This addition to the burgeoning literature on the environment presents topics in alphabetical arrangement from "Abbey, Edward" to "Zoos: Institutions in Transition". The 500 signed articles were written by 248 scholars from more than 20 countries. Most represent universities, research organizations, government agencies, or the environmental-law sector. The editor is a professor in the environmental and resource studies program at Trent University in Canada. Many of the entries use scientific language, reflecting the expertise of their authors. The entry "Radon", for example, gives three scientific standards for measuring this gas. Advocacy is another feature of this encyclopedia. The entry "Yellowstone" gives a one-page history of the origins and management practices of the park followed by a plea for public and private organizations to coordinate natural-resource management to preserve the Yellowstone ecosystem
The entries fall into 12 categories, such as specific laws and legislation, key individuals in the environmental movement, conservation of species, special habitats, pollution, resources and their sustainability, and publications such as "Audubon" and "Mother Earth News". All entries conclude with bibliographies and cross-references to related entries; some have tables. Many survey articles are subdivided; acid rain is under "Acid Precipitation" and divided into four subtopics: "Aquatic Impacts", "European Experiences", "Legislative Initiatives", and "Terrestrial Impacts", each by a different author, with a separate bibliography and set of cross-references. A few entries for organizations provide addresses and key personnel, but most do not. The detailed index simplifies access to phrased entry headings such as "Former Soviet Union" by creating references to the subject in permuted terms, "Soviet Union [former]". There are also numerous subdivisions of topics in the index, for example; there are 43 subdivisions under "Endangered Species"
This scholarly work is similar in size and tone to "The Encyclopedia of the Environment" ["RBB" O 1 94]. Both volumes are strong on public policy and the need for protecting the earth's resources. Since numerous scholars contributed to each volume, both are valuable for providing different viewpoints. Secondary schools and academic libraries that can afford to own both books will find complementary information in them. Unlike Franck's "Green Encyclopedia" (1992), there are no graphs, charts, illustrations, directories, or appendixes with practical advice. The latter work is more appropriate for public and school libraries and for academic libraries needing basic information.
An excellent reference for a wide audience. It covers all aspects of the environment in some 500 signed original articles which encompass studies of species, conservation efforts, environmental organizations, treaties, toxic chemical hazards, resource conservation, conservation concepts, energy-use impacts, and other subjects. The authors are from 14 countries, and they write from the perspectives of numerous disciplines and professions. Also represented are the perspectives of major environmental organizations and government agencies in six countries. The entries include further readings and are thoroughly cross-referenced. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)