In Chile during the last forty years, there have been important initiatives aimed at increasing equity in higher education, including the private provision of tertiary education starting in 1980, the growing support provided by the state to low-income students through financial aid, the increasing importance of institutional financial aid, a university admissions system that has made efforts to reduce the important weight standardized test scores have traditionally had in admissions decisions and institutional-level programs implemented to broadened the admission of low income students to selective institutions. This book seeks to describe the concurrent efforts undertaken both at the national and at the institutional level to increase equity in access to higher education and educational outcomes in Chile during the last four decades. Taking stock of the accomplishments of Chile´s higher education system is especially important at a time when social demands and political decisions seem to deeply question the road traveled.
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About the Author
Maria Veronica Santelices is associate professor at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.
Catherine Horn is professor of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies and Executive Director of the Institute for Educational Policy Research and Evaluation at the University of Houston.
Ximena Catalán is a PhD student at the Department of Education at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.
Table of Contents
List of Relevant Terms
Section I. Framing the Issue
Chapter 1: Introduction, Maria Veronica Santelices, Catherine Horn, and Ximena Catalán
Chapter 2: Chile’s Higher Education System: Structure and Policies Behind Increased Enrollment, María Veronica Santelices, Ximena Catalán and Catherine Horn
Chapter 3: United States Postsecondary Education as a Point of Comparison, Catherine Horn, Maria Veronica Santelices, and Ximena Catalán
Section II. Higher Education Decision-Making Process
Chapter 4: The Role of Information in Students’ Transition to Higher Education, Maria Veronica Santelices, Ximena Catalán, Magdalena Zarhi, and Catherine Horn
Chapter 5: Tuition Fees and Student Financial Aid and Higher Education Enrollment: the Case of Chile, Carlos Williamson, Macarena Kutscher, Cristina Riquelme and Maria Veronica Santelices
Section III. University Admissions
Chapter 6: University Admission Criteria in Chile, Maria Veronica Santelices, Ximena Catalán and Catherine Horn
Chapter 7: High School Ranking Policy: Expected and Observed Consequences, Maria Veronica Santelices, Ximena Catalán, Catherine Horn and Alejandra Venegas
Chapter 8: Equity Admissions Initiatives in Chile: Experiences from Three Selective Universities, Maria Veronica Santelices, Catherine Horn, and Ximena Catalán
Section IV. Student Financial Aid and Educational Outcomes
Chapter 9: Effects of Financial Aid Initiatives at the National level, Maria Veronica Santelices, Catherine Horn, Ximena Catalán and Diana Kruger
Chapter 10: Effects of Financial Aid at the Institutional level, Catherine Horn, Macarena Alarcón, Maria Veronica Santelices and Ximena Catalán
Section V. Conclusions and Lessons Learned
Chapter 11: Conclusions and Lessons Learned, Maria Veronica Santelices, Catherine Horn, and Ximena Catalán
About the contributors