Integrating Human Rights into Development, Second Edition: Donor Approaches, Experiences, and Challenges

Integrating Human Rights into Development, Second Edition: Donor Approaches, Experiences, and Challenges


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Integrating Human Rights into Development, Second Edition: Donor Approaches, Experiences, and Challenges by OECD, World Bank

The past two decades have witnessed a convergence between human rights and development, particularly at the level of international political statements and policy commitments. This phenomenon is captured in milestones such as the 2007 OECD DAC Action Oriented Policy Paper on Human Rights and Development ("AOPP"), the 2010 UN World Summit Outcome Document, the commitments of the 2005 and 2011 High-Level For an Aid Effectiveness in Accra and Busan. The connections between rights violations, poverty, exclusion, environmental degradation, vulnerability and conflict continue to be explored and better understood. More positively, there is growing recognition of the intrinsic importance of human rights in a range of contexts, as well as their potential instrumental relevance for improving development processes and outcomes.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780821396216
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Publication date: 03/07/2013
Pages: 308
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword xiii

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xxi

Abbreviations xxv

Overview xxix

Part I Analytical Perspectives 1

1 Donor Policies and Rationales 3

Policies 3

Rationales 4

Legal and Policy Considerations 11

From Policy to Practice 17

References 17

1 Donor Approaches to Development Programming 23

Human Rights-Based Approaches 25

Human Rights Mainstreaming 26

Human Rights Dialogue and Conditionality 44

Human Rights Projects and Global Initiatives 48

Implicit Human Rights Work 53

Findings and Issues for Further Consideration 59

References 61

3 Preliminary Lessons: Integrating Human Rights Dimensions, Principles, and Obligations 69

Intrinsic Value: Human Rights as a Legal Obligation 69

Instrumental Value 74

Other Operational Benefits 85

Adaptability to Different Political and Cultural Environments 89

Findings and Issues for Further Consideration 89

References 91

4 Challenges and Opportunities 95

Institutionalization 95

Development Partnerships between Donors and Partner Countries 107

Key International Reference Points 112

Aid Allocations and Aid Modalities 123

Policy Coherence 125

Budgetary Challenges 129

Findings and Issues for Further Consideration 130

References 134

Part II Case Studies 141

5 The Realization of Human Rights Policies 143


International Financial Institutions 149

European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) 150

CIDA: Implementation of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act 153

Sida-Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency 154

DFID-U.K. Department for International Development 163

BMZ-German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 167

Private Sector Initiatives 171

References 173

6 Experiences Applying Tools 179

UN Common Country Assessments and Development Assistance Frameworks 179

Universal Periodic Review 187

MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF) 188

A Human Rights-Based Approach to Achieve the Maternal Health Millennium Development Goal 189

The UN Population Fund's (UNFPA) Culturally Sensitive Health Programming 192

UNIFEM's Guide to Results-Based Management 194

New Zealand Aid Programme's Human Rights Policy Implementation Plan 195

References 197

7 Experiences from Country Programs 199

UNICEF's Country Program in Vietnam 199

Sida's Kenya Program 203

DFID's Rights-Based Programming in Peru 206

References 211

8 Experiences from Specific Projects and Programs 213

SDC-UNICEF Girl Child Project in Pakistan 213

UNIFEM's Women's Rights to Land in Central Asia Program 215

BMZ-Funded Kenyan-German Cooperation in the Water Sector 217

Implementation of the DAC Action-Oriented Policy Paper on Human Rights and Development 219

Nordic Trust Fund Grants 226

Finnish Rights-Based Approach Applied to Rural Village Water Resources Management Project in Nepal 228

DFID Right to Identity Project in Bolivia 230

From the Rule of Law to Access to Justice 231

CIDA's Approach to Child Protection 234

Minority Rights Policies and Programs 237

Development for All: A Disability-Inclusive

Australian Aid Program 238

A Human Rights-Based Approach to Water Programming 239

References 241

Appendix 1 The Human Rights-Based Approach to Development Co-operation-Towards a Common Understanding among UN Agencies 245

Introduction 245

Common Understanding 246

Implications of a Human Rights-Based Approach to Development Programming of UN Agencies 248

Index 251


1.1 DAC Action-Oriented Policy Paper on Human Rights (AOPP) 7

1.2 UN Interagency Common Understanding of a Human Rights-Based Approach 9

1.3 Human Rights Policy Frameworks at European Financial Institutions 13

1.4 Entry Points for Human Rights in the Absence of Policy Statements 14

1.5 Building the Evidence Base for Human Rights Policies 16

2.1 Germany's Human Rights Policy Framework 26

2.2 Sweden's Kenya Program 29

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