Home to "Black Broadway" and the Howard Theatre in the Greater U Street area, Washington, DC, has long been associated with American jazz. Duke Ellington and Billy Eckstine launched their careers there in the early 20th century. Decades later, Shirley Horn and Buck Hill would follow their leads, and DC's "jazz millennials" include graduates of the Duke Ellington School of the Arts. For years, Bohemian Caverns and One Step Down were among the clubs serving as gathering places for producers and consumers of jazz, even as Rusty Hassan and other programmers used radio to promote the music. Washington, DC, Jazz focuses, primarily, on the history of straight-ahead jazz, using oral histories, materials from the William P. Gottlieb Collection at the Library of Congress, the Felix E. Grant Jazz Archives at the University of the District of Columbia, and Smithsonian Jazz. This volume also features the work of photographers Nathaniel Rhodes, Michael Wilderman, and Lawrence A. Randall.
About the Author
A scholar, curator, and Fulbright alumna with more than 20 years' experience teaching at the post-secondary level, Dr. Regennia N. Williams is the founder and executive director of The RASHAD Center, Inc., a Maryland-based nonprofit organization, and a part-time faculty associate and instructor in the Lifelong Learning Institute at Maryland's Montgomery College. Rev. Dr. Sandra Butler-Truesdale is the founder and chairperson of DC Legendary Musicians, Inc.; music programmer at WPFW FM Radio; and associate minister at Washington's Metropolitan AME Church. A native Washingtonian, she has worked with performers like Ray Charles and James Brown and served as an elected member of the DC Board of Education.
Table of Contents
1 Roots Music: Washington, Dc, and the Early History of Jazz 11
2 Black Broadway: From the Jazz Age Renaissance through the Era of the Great Depression 17
3 Vocalists and Instrumentalists: World War II and the Post-World War II Era 23
4 "Is That Jazz?": Cultural Nationalism, Revolutionary Rhetoric, and Musical Metamorphoses 33
5 No Limits: The Expansion of Jazz in the Academy and throughout the Global Community 43
6 DC Music and the Mass Media: Radio Programmers and Jazz Journalists 69
7 Place Matters: Jazz Clubs and Other Arts Venues, Then and Now 79
8 Save the Date: Festivals, Annual Events, Curators, and Producers 91
9 Smithsonian Jazz: World-Class Programs on the National Mall and Beyond 101
10 Grand Finale: Nonprofits, Legendary Musicians, Veteran Artists, and Rising Stars 117