Genesis: The Evolution of Biology
Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

by Jan Sapp

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Overview

Genesis: The Evolution of Biology presents a history of the past two centuries of biology, suitable for use in courses, but of interest more broadly to evolutionary biologists, geneticists, and biomedical scientists, as well as general readers interested in the history of science. The book covers the early evolutionary biologists-Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin and Wallace through Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis, in much the same way as other histories of evolution have done, bringing in also the social implications, the struggles with our religious understanding, and the interweaving of genetics into evolutionary theory. What is novel about Sapp's account is a real integration of the cytological tradition, from Schwann, Boveri, and the other early cell biologists and embryologists, and the coverage of symbiosis, microbial evolutionary phylogenies, and the new understanding of the diversification of life coming from comparative analyses of complete microbial genomes. The book is a history of theories about evolution, genes and organisms from Lamarck and Darwin to the present day. This is the first book on the general history of evolutionary biology to include the history of research and theories about symbiosis in evolution, and first to include research on microbial evolution which were excluded from the classical neo-Darwinian synthesis. Bacterial evolution, and symbiosis in evolution are also excluded from virtually every book on the history of biology.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780198035503
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 09/11/2003
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 586 KB

About the Author

Universite du Quebec a Montreal

Table of Contents

Part IEvolution and Morphology
1.Evolution and Revolution3
Two Worldviews4
Revolution to Evolution5
Lamarckian Myths6
Simple to Complex8
Disconnecting the Unity of Life11
The Cuvier-Geoffroy Debate13
2.The Origin16
When Making Other Plans17
Darwin's Bible18
The Beagle Voyage20
Natural Selection and Natural Theology22
Wallace's Manuscript24
Concepts of The Origin26
3.Darwin's Champions31
Man's Place in Nature31
Natural Theology and Agnosticism33
Archetype and Idealism35
Ontogeny and Phylogeny36
Materialism for Mysticism40
4.Darwinism and Sociopolitical Thought43
Laissez-faire44
Social Darwinism Exported46
War and Racism47
Darwinism on the Left48
Was Darwin a Social Darwinist?49
Social Theory in Evolution50
The Division of Labor50
Darwin and Malthus52
5.Mutualism55
Anarchism55
Between Individuals57
Between Species58
Roots in Natural Theology61
6.Dissent from Darwin63
Is the Earth Old Enough?64
Blending Inheritance64
What Is a Species?65
Speciation and Isolation66
Is Everything Adapted?66
Holes in the Record67
Neo-Lamarckism68
Orthogenesis69
Saltationism71
Part IIThe Cell in Development and Heredity
7.The Myth of the Cell Theory75
An Historical Paradox75
Cells from Cells77
More than Meets the Eye78
Vitalism, Materialism, and Spontaneous Generation80
8.The Body Politic82
The Cell State82
The Dawn of Protistology85
A Cell Is Not a Cell86
What's in a Word87
Organisms within Organisms90
Weismannism91
9.Evolving Embryology95
Technical Virtuosity96
The Organism as a Whole98
Epigenesis and Preformation100
10.The Egg103
The Body Plan in the Egg104
Maternal Inheritance106
Cellular Differentiation109
Cytoplasmic Evolution112
Part IIIGenetics and the Classical Synthesis
11.Mendel Palimpsest117
Mendel's Laws118
Neglect and Rediscovery119
Making a Discoverer121
Why Multiple Meanings?122
Geneticists versus Statisticians124
Mendel Made Darwinian126
Is the Scientific Paper Fiction?126
12.Emerging Genetics130
The Field of Heredity130
Genotype and Phenotype134
Disciplinary Design135
Biology out of Balance138
Are Genes Real?140
13.Darwinian Renaissance143
Merging Mendelism144
The Importance of Sex146
Population Genetics147
Random Drift and Nonadaptive Change149
The Species Problem151
Microevolution as Macroevolution152
Lessons of Synthesis154
14.Genes, Germs, and Enzymes157
The Garrod Tale158
Physiology and Genetics158
Early Gene-Enzyme Associations160
The One-Gene: One-Enzyme Hypothesis161
Domesticating Microbes163
The Chosen Few164
The Rockefeller Foundation168
15.Genetic Heresy and the Cold War171
Non-Darwinian Development173
Plasmon to Plasmagenes174
The Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics176
University Politics179
Morgan's Smile181
Part IVMolecular Biology and Organismic Complexity
16.Conceiving a Master Molecule187
DNA or Protein?188
Transformation and Transduction189
Chromatography191
X-Ray Crystallography192
Digital DNA194
Transcription and Translation196
Turning Genes On and Off197
Classical Doctrines of Molecular Biology198
17.Beyond the Genome201
Complexity and the Human Genome203
A Genetic Plan?205
Confronting Old Dogmas206
Cell Architecture and Spatial Information207
Field Heredity211
Epinucleic Inheritance214
18.Molecular Evolution and Microbial Phylogeny217
Precambrian Explosion218
Molecular Clocks220
The Origin of the Code221
A Code for Classification224
A Trilogy of Life225
Dissension and Disaffection228
Lateral Gene Transfer230
19.Symbiomics234
Developmental Symbiosis235
Symbiosis Silhouette236
Why It Has Been Difficult to Imagine240
Toward a Unified Theory243
Symbiogenetic Renaissance245
Macroevolutionary Change247
20.The Evolution of Relationships252
The Individual and the Group253
Kin Selection255
The Organism as a Beehive255
The Lessons of Sociobiology257
About Just-So Stories258
Symbiotic Ties261
Epilogue267
Notes273
Index347

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