The Making of American Resorts: Saratoga Springs, Ballston Spa, and Lake George / Edition 1 available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
- Rutgers University Press
What factors create a successful resort? How did the rise of lavish hotels and spas reflect the changing values of American society as the nineteenth century progressed? Historians have argued that resorts were created to meet the demands of a leisured social elite. Theodore Corbett offers a fresh, compelling argument, demonstrating that resorts created and re-created themselves to keep pace with changing times. Success came with anticipating demands, not just reacting to them.
Using an impressive variety of historical documents, Corbett focuses on the conditions underlying the riseand the demiseof the resorts at Ballston Spa and Caldwell on Lake George. Both towns’ major landlord-developers saw tourism as only one vehicle that could lead to success. As a result of their divided policies, neither town invested in the proper infrastructure to make tourism an immediate succes. Both places were soon overshadowed by Saratoga Springs, which became the premier resort of the upper and middle class.
Due to complex interwoven influences, Saratoga Springs was able to supply the amenities needed to attract and retain the patronage of the well heeled. The town provided visitors with lavish hotels, parks, public squares, pleasure gardens, and convenient service alleys. Saratoga Springs also had a work force that was available for the five-month period per year that the spas were active. Corbett examines the history and participation of various ethnic groups in the resort’s service sector: African Americans, Irish, and Native Americans.
Corbett also stresses middle-class America’s emulation of the leisure habits of the English aristocracy. Even though these pursuits (hunting, fishing, horse racrting) were dominaterd by men, social rituals were dominated by women, and resorts that accommodated “public domesticity” thrived as the century progressed. The Making of American Resorts offers a window into shifting public values and the structure of commercial tourism.
|Publisher:||Rutgers University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||7.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Theodore Corbett is a historian and member of the St. Augustine Historical Society. He has been previously published by Rutgers University Press and University of Oklahoma Press
Table of Contents
|List of Illustrations||ix|
|List of Tables||xiii|
|Introduction: The Creation of Resorts||1|
|Part 1.||Early Resorts||13|
|1.||The Tradition of the English Spa||15|
|2.||The Rise and Fall of Ballston Spa as a Resort||27|
|3.||The Reluctant Resort: Caldwell on Lake George||40|
|Part 2.||The Establishment of Saratoga Springs as the Leading Resort||57|
|4.||The Development of Public Spaces||59|
|5.||Accommodations: Private Spaces for the Public||83|
|6.||Alleys as Support Spaces||100|
|Part 3.||The Resort Workforce||125|
|7.||The Building Trades||127|
|8.||The African American Presence||144|
|Part 4.||Catering to a Diverse Clientele||169|
|10.||Native American Encampments as Tourist Attractions||171|
|11.||Wickedness versus Pleasure: The Religious Solution||185|
|12.||Setting the Standards for Resort Society||208|
|13.||The Nature of Visitors||223|
|Epilogue: Why Do Resorts Succeed?||243|