Marcus Aurelius was was the last of the so-called Five Good Emperors. He was Roman emperor from 161 to 180, ruling jointly with Lucius Verus until Verus' death in 169 and jointly with his son, Commodus, from 177.
During his reign, the Roman Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars, although the threat of the Germanic peoples began to represent a troubling reality for the Empire. Persecution of Christians increased during his reign.
His death in 180 is considered the end of the Pax Romana and the increasing instability in the west that followed has traditionally been seen as the beginning of the eventual fall of the Western Roman Empire
He was a practitioner of Stoicism, and his untitled writing, commonly known as Meditations, is a significant source of the modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. It is considered by many commentators to be one of the greatest works of philosophy.
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About the Author
I had worked for various Bulgarian publishing houses as illustrator and book designer, including Publishing house of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Sofia. Now I live in Bulgaria's capital Sofia. Since 2001, I have my own publishing company. I have daughter and two wonderful grandchildren - Danny and Dea. I am fluent in Russian language. My greatest hobby and passion is children's illustrations and to study the biographies of great artists.