Who Defines Indigenous?: Identities, Development, Intellectuals, and the State in Northern Mexico available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
- Rutgers University Press
In Baja California, many Mixtec Indians have not made efforts to align themselves as a coherent demographic. Instead, Martinez Novo finds that the push for indigenous identity in this region has come from local government agencies, economic elites, intellectuals, and other external agents. Their concern has not only been over the loss of rich culture. Rather, the pressure to maintain an indigenous identity has stemmed from the desire to secure a reproducible abundance of cheap "Indian" labor. Meanwhile, many Mixtecs reject their ethnic label precisely because being "Indian" means being a commercial agriculture low-wage worker or an urban informal street vendor-an identity that interferes with their goals of social mobility and economic integration.
Bringing a critical new perspective to the complex intersection among government and scholarly agendas, economic development, global identity politics, and the aspirations of local migrants, this provocative book is essential reading for scholars working in the fields of sociology, anthropology, and ethnic studies.
|Publisher:||Rutgers University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Carmen Martfnez Novo is a professor and researcher in the anthropology program at Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Sede Ecuador in Quito, Ecuador.
Table of Contents
|1||Mixtec Communities at the Mexican Border||18|
|2||The Making of Vulnerabilities: Indigenous Day Laborers in Mexico's Neoliberal Agriculture||27|
|3||"We Are Against the Government, Although We Are the Government". State Institutions and Indigenous Migrants in Baja California in the 1990s||58|
|4||The Culture of Exclusion: Representations of Indigenous Women Street Vendors in Tijuana||96|
|5||Race, Maternalism, and Community Development||118|
|Conclusion: Cultural Difference and Democracy||152|