Designing to Heal: Planning and Urban Design Response to Disaster and Conflict

Designing to Heal: Planning and Urban Design Response to Disaster and Conflict

by Jenny Donovan

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Overview

Designing to Heal explores what happens to communities that have suffered disasters, either natural or man-made, and what planners and urban designers can do to give the affected communities the best possible chance of recovery. It examines the relationship that people have with their surroundings and the profound disruption to people's lives that can occur when that relationship is violently changed; when the familiar settings for their lives are destroyed and family, friends and neighbours are displaced, incapacitated or killed. The book offers a model of the healing process, outlining the emotional journey that people go on as they struggle to rebuild their lives. It outlines the characteristics of the built environment that may facilitate people to travel as smoothly as possible down this road to recovery and suggests elements of the design process that can help achieve this goal. Designing to Heal highlights the importance of thinking about urban design as a way of nurturing hope and creating the optimal conditions to achieve social objectives.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780643106482
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Publication date: 04/22/2013
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 320
File size: 18 MB
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About the Author

Jenny Donovan is the principal of the urban design practice Inclusive Design and has a particular interest in designing to address social exclusion and creating environments within which people can thrive. Her insights draw from her work in post-war and postdisaster situations in Kosovo, Sri Lanka and Ethiopia, and studies in Australia, Northern Ireland, New York, Montserrat and elsewhere.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1: Introduction
About this book
The relationship between people and place
Providing for human habitat
The focus on cities
Urban design
Understanding disasters
Why is responding to disasters an important and growing issue?

Chapter 2: The high cost of living
The changed relationship between people and place
Emotional/psychological effects
The fuzzy edges of disasters
Loss of potential
The implications for planning and urban design
The silver lining – the positive effects of disasters

Chapter 3: Recovering from disaster
The timeline of disaster recovery
Factors that influence the healing process
Resilience and adaptive capacity
Resilience and social capital
Uncertainty
Division and reconciliation
Unintended consequences
Displacement
Disasters and echo disasters
Hope – light at the end of the tunnel or an oncoming train?

Chapter 4: Sixteen acres in Manhattan
Background
The impacts of the disaster
Community responses
Deciding the future of the site
The memorial garden
The museum
Observations about the process
Observations about the design
Conclusions

Chapter 5: Rebuilding political, social and human capital on Montserrat
Timeline of disaster
The impact of the disaster on the community
Responding to the crisis
Rehousing the displaced people
Conclusions

Chapter 6: Building bridges out of flags, murals, a prison and a shopping centre in Belfast
Background
Progressive space and regressive space
Housing issues
Putting the divisions into perspective
Overcoming the legacy of the Troubles
Belfast Flags of Hope
The Re-imaging Communities program
Mary McKee – putting the jigsaw together
SLIG and the Stewartstown Road Regeneration Project

Chapter 7: Providing hope for children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
Hope for Children projects
Hope for Children Village
Fast food outlet and village green
School of St Yared

Chapter 8: Giving new meaning to a tsunami-devastated beach, Hambantota, Sri Lanka
Goal
Objectives
Hambantota Beach Park
The Beach Concept Plan
The proposals
Outcomes
Understanding local ways of getting things done

Chapter 9: Loss and identity, rebuilding communities and buildings after the Victorian bush fires
Kinglake and Marysville
The conditions leading up to Black Saturday
The fire
The aftermath
The responses
Max Ginn – temporary villages
Rebuilding advisors
Rebuilding Advisory Centres
Narbethong Community Hall
El Kanah
Memorials
Experiences of the recovery
Conclusions

Chapter 10: Designing to heal
Who is responsible for ‘designing to heal’?
Who are we designing for?
Time
The balance of factors that encourage or discourage community life
Efficiency
Build back better
Planning to heal
Typical ‘designing to heal’ process

Chapter 11: The characteristics of places that are designed to heal
Providing opportunity
Places that invite occupation
Resonance
Polyvalence
Flexibility
Connectivity
Reassurance
Lessons learnt

References
Appendix 1: Interview with Tony McHugh: facilitating the healing process
Appendix 2: Murrindindi Shire memorials guidelines
Index

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