In this superb volume in Oxford's acclaimed Pivotal Moments series, Colin Calloway reveals how the Treaty of Paris of 1763 had a profound effect on American history, setting in motion a cascade of unexpected consequences, as Indians and Europeans, settlers and frontiersmen, all struggled to adapt to new boundaries, new alignments, and new relationships.
Britain now possessed a vast American empire stretching from Canada to the Florida Keys, yet the crushing costs of maintaining it would push its colonies toward rebellion. White settlers, free to pour into the West, clashed as never before with Indian tribes struggling to defend their way of life. In the Northwest, Pontiac's War brought racial conflict to its bitterest level so far. Whole ethnic groups migrated, sometimes across the continent: it was 1763 that saw many exiled settlers from Acadia in French Canada move again to Louisiana, where they would become Cajuns. Calloway unfurls this panoramic canvas with vibrant narrative skill, peopling his tale with memorable characters such as William Johnson, the Irish baronet who moved between Indian campfires and British barracks; Pontiac, the charismatic Ottawa chieftain; and James Murray, Britains first governor in Quebec, who fought to protect the religious rights of his French Catholic subjects.
Most Americans know the significance of the Declaration of Independence or the Emancipation Proclamation, but not the Treaty of Paris. Yet 1763 was a year that shaped our history just as decisively as 1776 or 1862. This captivating book shows why.
Winner of the Society of Colonial Wars Book Award for 2006
About the Author
Simon Vance, a former BBC Radio presenter and newsreader, is a full-time actor who has appeared on both stage and television. He has recorded over eight hundred audiobooks and has earned five coveted Audie Awards, and he has won fifty-seven Earphones Awards from AudioFile magazine, which has named him a Golden Voice.
Table of Contents
|Introduction: War, Peace, and Revolution||3|
|1||America and Americans in 1763||19|
|Land and Freedom in Indian Country||48|
|Emigrants and Settlers||56|
|3||The First War of Independence||66|
|The Settlers' War||76|
|The Redcoats' War||81|
|A Line in the Mountains||92|
|The Treaty of Augusta and the Southern Indians||100|
|5||Endings and Endurance in French America||112|
|The Interior French||122|
|6||Louisiana Transfer and Mississippi Frontier||133|
|A New Order in Lower Mississippi Indian Country||134|
|Lingering French and Reluctant Spanish||138|
|Frontier Defenses and Indian Power in the West||142|
|7||Exiles and Expulsions||150|
|Jesuit Expulsion and Acadian Reunion||157|
|Epilogue: A Tale of Two Treaties||165|
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
In American history, the year 1763 was a watershed. With the treaty ending the French and Indian War signed in Paris began a series of consequential decisions which seem to inexorably lead to the American Revolution. Historian Colin Calloway, professor at Dartmouth College, uses this momentous year to consider the broad context of life in the British controlled sections of North America, which he construes as a tipping point for the region.In "The Scratch of a Pen: 1763 and the Transformation of North America," a volume in the Oxford University Press series, "Pivotal Moments in American History," Calloway offers a panoramic snapshot of the various political and cultural interests in and around the British colonies in North America. In particular, he depicts a highly politicized environment in which several groups were simultaneously trying to gain the upper hand in the wake of the transfer of power ¿ at least on paper ¿ of the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River from French control to British.While others have described the variety of impulses among the American colonists, particularly those who hoped to settle across the mountains, few have offered much insight into the actions and maneuverings of the native Indian nations living in those lands. Calloway, with his expertise in Native American history, remedies this to offer a sophisticated and complex portrait of a geography disputed by American colonists, British, French, Spanish, and several Native American tribes. To use an anachronistic comparison (though one which seems to inform Calloway's analysis), the Cold War-like balance of power between the French and the British vanished after the 1763 treaty, creating a vacuum in which alliances shifted uneasily and with uncertainty.If the text is occasionally a little dense, this is mostly due to Calloway's goal of offering a portrait that is both comprehensive and condensed. The amount of information, including a fair number of biographical stories of key participants, presented in this slim volume is breathtaking. For those interested in the immediate prologue to the American Revolutionary War, this book is among a handful of necessary volumes, alongside those of Bernard Bailyn and the like.