Research Methods in Psychology: Investigating Human Behavior draws on fascinating stories to illustrate the entire research process within a unifying conceptual framework. Bestselling authors Paul G. Nestor and Russell K. Schutt present a clear and comprehensive introduction to the logic and techniques of research methods in psychology by employing a unique combination of two distinct yet complementary pedagogical techniques. First, chapters designed for experiential, hands-on studies put the student in the roles of researcher, participant, and consumer to bring concepts to life. Second, the findings of cognitive science guide the text in a way that is most conducive to learning. This novel approach serves as an effective way to make the world of psychological research fun and rewarding for students, in addition to allowing them to gain the foundational knowledge they need to design, conduct, and present research.
|Edition description:||Third Edition|
|Product dimensions:||7.38(w) x 9.12(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Paul G. Nestor, Ph D, is professor of psychology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and assistant professor in psychology in the department of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. A summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Boston University, he earned his MA and Ph D in clinical psychology from The Catholic University of America, and was a postdoctoral fellow in the National Institute of Mental Health Clinical Research Training Program at Harvard Medical School. His peer-reviewed publications cover a variety of areas in behavioral science, including neuropsychology, structural and functional neuroimaging, attention, memory, personality, forensic psychology, and schizophrenia. He has authored or co-authored over one-hundred peer-reviewed articles in some of the most prominent journals. His research has been federally supported by competitive grants from both the National Institute of Mental Health and the Department of Veterans Affairs. He is a past recipient of a Veterans Administration Merit Review Award, “Cognitive Neuroscience Studies of Schizophrenia.” He is also the past recipient of the University of Massachusetts, Boston Chancellor’s Award for Distinguished Scholarship for his research in psychology. His teaching has been recognized by the University of Massachusetts, Boston College of Arts and Sciences’ Outstanding Faculty Achievement Award. Nestor also has experience in media presentation for both television and radio, including having his research featured on the Discovery Channel and on WUMB. He is a licensed psychologist in Massachusetts, specializing in clinical psychology, neuropsychology, and forensic psychology.
Russell K. Schutt, Ph D, is a professor and the chair of sociology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and a lecturer on sociology in the Department of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School (Massachusetts Mental Health Center). He completed his BA, MA, and Ph D (1977) at the University of Illinois at Chicago and a postdoctoral fellowship in the Sociology of Social Control Training Program at Yale University (1977–1979). His other books include Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research and Fundamentals of Social Work Research (with Ray Engel), Making Sense of the Social World (with Dan Chambliss), and Research Methods in Psychology (with Paul G. Nestor)all with SAGE Publications, as well as Homelessness, Housing, and Mental Illness (Harvard University Press) and Social Neuroscience: Brain, Mind, and Society (coedited with Larry J. Seidman and Matcheri S. Keshavan, also Harvard University Press). Most of his peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters focus on the effect of social context on cognition, satisfaction, functioning, and recidivism, the orientations of service recipients and of service and criminal justice personnel, and the organization of health and social services. He is currently a coinvestigator for a randomized trial of peer support for homeless dually diagnosed veterans, funded by the Veterans Administration.
Table of Contents
PrefaceAcknowledgmentsAbout the AuthorsPART I. RESEARCH FUNDAMENTALSChapter 1. Uncommon Sense and the Scientific Method Biases in Thinking The Scientific Method Psychological Research in the Public Square ConclusionChapter 2. The Research Process Can Money Buy You Happiness? Research Approach Research Toolbox Evaluating and Critiquing Research ConclusionChapter 3. Literature Review in Research The Brain on Marijuana Literature Review in Research Framework for Literature Review Advanced Literature Reviews ConclusionChapter 4. Ethics in Behavioral Research Historical Background Ethical Principles The Institutional Review Board ConclusionChapter 5. Conceptualization and Measurement What Is Happiness? Theoretical Constructs Levels of Measurement The Special Case of Psychometrics Evaluating Measures The Logic of Measurement Validity ConclusionChapter 6. Samples and Generalizations Sample Planning Sampling Methods Sampling Distributions ConclusionPART II. RESEARCH DESIGNSChapter 7. Considering Correlation: Are You a Maximizer or a Satisficer? Are You a Maximizer or a Satisficer? Correlational Research Correlation, Confounds, and Control Variables Decision-Making Strategies in a College Student Sample: Maximizer or Satisficer? ConclusionChapter 8. In Search of Causality: True Experiments Mental Calisthenics for the Brain? Single-Factor Experiment Theater of Independent Variables Measurement and Control Validity in Experiments Can Causality Be Established? ConclusionChapter 9. Experimental Design and Hypothesis Testing Does Exercise Make You Smarter? Basic Experimental Designs Two Options in Assigning Participants Null Hypothesis Significance Testing ConclusionChapter 10. Complex Research Designs Multifactorial Designs Within-Subjects Experiment Between-Subjects Experiment ConclusionChapter 11. Quasi-Experimental and Nonexperimental Designs The Good and the Bad of Media Multitasking Quasi-Experimental Designs Nonequivalent-Control-Group Designs Before-and-After Designs Quasi-Experiments of Media Multitasking Quasi-Experiments of 9/11 Memories Quasi-Experimental Research of Culture and Cognition Developmental Studies Nonexperimental Research ConclusionChapter 12. Small-N and Single-Subject Designs Foundations of Small-N Designs Measuring Targets of Intervention Types of Small-N and Single-Subject Designs Analyzing Small-N and Single-Subject Designs Internal Validity Generalizability ConclusionChapter 13. Survey Research How Happy Are You? Considering Surveys Writing Survey Questions Combining Questions in Indexes and Scales Designing Questionnaires Organizing Surveys Analyzing Surveys ConclusionChapter 14. Qualitative Methods Fundamentals of Qualitative Research Methods for Collecting Qualitative Data Qualitative Interviewing Participant Observation Systematic Observation Focus Groups Qualitative Data Analysis Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research ConclusionPART III. RESEARCH PRODUCTSChapter 15. Quantitative Data Analysis Does Needing Help = Getting Help? Statistical Approach Univariate Distributions Descriptive Statistics Inferential Statistics The Ethics of Statistics ConclusionChapter 16. Essentials of APA Report Writing APA Format Report Organization in APA Format Literature Review Poster Presentation Sample Paper ConclusionAppendix A: Summaries of Frequently Cited Research ArticlesAppendix B: Questions to Ask About a Research ArticleAppendix C: How to Read a Research ArticleAppendix D: Proportions of Area Under Standard Normal CurveAppendix E: Critical Values for t DistributionAppendix F: Critical Values of FAppendix G: Critical Values of Chi-SquareAppendix H: Critical Values of the Correlation CoefficientAppendix I: Table of Random NumbersGlossaryReferencesIndex