This fully revised edition of Martin Shaw’s classic,award-winning text proposes a way through the intellectualconfusion surrounding genocide. In a thorough account of theidea’s history, Shaw considers its origins and developmentand its relationships to concepts like ethnic cleansing andpoliticide. Offering a radical critique of the existingliterature on genocide, he argues that what distinguishes genocidefrom more legitimate warfare is that the ‘enemies’targeted are groups and individuals of a civilian character. He vividly illustrates his argument with a wide range of historicalexamples - from the Holocaust to Rwanda and Palestine to Yugoslavia- and shows how the question ‘What is genocide?’matters politically whenever populations are threatened byviolence.
The second edition of this compelling book will continue tospark interest and vigorous debate, appealing to students andscholars across the social sciences and in international law.
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About the Author
Martin Shaw is a historical sociologist of global politics,war and genocide and the author War and Genocide and Genocide andInternational Relations. He is Emeritus Professor of InternationalRelations at Sussex University and Research Professor at theInstitut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals.
Table of Contents
Preface to the Second Edition
1 Introduction: The Importance of Definition
PART I: THE GENOCIDE IDEA
2 Raphael Lemkin and the Idea of Genocide
3 The Concept after Lemkin
4 The Holocaust Standard
5 The 'Cleansing' Euphemism
6 The Many 'Cides' of Genocide
PART II: AGENCY AND STRUCTURE IN GENOCIDE
7 From Intentionality to a Structural Concept
8 The Structure of Genocide: Conflict and War
9 Actors and Process in Genocidal Conflict
10 Structural Contexts: Explaining Modern Genocide
11 Conclusion: New Definitions