Pub. Date:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Action Research for Educators / Edition 2

Action Research for Educators / Edition 2

by Daniel R. Tomal, Dennis J. Hastert


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781607096474
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 03/15/2010
Series: Concordia University Leadership Series
Edition description: Second Edition
Pages: 214
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Daniel R. Tomal is a professor of educational leadership and research at Concordia University Chicago. He is also a consultant and the author of nine books such as Challenging Students to Learn. He has made guest appearances on many national radio and television shows.

Table of Contents

Foreword vii

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xv

1 The Nature of Educational Research 1

Principles of Research 1

Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research 3

Action Research Principles 10

2 Action Research 13

History of Action Research 13

Action Research Model 17

Developing an Action Research Proposal 23

Conducting a Literature Review 27

Sampling Techniques 28

Benchmarking 30

Ethical and Legal Considerations 32

3 Data Collection Methods 35

The Nature of Data Collection 35

Observing 38

Interviewing 44

Surveying 59

Assessing 80

4 Data Analysis and Interpretation 91

Threats to Validity 91

Using Descriptive Statistics 96

Significance Levels and Tests of Significance 105

Using Graphs and Diagrams 114

Writing Narrative Reports 117

5 Solving Problems and Taking Action 121

Barriers to Problem Solving 121

Steps in Problem Solving 123

Managing Change 125

Planning and Initiating Action 128

Data-driven Decision Making (DDDM) 131

6 Evaluating Action Research 135

Areas for Evaluation 135

Methods for Evaluating Results 137

Evaluating Action Research Studies 138

7 Conducting Action Research 143

Sample Research Study Analysis 143

Collaborative Process Intervention: An Action Research Study 144

Modifying Discussion and Assessment Techniques to Increase Student Understanding and Teacher Reflective Practices 155

Appendix A Ethical Standards of the American Educational Research Association 169

Appendix B Informed Consent 173

Appendix C American Educational Research Association Definition of Scientifically Based Research 177

Appendix D Code of Professional Responsibilities in Educational Measurement 179

Appendix E Sample Consent Form 181

Appendix F One Hundred Ideas for Conducting Action Research 183

Bibliography 189

Index 193

About the Author 197

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