Essay from the year 2005 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, grade: 1, Copenhagen Business School, 11 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Today, the American political system resembles more a pluralist than a majoritarian form of government. Policymaking is a cumulative result of the interaction between interest groups and the Government. The legislative procedure is affected by tensions between the executive, the legislature, and constituencies. The clash between pluralism and majoritarianism is clearly visible. 'In a society of nearly 300 million people divided into thousands of subcultures [...], lobby groups expand democracy by letting minority groups and interests be heard over the simple arithmetic of a winner-take-all voting system of majority rule.' While pluralists consider constituencies a good thing, a public survey reveals that two thirds of all Americans regard lobbying as a threat to democracy. The main accusation is that the weal of the electorate as a whole is sacrificed in favour of very special interest.