2011 Reprint of 1928 Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. Illustrated with 31 illustrations. Florian Cajori was one of the most celebrated historians of mathematics in his day. Cajori emigrated to the United States at the age of sixteen. He received a Ph.D. at Tulane University, where he taught for a few years before settling in Berkeley. Even today his "History of Mathematical Notations" has been described as "unsurpassed." In 1918, he was appointed to a specially created chair in history of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley. He remained in Berkeley, California until his death in 1930. "The Early Mathematical Sciences in North and South America" covers the contributions made in the field of mathematics by early practitioners in North and South America. He begins with the Mayan system of numbers, and the book contains chapters on Practical Astronomy and Surveying, Meridian Measurements of the Earth, Transit of Venus, 1761 to 1769, Comets, Almanacs, Orreries, Earliest Permanent Observation in America, Physics, Societies, Academies and Journals.