Maintenance and Child Support in Private International Law

Maintenance and Child Support in Private International Law

by Lara Walker

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781849467179
Publisher: Hart Publishing
Publication date: 02/01/2015
Series: Studies in Private International Law Series , #17
Pages: 352
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.78(d)

About the Author

Lara Walker is a Lecturer in Law at the University of Sussex.

Table of Contents

Series Editors' Preface v

Preface vii

Table of Cases xiii

Table of Legislation xvii

1 Introduction 1

I Introduction 1

II Aim and Structure 2

III Methodology 5

IV Approach: Pragmatism 6

V 'Maintenance' as a Concept 8

VI Conclusion 14

2 History of the Recovery of Maintenance from Abroad 15

I Introduction 15

II First Steps-A Regime for the UK and His Majesty's Dominions 15

III The First International Regime 16

IV The Regime Established by the Hague Conference 18

V Recovery of Maintenance in Europe 24

VI The Initial Impact of the Regulation 30

VII Conclusion 35

3 Scope: Maintenance Regulation 37

I Introduction 37

II Relationships the Regulation Applies to 37

III Characterisation 40

IV Conclusion 45

4 Scope: The 2007 Hague Convention 47

I Introduction 47

II Child Support 48

III Spousal Support 49

IV Other Forms of Maintenance 50

V Conclusion 51

5 Jurisdiction 52

I Introduction 52

II Jurisdiction in EU Family Law 53

III General Grounds of Jurisdiction 54

IV Lack of Coherence and Possible Solutions 56

V Choice of Court 65

VI Jurisdiction Based on the Appearance of the Defendant 66

VII Subsidiary Jurisdiction and Forum Necessitatis-No Room for National Law 67

VIII Limits on Bringing Proceedings 69

IX Conclusion 72

6 Hague Protocol on Applicable Law 74

I Introduction 74

II Scope 75

III Law Applicable 78

A General Rule 78

B Special Rules 80

C Choice of Applicable Law 87

IV Other Provisions 92

A Public Policy and Determining the Amount of Maintenance 92

B Exclusion of Renvoi 92

V Conclusion 93

7 Recognition and Enforcement: Regulation 95

I Introduction 95

II The Procedures in the Maintenance Regulation 97

III Non-Protocol States 98

IV The Abolition of Exequatur 105

V Possible Issues with the Abolition of Exequatur in EU Regulations 105

VI The Implications of the Hague Protocol and other Methods of Mitigating the Effect of the Abolition of Exequatur in Maintenance Proceedings 120

A The Hague Protocol 120

B Articles 19 and 21 126

VII Are the Separate Procedures Understood in Practice? 129

VIII Suitable Alternative Arrangements 136

IX Conclusion 144

8 Recognition and Enforcement: Convention 147

I Introduction 147

II Scope 148

III Jurisdiction 149

A Habitual Residence of the Respondent and the Creditor 150

B Habitual Residence of the Child 154

C Party Autonomy 154

D Personal Status 155

IV Grounds for Refusal 156

A Ex Officio Review 156

B Review by the Defendant 157

C Summary 164

V Procedure for Recognition and Enforcement 165

VI Alternative Procedure for Recognition and Enforcement 168

VII Conclusion 173

9 Actual Enforcement 175

I Introduction 175

II Convention 176

III Common Provisions on Central Authorities 179

A The Ongoing Enforcement of Maintenance Obligations 181

B Collect and Transfer Payments 182

C Provisional Measures 183

IV Enforcement in Europe 183

A The Procedure 183

B Practice So Far 190

V Case Law of the ECtHR on Enforcement 192

VI Information Technology: iSupport 195

VII Conclusion 198

10 Administrative Cooperation 200

I Introduction 200

II Designation of Central Authorities 202

III General Functions 204

IV Specific Functions 206

V Legal Assistance 209

VI Locate One of the Parties 211

VII Information on Income and Other Financial Circumstances, Including the Location of Assets 215

VIII Encourage Amicable Solutions 217

IX Ongoing Enforcement 219

X Collection and Expeditious Transfer 222

XI Obtaining of Documentary or Other Evidence 222

XII Parentage 223

XIII Provisional Measures that have the Purpose of Securing the Outcome of a Pending Maintenance Application 224

XIV Service 225

XV Practical Application of Selected Provisions 225

A Requests for Specific Measures 225

B Meeting the Time Requirements 231

XVI Potential Future Developments: Designing Suitable Minimum Standards 236

XVII Conclusion 244

11 Conclusion 246

I Scope and Characterisation 247

II EU Solutions 248

III International Solutions 255

IV Overall Comments 256

V Final Remarks 256

Annex I 258

Annex II 293

Annex III 294

Annex IV 296

Annex V 297

Annex VI 299

Annex VII 301

Annex VIII 307

Bibliography 313

Index 323

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