Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften zu ihrem zehnjährigen Jubiläum dargebracht von ihren Instituten. Berlin: Springer, 1921

57."How I Became a Zionist," before 30 May 1921 234

"Wie ich Zionist wurde" Jüdische Rundschau, 21 June 1921

58.King's College Lecture, before 13 June 1921 238

59.On a Jewish Palestine. First Version, before 27 June 1921 241

60.On a Jewish Palestine. Final Version, 27 June 1921 243

Jüdische Rundschau, 1 July 1921

61.On Reporters, 10 August 1921 246

"Einstein und die Interviewer"

62."On the Founding of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem," 26 August 1921 248

"Zur Errichtung der hebräischen Universität in Jerusalem" Jüdische Pressezentrale Zürich, 26 August 1921

63."On the Special and General Theory of Relativity," after 1 September 1921 250

"Über die spezielle und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie" Not selected for translation.

64.Lecture on the Special Theory of Relativity, after 1 September 1921 251

"Spezielle Relativitätstheorie" Not selected for translation.

65.On the Misery of Children, 7 October 1921 252

66.Court Expert Opinion in the Matter of Signal Co. vs. Atlas Works, ca. 3 December 1921 253

Not selected for translation.

67."Court Expert Opinion in the Matter of Atlas Works vs. Signal Co.," 3 December 1921 254

"Gerichtsgutachten in Sachen Atlaswerke gegen Signal GmbH" Not selected for translation.

68."On an Experiment Concerning the Elementary Process of Light Emission," 8 December 1921 255

"Über ein den Elementarprozeß der Lichtemission betreffendes Experiment" Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin). Sitzungsberichte (1921)

69.Impact of Science on the Development of Pacifism, before 9 December 1921 257

Kurt Lenz and Walter Fabian, eds. Die Friedensbewegung. Ein Handbuch der Weltfriedensströmungen der Gegenwart. Berlin: Schwetschke, 1922

70."The Plight of German Science. A Danger for the Nation," 21 December 1921 259

"Die Not der deutschen Wissenschaft. Eine Gefahr für die Nation" Neue Freie Presse, 25 December 1921

71.Four Lectures on the Theory of Relativity, Held at Princeton University in May 19/21, before 4 January 1922 261

Vier Vorlesungen über Relativitätstheorie gehalten im Mai 1921 an der Universität Princeton. Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1922

The appendixes were not selected for translation.ERRATA FOR VOLUME 6 369


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