Leading Mexicanists—historians and social scientists from Mexico, the United States, and Europe—examine the three fin-de-siècle eras of crisis. They focus on the role of the country’s communities in advocating change from the eighteenth century to the present. They compare Mexico’s revolutions of 1810 and 1910 and consider whether there might be a twenty-first-century recurrence or whether a globalizing, urbanizing, and democratizing world has so changed Mexico that revolution is improbable. Reflecting on the political changes and social challenges of the late twentieth century, the contributors ask if a democratic transition is possible and, if so, whether it is sufficient to address twenty-first-century demands for participation and justice.
Contributors. Antonio Annino, Guillermo de la Peña, François-Xavier Guerra, Friedrich Katz, Alan Knight, Lorenzo Meyer, Leticia Reina, Enrique Semo, Elisa Servín, John Tutino, Eric Van Young
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About the Author
Elisa Servín is Research Professors at the Dirección de Estudios Historicos of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia in Mexico City. She is the author of Ruptura y oposición: El movimiento henriquista, 1945–1954.
Leticia Reina is Research Professor at the Dirección de Estudios Historicos of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia in Mexico City. She is the author of Los retos de la etnicidad en los estados-nacion del siglo XXI.
John Tutino is Associate Professor and Chair of the History Department at Georgetown University. He is author of From Insurrection to Revolution in Mexico: Social Bases of Agrarian Violence, 1750–1940.
Table of ContentsPreface: Debating History to Face the Present and Imagine the Future / John Tutino vi
Abbreviations of Mexican Political Organizations xiii
Introduction: Crises, Reforms, and Revolutions in Mexico, Past and Present / Leticia Reina, Elisa Servin, and John Tutino 1
Part 1. Communities
Of Tempests and Teapots: Imperial Crisis and Local Conflict in Mexico at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century / Eric Van Young 23
The Two-Faced Janus: The Pueblos and the Origins of Mexican Liberalism / Antonio Annino 60
Local Elections and Regime Crises: The Political Culture of Indigenous Peoples / Leticia Reina 91
Part II. Revolutions
Mexico from Independence to Revolution: The Mutations of Liberalism / Francois-Xavier Guerra 129
Mexico’s Three Fin de Siecle Crises / Alan Knight 153
International Wars, Mexico, and U.S. Hegemony / Friedrich Katz 184
The Revolutionary Capacity of Rural Communities: Ecological Autonomy and Its Demise / John Tutino 211
Part III. Contemporary Crisis
The Second Coming of Mexican Liberalism: A Comparative Perspective / Lorenzo Meye 271
Civil Society and Popular Resistance: Mexico at the end of the Twentieth Century / Guierrmo de la Pena 305
The Left in the Neoliberal Era / Enrique Semo 346
Another Turn of the Screw: Toward a New Political Order / Elisa Servin 363