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SAGE Publications
Research Methods in Psychology: Investigating Human Behavior / Edition 3

Research Methods in Psychology: Investigating Human Behavior / Edition 3

by Paul G. Nestor, Russell K. SchuttPaul G. Nestor
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Research Methods in Psychology: Investigating Human Behavior draws on fascinating stories to illustrate the entire research process within a unifying conceptual framework. Bestselling authors Paul G. Nestor and Russell K. Schutt present a clear and comprehensive introduction to the logic and techniques of research methods in psychology by employing a unique combination of two distinct yet complementary pedagogical techniques. First, chapters designed for experiential, hands-on studies put the student in the roles of researcher, participant, and consumer to bring concepts to life. Second, the findings of cognitive science guide the text in a way that is most conducive to learning. This novel approach serves as an effective way to make the world of psychological research fun and rewarding for students, in addition to allowing them to gain the foundational knowledge they need to design, conduct, and present research.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781544323770
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 10/22/2018
Edition description: Third Edition
Pages: 632
Product dimensions: 7.38(w) x 9.12(h) x (d)

About the Author

Paul G. Nestor, Ph D, is professor of psychology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and assistant professor in psychology in the department of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. A summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Boston University, he earned his MA and Ph D in clinical psychology from The Catholic University of America, and was a postdoctoral fellow in the National Institute of Mental Health Clinical Research Training Program at Harvard Medical School. His peer-reviewed publications cover a variety of areas in behavioral science, including neuropsychology, structural and functional neuroimaging, attention, memory, personality, forensic psychology, and schizophrenia. He has authored or co-authored over one-hundred peer-reviewed articles in some of the most prominent journals. His research has been federally supported by competitive grants from both the National Institute of Mental Health and the Department of Veterans Affairs. He is a past recipient of a Veterans Administration Merit Review Award, “Cognitive Neuroscience Studies of Schizophrenia.” He is also the past recipient of the University of Massachusetts, Boston Chancellor’s Award for Distinguished Scholarship for his research in psychology. His teaching has been recognized by the University of Massachusetts, Boston College of Arts and Sciences’ Outstanding Faculty Achievement Award. Nestor also has experience in media presentation for both television and radio, including having his research featured on the Discovery Channel and on WUMB. He is a licensed psychologist in Massachusetts, specializing in clinical psychology, neuropsychology, and forensic psychology.

Russell K. Schutt, Ph D, is a professor and the chair of sociology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and a lecturer on sociology in the Department of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School (Massachusetts Mental Health Center). He completed his BA, MA, and Ph D (1977) at the University of Illinois at Chicago and a postdoctoral fellowship in the Sociology of Social Control Training Program at Yale University (1977–1979). His other books include Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research and Fundamentals of Social Work Research (with Ray Engel), Making Sense of the Social World (with Dan Chambliss), and Research Methods in Psychology (with Paul G. Nestor)—all with SAGE Publications, as well as Homelessness, Housing, and Mental Illness (Harvard University Press) and Social Neuroscience: Brain, Mind, and Society (coedited with Larry J. Seidman and Matcheri S. Keshavan, also Harvard University Press). Most of his peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters focus on the effect of social context on cognition, satisfaction, functioning, and recidivism, the orientations of service recipients and of service and criminal justice personnel, and the organization of health and social services. He is currently a coinvestigator for a randomized trial of peer support for homeless dually diagnosed veterans, funded by the Veterans Administration.

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Chapter 1. Uncommon Sense and the Scientific Method
Biases in Thinking
The Scientific Method
Psychological Research in the Public Square
Chapter 2. The Research Process
Can Money Buy You Happiness?
Research Approach
Research Toolbox
Evaluating and Critiquing Research
Chapter 3. Literature Review in Research
The Brain on Marijuana
Literature Review in Research
Framework for Literature Review
Advanced Literature Reviews
Chapter 4. Ethics in Behavioral Research
Historical Background
Ethical Principles
The Institutional Review Board
Chapter 5. Conceptualization and Measurement
What Is Happiness?
Theoretical Constructs
Levels of Measurement
The Special Case of Psychometrics
Evaluating Measures
The Logic of Measurement Validity
Chapter 6. Samples and Generalizations
Sample Planning
Sampling Methods
Sampling Distributions
Chapter 7. Considering Correlation: Are You a Maximizer or a Satisficer?
Are You a Maximizer or a Satisficer?
Correlational Research
Correlation, Confounds, and Control Variables
Decision-Making Strategies in a College Student Sample: Maximizer or Satisficer?
Chapter 8. In Search of Causality: True Experiments
Mental Calisthenics for the Brain?
Single-Factor Experiment
Theater of Independent Variables
Measurement and Control
Validity in Experiments
Can Causality Be Established?
Chapter 9. Experimental Design and Hypothesis Testing
Does Exercise Make You Smarter?
Basic Experimental Designs
Two Options in Assigning Participants
Null Hypothesis Significance Testing
Chapter 10. Complex Research Designs
Multifactorial Designs
Within-Subjects Experiment
Between-Subjects Experiment
Chapter 11. Quasi-Experimental and Nonexperimental Designs
The Good and the Bad of Media Multitasking
Quasi-Experimental Designs
Nonequivalent-Control-Group Designs
Before-and-After Designs
Quasi-Experiments of Media Multitasking
Quasi-Experiments of 9/11 Memories
Quasi-Experimental Research of Culture and Cognition
Developmental Studies
Nonexperimental Research
Chapter 12. Small-N and Single-Subject Designs
Foundations of Small-N Designs
Measuring Targets of Intervention
Types of Small-N and Single-Subject Designs
Analyzing Small-N and Single-Subject Designs
Internal Validity
Chapter 13. Survey Research
How Happy Are You?
Considering Surveys
Writing Survey Questions
Combining Questions in Indexes and Scales
Designing Questionnaires
Organizing Surveys
Analyzing Surveys
Chapter 14. Qualitative Methods
Fundamentals of Qualitative Research
Methods for Collecting Qualitative Data
Qualitative Interviewing
Participant Observation
Systematic Observation
Focus Groups
Qualitative Data Analysis
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research
Chapter 15. Quantitative Data Analysis
Does Needing Help = Getting Help?
Statistical Approach
Univariate Distributions
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
The Ethics of Statistics
Chapter 16. Essentials of APA Report Writing
APA Format
Report Organization in APA Format
Literature Review
Poster Presentation
Sample Paper
Appendix A: Summaries of Frequently Cited Research Articles
Appendix B: Questions to Ask About a Research Article
Appendix C: How to Read a Research Article
Appendix D: Proportions of Area Under Standard Normal Curve
Appendix E: Critical Values for t Distribution
Appendix F: Critical Values of F
Appendix G: Critical Values of Chi-Square
Appendix H: Critical Values of the Correlation Coefficient
Appendix I: Table of Random Numbers

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