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CL Engineering
Engineering Fundamentals: An Introduction to Engineering / Edition 5

Engineering Fundamentals: An Introduction to Engineering / Edition 5

by Saeed Moaveni


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Engineering Fundamentals: An Introduction to Engineering / Edition 5

Students entering engineering programs should gain competency in several areas during the freshman year. Aside from answering the question of whether they really want to study engineering, students must, if they are to be successful, gain an understanding of basic scientific principles, use of computer tools, approaches to engineering problems, and basic study skills. If students do not develop a solid foundation in these critical skills early in their academic career, they will struggle in upper level courses or turn their back on engineering.Saeed Moaveni's new book is designed to give students an overview of these skills at the freshman level. Often, students do not grasp the importance of developing good study skills and, consequently, will struggle in later courses as a result. This book introduces students to basic study skills while also introducing the engineering discipline in the early chapters. Having thoroughly prepared students, the author then introduces basic principles, physical laws, engineering materials, computer tools, and engineering standards and codes at a basic level so students comprehend the importance of these topics.The book features examples from everyday situations, providing students with a meaningful context in which to learn hard-to-grasp topics. Examples of how the skills being learned are applied to different fields of engineering are supported by the opportunity to apply these skills in hands-on exercises. Throughout the text, Moaveni emphasizes strategies for solving engineering problems as well as the importance of communication skills in terms of writing technical reports or memos, and giving oral presentations. Moaveni's writing style isstudent-friendly and his "Observe the World Around You" feature is an excellent and unique way to introduce new ideas to beginning engineering students.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901305084765
Publisher: CL Engineering
Publication date: 01/01/2015
Series: Activate Learning with these NEW titles from Engineering! Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 816
Product dimensions: 7.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Dr. Saeed Moaveni, P.E., is a successful author, instructor, and engineering professional. Dr. Moaveni has nearly 30 years of experience in teaching, research, and consulting in mechanical and civil engineering related areas, including inverse problems, solar and renewable energy technology, geophysical problems and education. He has taught at Colorado State University, University of South Carolina, Syracuse University, Norwich University and Minnesota State University. He also has been invited abroad as a visiting professor at numerous universities. Dr. Moaveni has received the Jack Cermak Distinguished Professor Fellowship and the American Society of Engineering Education Young (New) Faculty Award. He has served as Dean of the David Crawford School of Engineering at Norwich University and Chair of the Mechanical and Civil Engineering Department at Minnesota State University. Dr. Moaveni is a licensed professional engineer in the State of New York and a member of the American Society for Engineering Education, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Society of Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Engineers and the Council on Undergraduate Research.

Table of Contents

Preface     iii
Engineering-An Exciting Profession     2
Introduction to the Engineering Profession     4
Engineering Work Is All Around You     5
Engineering as a Profession and Common Traits of Good Engineers     8
Common Traits of Good Engineers     9
Engineering Disciplines     12
Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET)     14
Professional Profile     23
Summary     23
Problems     23
Impromptu Design I     26
Preparing for an Engineering Career     27
Making the Transition from High School to College     28
Budgeting Your Time     28
Daily Studying and Preparation     31
Get Involved with an Engineering Organization     36
Your Graduation Plan     37
Other Considerations     37
Student Profile     38
Professional Profile     39
Summary     40
Problems     40
Introduction to Engineering Design     41
Engineering Design Process     42
Engineering Economics     48
Material Selection     49
Teamwork     51
Common Traits of Good Teams     52
Conflict Resolution     53
Project Scheduling and Task Chart     53
Evaluating Alternatives     55
Patent, Trademark, and Copyright     56
Engineering Standards and Codes     57
Examples of Standards and Codes Organizations in the United States     60
Examples of International Standards and Codes     62
Drinking Water Standards in the United States     67
Outdoor Air Quality Standards in the United States     68
Indoor Air Quality Standards in the United States     70
Summary     72
Problems     73
Impromptu Design II     75
Engineering Communication     81
Communication Skills and Presentation of Engineering Work     82
Basic Steps Involved in the Solution of Engineering Problems     82
Homework Presentation     85
Progress Report, Executive Summary, and Short Memos     87
Detailed Technical Report     87
Oral Communication and Presentation     90
PowerPoint Presentation     91
Engineering Graphical Communication     100
Summary     101
Problems     102
Engineering Ethics     105
Engineering Ethics     106
The Code of Ethics of the National Society of Professional Engineers     107
Code of Ethics for Engineers     107
Engineer's Creed     111
Summary     117
Problem     117
Engineering Ethics: A Case Study from NSPE     120
Engineering Fundamentals-Concepts Every Engineer Should Know     124
Fundamental Dimensions and Units     126
Engineering Problems and Fundamental Dimensions     127
Systems of Units     128
Unit Conversion     134
Dimensional Homogeneity     136
Numerical versus Symbolic Solutions     138
Significant Digits (Figures)     139
Engineering Components and Systems     141
Physical Laws of Observations in Engineering     143
Summary     146
Problems     147
Length and Length-Related Parameters     152
Length as a Fundamental Dimension     153
Measurement of Length     157
Nominal Sizes versus Actual Sizes     160
Radians as Ratio of Two Lengths     163
Strain as Ratio of Two Lengths     163
Area      163
Volume     172
Second Moment of Areas     177
Summary     182
Problems     183
Impromptu Design III     188
An Engineering Marvel: The New York City Water Tunnel No. 3     189
Time and Time-Related Parameters     195
Time as a Fundamental Dimension     196
Measurement of Time     198
Periods and Frequencies     201
Flow of Traffic     203
Parameters Involving Length and Time     205
Angular Motion     212
Professional Profile     214
Summary     215
Problems     215
Mass and Mass-Related Parameters     218
Mass as a Fundamental Dimension     219
Measurement of Mass     222
Density, Specific Volume, and Specific Gravity     222
Mass Flow Rate     224
Mass Moment of Inertia     224
Momentum     227
Conservation of Mass     229
Summary     232
Problems     232
Impromptu Design IV     235
Force and Force-Related Parameters     236
What We Mean by Force     237
Newton's Laws in Mechanics      241
Pressure and Stress-Force Acting Over an Area     244
Modulus of Elasticity, Modulus of Rigidity, and Bulk Modulus of Compressibility     256
Moment, Torque-Forces Acting at a Distance     264
Work-Force Acting Over a Distance     268
Linear Impulse-Forces Acting Over Time     269
Summary     271
Problems     271
Impromptu Design V     277
An Engineering Marvel: Caterpillar 797 Mining Truck     278
Temperature and Temperature-Related Parameters     282
Temperature as a Fundamental Dimension     283
Measurement of Temperature and Its Units     286
Temperature Difference and Heat Transfer     293
Thermal Comfort, Metabolic Rate, and Clothing Insulation     306
Some Temperature-Related Materials Properties     309
Heating Values of Fuels     312
Professional Profile     314
Summary     315
Problems     315
Electric Current and Related Parameters     319
Electric Current as a Fundamental Dimension     320
Voltage     321
Direct Current and Alternating Current     323
Electric Circuits and Components     326
Electric Motors     334
Professional Profile     337
Summary     337
Problems     338
Energy and Power     341
Work, Mechanical Energy, Thermal Energy     342
Conservation of Energy-First Law of Thermodynamics     348
Understanding What We Mean by Power     350
Watts and Horsepower     351
Efficiency     355
Student Profile     362
Professional Profile     363
Summary     364
Problems     364
Impromptu Design VI     366
An Engineering Marvel: Hoover Dam     367
Computational Engineering Tools-Using Available Software to Solve Engineering Problems     370
Electronic Spreadsheets     372
Microsoft Excel-Basic Ideas     373
Cells and Their Addresses     374
Creating Formulas in Excel     376
Using Excel Functions     383
Using Excel Logical Functions     387
Plotting with Excel     389
Matrix Computation with Excel     400
Curve Fitting with Excel     407
Summary     411
Problems     412
MATLAB      419
MATLAB-Basic Ideas     420
Using MATLAB Built-in Functions     429
Plotting with MATLAB     438
Importing Excel and Other Data Files into MATLAB     445
Matrix Computations with MATLAB     447
Curve Fitting with MATLAB     450
Symbolic Mathematics with MATLAB     451
Professional Profile     454
Summary     455
Problems     455
Engineering Graphical Communication-Conveying Information to Other Engineers, Machinists, Technicans, and Managers     460
Engineering Drawings and Symbols     462
Importance of Engineering Drawing     463
Orthographic Views     464
Dimensioning and Tolerancing     467
Isometric View     469
Sectional Views     472
Civil, Electrical, and Electronic Drawings     476
Solid Modeling     476
Why Do We Need Engineering Symbols?     433
Examples of Common Symbols used in Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering     485
Summary     487
Problems     487
An Engineering Marvel: Boeing 777 Commercial Airplane     493
Engineering Material Selection-An Important Design Decision      498
Engineering Materials     500
Material Selection     501
Electrical, Mechanical, and Thermophysical Properties of Materials     503
Some Common Solid Engineering Materials     509
Some Common Fluid Materials     519
Professional Profile     521
Summary     522
Problems     522
Impromptu Design VII     525
An Engineering Marvel: The Jet Engine     526
Mathematics, Statistics, and Engineering Economics-Why are they Important?     530
Mathematics in Engineering     532
Mathematical Symbols and Greek Alphabet     533
Linear Models     535
Nonlinear Models     541
Exponential and Logarithmic Models     546
Matrix Algebra     551
Calculus     562
Differential Equations     570
Summary     572
Problems     573
Probability and Statistics in Engineering     577
Probability-Basic Ideas     578
Statistics-Basic Ideas     579
Frequency Distributions     580
Measures of Central Tendency Variation-Mean, Median, and Standard Deviation     582
Normal Distribution      587
Summary     594
Problems     594
Engineering Economics     597
Cash Flow Diagram     598
Simple and Compound Interest     599
Future Worth of a Present Amount     600
Effective Interest Rate     603
Present Worth of Future Amount     605
Present Worth of Series Payment or Annuity     605
Future Worth of Series Payment     606
Summary of Engineering Economics Analysis     609
Choosing the Best Alternatives-Decision Making     613
Summary     617
Problems     617
Appendix     620
Credits     625
Index     626

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