European Disposal Operations: The Sea Disposal of Chemical Weapons

European Disposal Operations: The Sea Disposal of Chemical Weapons

by H Lindsey Arison III
European Disposal Operations: The Sea Disposal of Chemical Weapons

European Disposal Operations: The Sea Disposal of Chemical Weapons

by H Lindsey Arison III


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Ticking Time Bomb. Between 1946 and 1990, on the order of 754,975 tons (over 1.5 billion pounds or 684 million kilograms) of chemical weapons were disposed in European waters. At least 21 European Nations are now potentially at risk because of the expected toxic effect on marine life and the food chain.

Critical research revealed in over 400 print pages contains 111 images including 23 declassified TOP SECRET, SECRET, CONFIDENTIAL, and RESTRICTED documents, 40 photographs, and 17 maps.

Principal Chapters:
• Evolution of Plans for the Disposition of Captured Chemical Weapons
• Accounting of All Captured Chemical Weapons
• Accounting of All Sea-Disposed Chemical Weapons
• Locations of the Scuttled Ships
• Estimated Total Chemical Warfare Agents Disposed in European Waters
• Legal Responsibilities of States
• Conclusion and The Imperative for an International Strategy

"Bottom Line"
The environmental and public health problems facing European nations incident to the anticipated release of potentially massive amounts of slowly hydrolyzing nerve and blister agents into the marine environment are more critical and urgent than generally supposed. Increased incidents of human and marine injury in recent years have convinced many the threat of chemical poisons leaking from the deteriorating shells, canisters, and containers on the ocean floor is an imminent and insoluble problem.

The fundamental premise of this study is that when the these sea disposals occurred, dumping of toxic CW into the ocean was the preferred disposal method and was not an act of malevolence or ill will. Such dumping was not prohibited and the effect on the environment was simply not considered important at that time. It is therefore not the intent of this book to affix blame or culpability.

Rather, a detailed analysis of principal findings underscores the imperative for an international strategy and a proposal for international collaboration and cooperation in addressing the potential problem is advanced.

Key Links:

The Institute for Sea-Disposed Chemical Weapons:

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781490927657
Publisher: CreateSpace Publishing
Publication date: 09/30/2013
Pages: 430
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.87(d)

About the Author

Lindsey Arison's extensive professional experience includes key assignments with The U.S. Joint Staff, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, NATO, U.S. House of Representatives, White House/Office of Management and Budget, Army, Air Force, and industry. 17 of his over 43 years of Federal service were spent in the Pentagon and was there during the 9/11 attack.

While on active duty, Lieutenant Colonel Arison was assigned at Forts Benning, Bragg, Sill, Benjamin Harrison, Gillem, and McPherson; Patrick Air Force Base, and the United States Military Academy. He also served in Germany (3d Infantry Division and HQ, US Army Europe) and in Korea (HQ, US Army Garrison, Camp Humphreys). Concluding his uniformed service in the Army Reserve, his capstone assignment was Acting Commander of the Capitol Hill Reserve Detachment. A disabled veteran, Lindsey also served as Commander of the largest chapter of the Disabled American Veterans (DAV) in the state of Virginia.

Lindsey received his commission from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1973 where he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in general engineering. He also holds a master of public administration degree from Harvard University and a master of science in systems management from the University of Southern California. His doctoral research is in environmental science and policy focusing on the sea disposal of chemical weapons. In 2010 he established the Institute for Sea-Disposed Chemical Weapons.
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