Turkey's Engagement with Modernity: Conflict and Change in the Twentieth Century

Turkey's Engagement with Modernity: Conflict and Change in the Twentieth Century

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Overview

Turkey's Engagement with Modernity: Conflict and Change in the Twentieth Century by C. Kerslake

Turkey's Enagement with Modernity explores how the country has been shaped in the image of the Kemalist project of nationalist modernity and how it has transformed, if erratically, into a democratic society where tensions between religion, state and society continue unabated.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781349313266
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication date: 02/25/2010
Series: St Antony's Series
Edition description: 1st ed. 2010
Pages: 473
Product dimensions: 5.51(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.04(d)

About the Author

FEROZ AHMAD Professor and Head of the Department of History, Yeditepe University, Turkey
HALIS AKDER Professor in the Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
?AHIN ALPAY Professor of Politics, Bahçe?ehir University, Turkey
EMRE ARACI is a freelance composer, conductor and musicologist based in the UK
YE?IM ARAT Professor in the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Bo?aziçi University, Turkey
SENCER AYATA Professor of Sociology and Director of the Graduate School of Social Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
HENRI J. BARKLEY Cohen Professor of International Relations at Lehigh University, USA
MURAT BELGE Professor of Comparative Literature, Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey
SIBEL BOZDO?AN Lecturer in Architecture, Harvard University's Graduate School of Design, USA
NÜKET ESEN Head of Department and Professor of Turkish Language and Literature at Bo?aziçi University, Turkey
BENJAMIN C. FORTNA Head of the Department of History and Senior Lecturer in the Modern History of the Near and Middle East at the School of Oriental& African Studies (SOAS), UK
ZEHRA F. KABASAKAL ARAT Juanita and Jospeh Leff Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Women's Studies at Purchase College of the State University of New York (SUNY), USA
ERSIN KALAYCIO?LU Professor of Political Science at Istanbul Sabanc? University, USA
IAN LESSER Senior Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States
ANDREW MANGO is a leading expert on Turkey.
LEYLA NEYZI Associate Professor in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sabanc? University, Turkey
AY?E ÖNCÜ Professor, Sabanc? University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Turkey
ELISABETH ÖZDALGA Professor of Sociology, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
JENNY WHITE Associate Professor of Anthropology, Boston University, USA
NURI YURDUSEV Professor of International Relations, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
ERIK-JAN ZÜRCHER Director of the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Table of Contents

List of Figures viii

List of Tables ix

Notes on Orthography and Pronunciation x

Acknowledgements xi

Editors'Preface xii

Synopsis: Tensions of Modernity: Looking Back to a Century of Nationalism Kerem Öktem xiv

Notes on Contributors xvii

Introduction: Atatürk and Kemalism throughout the Twentieth Century Andrew Mango 1

Part I The State, Its Politics and International Relations

Nation Building and Its Challenges

1 The Ottoman Educational Legacy Benjamin C. Fortna 15

2 Genç Kalemler and Turkish Nationalism Murat Beige 27

3 Nation Building and Feminism in Early Republican Turkey Yeşim Arat 38

Islam, the Military and the State

4 The Importance of Being Secular: Islam in the Service of the National and Pre-National State Erik-Jan Zürcher 55

5 Transformation of Sufi-Based Communities in Modern Turkey: The Nakşibendis, the Nurcus, and the Gülen Community Elizabeth Özdalga 69

6 Military and Politics in Turkey Feroz Ahmad 92

Institutions and Public Policy

7 The Turkish Grand National Assembly: New Challenges and Old Problems Ersin Kalaycioğlu 119

8 University Governance in Turkey Itter Turan 142

9 Opportunities, Freedoms and Restrictions: Women and Employment in Turkey Zehra F. Kabasakal Arat 165

10 Poverty, Social Policy and Modernity in Turkey Sencer Ayata 190

11 Forgotten Campaigns: A History of Disease in Turkey Halis Akder 210

Turkey as International Actor

12 Turkey and the Great Powers Henri J. Barkey 239

13 The Evolution of Turkish National Security Strategy Ian Lesser 258

14 Turkey's Engagement with Europe: A History of Mutual Management Nuri Yurdusev 277

Part II Society and Culture in Flux

The Republic in Culture and Arts

15 "Westernisation against the West": Cultural Politics in the Early Turkish Republic Orhan Koçak 305

16 The Turkish Novel: From Model of Modernity to Puzzle of Postmodernity Nüket Esen 323

17 The Turkish Music Reform: From Late Ottoman Times to the Early Republic Emre Araci 336

Media and Popular Culture

18 Fashioning the Turkish Body Politic Arus Yumul 349

19 Two Faces of the Press in Turkey: The Role of the Media in Turkey's Modernisation and Democracy Şahin Alpay 370

20 Rapid Commercialisation and Continued Control: The Turkish Media in the 1990s Ayşe Öncü 388

Social and Urban Histories

21 From 'Cubic Houses' to Suburban Villas: Residential Architecture and the Elites in Turkey Sibel Bozdoğan 405

22 Tin Town to Fanatics: Turkey's Rural to Urban Migration from 1923 to the Present Jenny B. White 425

23 Oral History and Memory Studies in Turkey Leyla Neyzi 443

Selected Bibliography 460

Index 467

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