Cycles of Conflict, Centuries of Change: Crisis, Reform, and Revolution in Mexico

Cycles of Conflict, Centuries of Change: Crisis, Reform, and Revolution in Mexico

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Overview

This important collection explores how Mexico’s tumultuous past informs its uncertain present and future. Cycles of crisis and reform, of conflict and change, have marked Mexico’s modern history. The final decades of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries each brought efforts to integrate Mexico into globalizing economies, pressures on the country’s diverse peoples, and attempts at reform. The crises of the late eighteenth century and the late nineteenth led to revolutionary mobilizations and violent regime changes. The wars for independence that began in 1810 triggered conflicts that endured for decades; the national revolution that began in 1910 shaped Mexico for most of the twentieth century. In 2000, the PRI, which had ruled for more than seventy years, was defeated in an election some hailed as “revolution by ballot.” Mexico now struggles with the legacies of a late-twentieth-century crisis defined by accelerating globalization and the breakdown of an authoritarian regime that was increasingly unresponsive to historic mandates and popular demands.

Leading Mexicanists—historians and social scientists from Mexico, the United States, and Europe—examine the three fin-de-siècle eras of crisis. They focus on the role of the country’s communities in advocating change from the eighteenth century to the present. They compare Mexico’s revolutions of 1810 and 1910 and consider whether there might be a twenty-first-century recurrence or whether a globalizing, urbanizing, and democratizing world has so changed Mexico that revolution is improbable. Reflecting on the political changes and social challenges of the late twentieth century, the contributors ask if a democratic transition is possible and, if so, whether it is sufficient to address twenty-first-century demands for participation and justice.

Contributors. Antonio Annino, Guillermo de la Peña, François-Xavier Guerra, Friedrich Katz, Alan Knight, Lorenzo Meyer, Leticia Reina, Enrique Semo, Elisa Servín, John Tutino, Eric Van Young

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822389934
Publisher: Duke University Press
Publication date: 07/17/2007
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 424
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

Elisa Servín is Research Professors at the Dirección de Estudios Historicos of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia in Mexico City. She is the author of Ruptura y oposición: El movimiento henriquista, 1945–1954.

Leticia Reina is Research Professor at the Dirección de Estudios Historicos of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia in Mexico City. She is the author of Los retos de la etnicidad en los estados-nacion del siglo XXI.

John Tutino is Associate Professor and Chair of the History Department at Georgetown University. He is author of From Insurrection to Revolution in Mexico: Social Bases of Agrarian Violence, 1750–1940.

Table of Contents

Preface: Debating History to Face the Present and Imagine the Future / John Tutino vi

Acknowledgments xi

Abbreviations of Mexican Political Organizations xiii

Introduction: Crises, Reforms, and Revolutions in Mexico, Past and Present / Leticia Reina, Elisa Servin, and John Tutino 1

Part 1. Communities

Of Tempests and Teapots: Imperial Crisis and Local Conflict in Mexico at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century / Eric Van Young 23

The Two-Faced Janus: The Pueblos and the Origins of Mexican Liberalism / Antonio Annino 60

Local Elections and Regime Crises: The Political Culture of Indigenous Peoples / Leticia Reina 91

Part II. Revolutions

Mexico from Independence to Revolution: The Mutations of Liberalism / Francois-Xavier Guerra 129

Mexico’s Three Fin de Siecle Crises / Alan Knight 153

International Wars, Mexico, and U.S. Hegemony / Friedrich Katz 184

The Revolutionary Capacity of Rural Communities: Ecological Autonomy and Its Demise / John Tutino 211

Part III. Contemporary Crisis

The Second Coming of Mexican Liberalism: A Comparative Perspective / Lorenzo Meye 271

Civil Society and Popular Resistance: Mexico at the end of the Twentieth Century / Guierrmo de la Pena 305

The Left in the Neoliberal Era / Enrique Semo 346

Another Turn of the Screw: Toward a New Political Order / Elisa Servin 363

Contributors 393

Index 395

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