Between Europe and Asia analyzes the origins and development of Eurasianism, an intellectual movement that proclaimed the existence of Eurasia, a separate civilization coinciding with the former Russian Empire. The essays in the volume explore the historical roots, the heyday of the movement in the 1920s, and the afterlife of the movement in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods. The first study to offer a multifaceted account of Eurasianism in the twentieth century and to touch on the movement's intellectual entanglements with history, politics, literature, or geography, this book also explores Eurasianism's influences beyond Russia.
The Eurasianists blended their search for a primordial essence of Russian culture with radicalism of Europe's interwar period. In reaction to the devastation and dislocation of the wars and revolutions, they celebrated the Orthodox Church and the Asian connections of Russian culture, while rejecting Western individualism and democracy. The movement sought to articulate a non-European, non-Western modernity, and to underscore Russia's role in the colonial world. As the authors demonstrate, Eurasianism was akin to many fascist movements in interwar Europe, and became one of the sources of the rhetoric of nationalist mobilization in Vladimir Putin's Russia. This book presents the rich history of the concept of Eurasianism, and how it developed over time to achieve its present form.
About the Author
Sergey Glebov is assistant professor of Russian history at Smith College and Amherst College. Glebov is the founding editor of Ab Imperio: Studies in Nationalism and New Imperial History in the Post-Soviet Space.
Marlene Laruelle is director of the Central Asia Program and a research professor of international affairs at the Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies (IERES), Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. She is the author of Russian Eurasianism: An Ideology of Empire, In the Name of the Nation: Nationalism and Politics in Contemporary Russia, and Russia’s Strategies in the Arctic and the Future of the Far North.
Table of ContentsContents Introduction: What Was Eurasianism and Who Made It? (Mark Bassin, Sergey Glebov, & Marlene Laruelle) 1. A Revolutionary and the Empire: Alexander Herzen and Russian Discourse on Asia (Olga Maiorova) 2. The Eurasians and Liberal Scholarship of the Late Imperial Period: Continuity and Change across the 1917 Divide (Vera Tolz) 3. N. S. Trubetskoi’s Europe and Mankind and Eurasianist Antievolutionism: One Unknown Source (Sergey Glebov) 4. Conceiving the Territory: Eurasianism as a Geographical Ideology (Marlene Laruelle) 5. Eurasianism as a Form of Popperian Historicism? (Stefan Wiederkehr) 6. Metaphysics of the Economy: The Religious and Economic Foundations of P. N. Savitskii’s Eurasianism (Martin Beisswenger) 7. Becoming Eurasian: The Intellectual Odyssey of Georgii Vladimirovich Vernadsky (Igor Torbakov) 8. Spatializing the Sign: The Futurist Eurasianism of Roman Jakobson and Velimir Khlebnikov (Harsha Ram) 9. Eurasianism Goes Japanese: Toward a Global History of a Russian Intellectual Movement (Hama Yukiko) 10. Narrative Kulikovo: Lev Gumilev, Russian Nationalists, and the Troubled Emergence of Neo-Eurasianism (Mark Bassin) Postface: The Paradoxical Legacy of Eurasianism in Contemporary Eurasia (Marlene Laruelle) Notes Contributors Index