In the wake of the September 11 attacks, President George W. Bush drew a line in the sand, saying, “Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists.” Since 9/11, many counterterrorism partners have been both “with” and “against” the United States, helping it in some areas and hindering it in others. This has been especially true in the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia, where the terrorist groups that threaten America are most concentrated. Because so many aspects of U.S. counterterrorism strategy are dependent on international cooperation, the United States has little choice but to work with other countries. Making the most of these partnerships is fundamental to the success of the War on Terror. Yet what the United States can reasonably expect from its counterterrorism partners—and how to get more out of them—remain too little understood.
In With Us and Against Us, Stephen Tankel analyzes the factors that shape counterterrorism cooperation, examining the ways partner nations aid international efforts, as well as the ways they encumber and impede effective action. He considers the changing nature of counterterrorism, exploring how counterterrorism efforts after 9/11 critically differ both from those that existed beforehand and from traditional alliances. Focusing on U.S. partnerships with Algeria, Egypt, Mali, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen against al-Qaeda, ISIS, and other terrorist organizations, Tankel offers nuanced propositions about what the U.S. can expect from its counterterrorism partners depending on their political and security interests, threat perceptions, and their relationships with the United States and with the terrorists in question. With Us and Against Us offers a theoretically rich and policy-relevant toolkit for assessing and improving counterterrorism cooperation, devising strategies for mitigating risks, and getting the most out of difficult partnerships.
|Publisher:||Columbia University Press|
|Series:||Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||3 MB|
About the Author
Stephen Tankel is an Assistant Professor in the School of International Service at American University and a non-resident senior fellow at the Center for New American Security. He has written Storming the World Stage: The Story of Lashkar-e-Taiba (Columbia, 2011), and has published articles in Eurasia Review, Foreign Policy, Politico and others.
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments
1. Counterterrorism Partnerships in Context
2. America and Its Partners in the War on Terror
3. The Elements of Counterterrorism Cooperation
4. Pakistan: The Paradox
5. Saudi Arabia: Arsonist and Firefighter
6. Yemen: An Unstable Partner
7. Mali: The Weakest Link
8. Egypt and Algeria: The Revolutionary Heartland
Conclusion: Making the Most of Cooperation
Appendix: List of U.S. Counterterror Programs