Language in Literature: Style and Foregrounding

Language in Literature: Style and Foregrounding

by Geoffrey Leech


View All Available Formats & Editions
Use Express Shipping for guaranteed delivery by December 24 
Qualifying orders placed by 11:59 a.m. ET on Dec. 21 can still be sent to Manhattan, NY addresses. Details

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780582051096
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 11/28/2008
Series: Textual Explorations Series
Pages: 234
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Professor Leech is Emeritus Professor of English Linguistics at Lancaster University. He has written, co-edited and co-authored over 25 books and over 100 articles in the areas of linguistics and English language, especially in stylistics, English grammar, semantics, pragmatics and corpus linguistics.

He was co-author, with Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum and Jan Svartvik, of the monumental and authoritative A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language (Longman 1985). In pragmatics, too, his Principles of Pragmatics (Longman 1983) has been a landmark text. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, and a Member of Academia Europaea.

Table of Contents



1. Introduction: about this book, its content and its viewpoint

1.1 Stylistics as an ‘interdiscipline’

1.2 The chapter-by-chapter progression of this book.

1.3 A digression on ‘literariness’

1.4 A list of texts examined


2. Linguistics and the figures of rhetoric

2.1 Introduction

2.2 A linguistic perspective on literary language

2.3 Figures of speech as deviant or foregrounded phenomena in language

2.4 Classifying figures of speech

2.5 Linguistic analysis and critical appreciation


3. ‘This Bread I Break’ – language and interpretation

3.1 Cohesion in a text

3.2 Foregrounding

3.3 Cohesion of foregrounding

3.4 Implications of context

3.5 Conclusion: interpretation


4. Literary criticism and linguistic description

4.1 The nature of critical statements

4.2 The nature of linguistic statements

4.3 The relation between critical and linguistic statements

4.4 Leavis on Keats’ ‘Ode to a Nightingale’

4.5 Linguistic support for Leavis’s account

4.6 Conclusion


5. Stylistics

5.1 Introduction

5.2 The text: ‘Ode to the West Wind’ by Percy B. Shelley

5.3 Stylistic analysis: deviation and foregrounding

5.4 Secondary and tertiary deviation

5.5 Coherence of foregrounding

5.6 The poem’s interpretation

5.7 Conclusion


6. Music and metre: ‘sprung rhythm’ in Victorian poetry

6.1 Introduction

6.2 A multi-levelled account of metre: four levels of metrical form

6.3 Why we need an extra layer of musical scansion

6.4 Sprung rhythm

6.5 Conclusion

Appendix: Further examples of musical scansion


7. Pragmatics, discourse analysis, stylistics and ‘The Celebrated Letter’

7.1 The close affinity between pragmatics, discourse analysis and stylistics: a goal-oriented framework

7.2 Politeness and irony in a multi-goaled view of communication

7.3 Samuel Johnson’s ‘Celebrated Letter’ as a demonstration text

7.4 Conclusion: there is no dichotomy between literary and non-literary texts


8. Stylistics and functionalism

8.1 Roman Jakobson: a formalistic functionalist

8.2 A goal-oriented multifunctionalism

8.3 Typologies of language function and kinds of meaning

8.4 Functionalism in terms of a threefold hierarchy

8.5 Applications to literature

8.6 Jakobson’s poetic function revisited: autotelism

8.7 Conclusion


9. Pragmatic principles in Shaw’s You Never Can Tell

9.1 Introduction

9.2 The plot of Shaw’s You Never Can Tell

9.3 Pragmatic principles and pragmatic deviation

9.4 (Un)cooperative and (im)polite behaviour in the play

9.5 Quality and quantity: rights and obligations

9.6 Pragmatic abnormalities of character

9.7 A system of pragmatic contrasts

9.8 ‘You never can tell’


10. Style in interior monologue: Virginia Woolf’s ‘The Mark on the Wall’

10.1 Introduction

10.2 The formal levels of phonology, lexigrammar and semantics

10.3 A digression on the stream of consciousness

10.4 The textual function

10.5 The ideational function: representation of (mock) reality

10.6 The interpersonal function

10.7 Conclusion


11. Work in progress in corpus stylistics: a method of finding ‘deviant’ or ‘key’ features of texts, and its application to ‘The Mark on the Wall’

11.1 A method in corpus stylistics: WMatrix

11.2 The results

11.3 Conclusion


12. Closing statement: text, interpretation, history and education

12.1 The book’s relation to other work

12.2 What is a text?

12.3 Ambiguity and interpretation

12.4 Historical and educational viewpoints

12.5 Conclusion




Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews