Every Reader a Close Reader: Expand and Deepen Close Reading in Your Classroom

Every Reader a Close Reader: Expand and Deepen Close Reading in Your Classroom

by Samantha Cleaver


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Close reading, the purposeful, focused reading and rereading of text, is more than an education buzzword. Every Reader, a Close Reader defines and unpacks the components of close reading and explores how to apply it within the context of the Common Core State Standards so that every student will be able to implement close reading strategies in class and independently. Drawing expertise and ideas from research, as well as teachers from across the country, Every Reader, a Close Reader serves as both an instructional guide and professional development tool for classroom teachers and instructional leaders to use when starting or strengthening close reading at the classroom level. In addition, this book includes chapters that focus on developing the close reading skills of students who are struggling readers, English language learners, or gifted learners.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781475814743
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 08/13/2015
Pages: 236
Sales rank: 1,096,586
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Samantha Cleaver has worked in education for more than a decade as a special education teacher and instructional coach. As a coach, Cleaver has worked with middle grade teachers and school leaders to focus and strengthen reading instruction.

Table of Contents


About the Author

·Close Reading: The Best Reading You Can Do
·Reading Theory: A Brief History
·Close Reading and the Middle School Reader
·Every Reader a Close Reader Overview oIn This Book oUsing This Book
·WeAreTeachers Survey
·Getting Started: Understanding Yourself as a Reader
Chapter 1: Close Reading and the Common Core

·Introduction to the Common Core State Standards oKey Points
·Using the Common Core ELA Standards
·Close Reading and the Common Core oKey Points
·What’s Different? The Shifts in the Common Core oShift 1: Balancing Informational and Literary Text
§Shift 1: Implications for Close Reading oShift 2: Knowledge in the Disciplines
§Shift 2: Implications for Close Reading oShift 3: The Staircase of Complexity
§Shift 3: Implications for Close Reading oShift 4: Text-Based Answers
§Shift 4: Implications for Close Reading oShift 5: Writing From Sources
§Shift 5: Implications for Close Reading oShift 6: Academic Vocabulary
§Shift 6: Implications for Close Reading oKey Points
·Writing Close Reading Objectives oKey Points
·Next Step: Getting Ready to Read
Chapter 2: Getting Complex: Selecting and Using Close Reading Texts

·Reading Complex Texts: A Gatekeeper Skill oKey Points
·Defining Text Complexity oQuantitative Measures oQualitative Measures oInterpretive Complexity: Reader and Task Considerations oKey Points
·Planning to Use Complex Texts oSelecting Perfect Passages in Literature oSelecting Perfect Passages in Informational Text oChoosing Multiple Texts oKey Points
·Gaining Purpose
Chapter 3: Setting the Stage: Welcome Students to Text and Set a Purpose for Reading

·The Purpose Behind the Purpose oKey Points
·Welcoming Students to The Text: A Case for Frontloading oKey Points
·Using Questions to Set a Purpose for Reading oCreating Text-Based Essential Questions
§Should Questions oKey Points
·Purpose Setting to Dig Deep oFirst Reading: Comprehension Seeking oSecond Reading: Analyze the Text oThird Reading: Digging Deeper oKey Points
·Making Every Reading Purposeful
Chapter 4: Talking to Text: Enhance Student Comprehension through Text-Dependent Questions and Annotation

·Crafting Text-Dependent Questions oKey Points oCreating Sequences of TDQs oKey Points
·Annotation: Talking to Text oKey Points
·Citing Text oQuotations oParaphrasing oKey Points
·Citing Evidence from Multiple Texts oKey Points
·Using Text Evidence
Chapter 5: Applying Close Reading: Create Dialogue and Craft Arguments

·Logic, Evidence and Critical Thinking: Defining Argument oKey Points
·Crafting Argument oLogos, Ethos, and Pathos oKey Points
·Dialogic Discussion oKey Points oFacilitating Discussion oSetting Norms for Discussion: Accountable Talk oKey Points
·Writing Argument oKey Points
·Building Student Ownership
Chapter 6: Letting Students Lead: Create Ownership over Close Reading

·Transfer of Close Reading Skills oKey Points
·Identifying Student Strengths oKey Points
·Applying the Gradual Release Model to Close Reading oKey Points
·Getting Specific: Releasing Various Aspects of Close Reading oStudent-Selected Texts oStudent-Created Questions oIndependent Annotation oStudent-Led Discussion
·Building the Foundation
Chapter 7: Leveling the Field: Empower Struggling Readers with Close Reading

·The Common Core and Special Education oProvide Multiple Means of Representation oProvide Multiple Means of Action and Expression oProvide Multiple Means of Engagement oKey Points
·Understanding Why Students Struggle with Close Reading oKey Points
·Planning and Leading Close Reading Lessons for Struggling Readers oWorking with Complex Text
§Accessing Complex Text in the General Education Classrom
§Accessing Complex Text in the Resource Classroom oQuestioning oInteracting with Text: Annotation and Citing Text Evidence oDiscussion and Writing
·Leveling the Playing Field
Chapter 8: Engage English Language Learners in Close Reading

·English Language Learners and Close Reading in the Common Core oLearning Academic Vocabulary oEngaging in Higher Order Thinking oOpportunities to Interact oKey Points
·Strategies to Plan and Lead Close Reading with English Language Learners oWorking with Text oQuestioning and Citing Text Evidence oParticipating in Discussion oArgument Writing
·Close Reading with ELLs
Chapter 9: Raise the Bar: Challenging High-Achieving and Gifted Learners in Close Reading
·Gifted Students, the Common Core, and Close Reading oThe Common Core and Gifted Students oA Framework for Gifted Students oKey Points
·Planning and Leading Close Reading for Gifted Learners oWorking with Complex Text oReading (and Rereading) for Purpose oParticipating in Discussion oWriting Argument oExecutive Functioning
·Keeping Close Reading a Challenge
Chapter 10: The Ultimate Question: Assessing Close Reading

·Developing Effective Formative Assessment oQuestioning oObservation oWriting oKey Points
·Using Formative Assessment Information oGiving Effective Feedback
§Deep Feedback
§Impression Feedback oKey Points
·Summative Assessment oUsing Rubrics oClose Reading and Standardized Tests oKey Points
A Worthwhile Task

Appendix A: The MDR/WeAreTeachers Close Reading Survey

·Planning and Text Selection
·Setting a Purpose for Reading
·Annotation and Working with Text
·Respondent Demographics
Appendix B: Literature for Close Reading in Middle School

·Works of Literature: Novels
·Works of Literature: Short Stories
·Works of Literature: Poetry
·Picture Books for Middle School Readers
·Nonfiction: Books
·Nonfiction: Articles and Shorter Texts
·Nonfiction: Primary Sources
Appendix C: Lesson Plans

·Lesson Plan 4.1: Declaration of Sentiments
·Lesson Plan 4.2: Letters between John and Abigail Adams
·Lesson Plan 7.1: 6th Mass Extinction
·Lesson Plan 8.1: Oranges by Gary Soto
Appendix D: Additional Tools

·Tool 1.1: Common Core Shifts: Self-Assessment
·Tool 2.1: Planning for Levels of Complexity in Text
·Tool 3.1: Survey: Why do Students Read?
·Tool 4.1: Annotation Self-Reflection
·Tool 5.1: Assess Students’ Argument Skills
·Tool 5.2: Dialogic Classroom Rating Scale
·Tool 5.3: Argument Writing Foldable
·Tool 6.1: Assess Student Readiness
·Tool 6.2: Assess Student Strengths
·Tool 6.3: Student Discussion Rating Scale
·Tool 7.1: Struggling Reader Needs Assessment
·Tool 8.1: ELL Needs Assessment
·Tool 9.1: Gifted Student Needs Assessment
·Tool 10.1: Format for a Dual Feedback Form


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