In recent years, linguists have increasingly turned to the cognitive sciences to broaden their investigation into the roots and development of language. With the advent of cognitive-linguistic, usage-based and complex-adaptive models of language, linguists today are utilizing approaches and insights from cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, social psychology and other related fields.
A key result of this interdisciplinary approach is the concept of entrenchmentthe ongoing reorganization and adaptation of communicative knowledge. Entrenchment posits that our linguistic knowledge is continuously refreshed and reorganized under the influence of social interactions. It is part of a larger, ongoing process of lifelong cognitive reorganization whose course and quality is conditioned by exposure to and use of language, and by the application of cognitive abilities and processes to language.
This volume enlists more than two dozen experts in the fields of linguistics, psycholinguistics, neurology, and cognitive psychology in providing a realistic picture of the psychological and linguistic foundations of language. Contributors examine the psychological foundations of linguistic entrenchment processes, and the role of entrenchment in first-language acquisition, second language learning, and language attrition. Critical views of entrenchment and some of its premises and implications are discussed from the perspective of dynamic complexity theory and radical embodied cognitive science.
About the Author
Hans-Jörg Schmid, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.
Table of Contents
Introduction Hans-Jörg Schmid 3
I Setting the Scene
1 A Framework for Understanding Linguistic Entrenchment and its Psychological Foundations Hans-Jörg Schmid 9
II Linguistic Perspectives on Entrenchment
2 Entrenchment in Cognitive Grammar Ronald W. Langacker 39
3 Entrenchment in Construction Grammar Martin Hilpert Holger Diessel 57
4 Entrenchment Effects in Language Change Hendrik De Smet 75
5 The Corpus-Based Perspective on Entrenchment Anatol Stefanowitsch Susanne Flach 101
6 Entrenchment From a Psycho linguistic and Neurolinguistic Perspective Alice Blumenthal-Dramé 129
7 Entrenchment as Onomasiological Salience Dirk Geeraerts 153
III Cognitive Foundations of Linguistic Entrenchment Processes
8 Memory Consolidation Atsuko Takashima Iske Bakker 177
9 On the Automaticity of Language Processing Robert J. Hartsuiker Agnes Moors 201
10 Statistical Learning as a Domain-General Mechanism of Entrenchment Ethan Jost Morten H. Christiansen 227
11 Entrenchment, Gestalt Formation, and Chunking Fernand Gobet 245
12 The Roles of Analogy, Categorization, and Generalization in Entrenchment Anne-Kristin Cordes 269
13 Salience, Attention, and Perception Franziska Günther Hermann J. Müller Thomas Geyer 289
IV Entrenchment in Language Learning and Language Attrition
14 Entrenchment in First Language Learning Anna L. Theakston 315
15 Entrenchment in Second-Language Learning Brian MacWhinney 343
16 Entrenchment and Language Attrition Rasmus Steinkrauss Monika S. Schmid 367
V Deconstructing Entrenchment
17 Entrenchment, Embeddedness, and Entanglement: A Dynamic Complexity View Philip Herdina 387
18 Entrenchment: A View From Radical Embodied Cognitive Science Stephen J. Cowley 409
19 Linguistic Entrenchment and Its Psychological Foundations Hans-Jörg Schmid 435
About the Editor 475