Sacral Grooves, Limbo Gateways: Travels in Deep Southern Time, Circum-Caribbean Space, Afro-creole Authority

Sacral Grooves, Limbo Gateways: Travels in Deep Southern Time, Circum-Caribbean Space, Afro-creole Authority

by Keith Cartwright

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“We’re seeing people that we didn’t know exist,” the director of FEMA acknowledged in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. Sacral Grooves, Limbo Gateways offers a corrective to some of America’s institutionalized invisibilities by delving into the submerged networks of ritual performance, writing, intercultural history, and migration that have linked the coastal U.S. South with the Caribbean and the wider Atlantic world. This interdisciplinary study slips beneath the bar of rigid national and literary periods, embarking upon deeper—more rhythmic and embodied—signatures of time. It swings low through ecologies and symbolic orders of creolized space. And it reappraises pluralistic modes of knowledge, kinship, and authority that have sustained vital forms of agency (such as jazz) amid abysses of racialized trauma.

Drawing from Haitian Vodou and New Orleanian Voudou and from Cuban and South Floridian Santería, as well as from Afro-Baptist (Caribbean, Geechee, and Bahamian) models of encounters with otherness, this book reemplaces deep-southern texts within the counterclockwise ring-stepping of a long Afro-Atlantic modernity. Turning to an orphan girl’s West African initiation tale to follow a remarkably traveled body of feminine rites and writing (in works by Paule Marshall, Zora Neale Hurston, Lydia Cabrera, William Faulkner, James Weldon Johnson, and LeAnne Howe, among others), Cartwright argues that only in holistic form, emergent from gulfs of cross-cultural witness, can literary and humanistic authority find legitimacy. Without such grounding, he contends, our educational institutions blind and even poison students, bringing them to “swallow lye,” like the grandson of Phoenix Jackson in Eudora Welty’s “A Worn Path.” Here, literary study may open pathways to alternative medicines—fetched by tenacious avatars like Phoenix (or an orphan Kumba or a shell-shaking Turtle)—to remedy the lies our partial histories have made us swallow.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780820345994
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Publication date: 09/15/2013
Series: The New Southern Studies Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 328
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

KEITH CARTWRIGHT is an associate professor of English at the University of North Florida. He is the author of Reading Africa into American Literature: Epics, Fables, and Gothic Tales; Junkanoo: A Christmas Pageant; and Saint-Louis: A Wool Strip-Cloth for Sekou Dabo.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

A Note on the Illustrations xi

Invocation. To Bust Your Shell

Introduction. Reborn Again: Orphan Initiations, Motherless Lands 3

Part 1 The Ancestral House

Chapter 1 Down to the Mire: Travels, Shouts, and Saraka in Atlantic Praise-Housings 35

Chapter 2 Lift Every Voice and Swing: James Weldon Johnson's God-Met Places and Native Lands 65

Part 2 Les Invisibles

Chapter 3 Fe Chauffe, Balanse, Swing: Saint-Domingue Refugees in the Govi of New Orleans 97

Chapter 4 Making Faces at the Sublime: Momentum from within Creole City 128

Part 3 Sangre y Monte

Chapter 5 "Come and Gaze on a Mystery": Zora Neale Hurston's Rain-Bringing Authority 159

Chapter 6 "Vamonos pa'l Monte": Into Florida's Repeating Bush 184

ENVOI. "White Women Have Never Known What to Do with Their Blood": Gulf Carriers and Sanguine Knowledge 214

Notes 241

Bibliography 271

Index 293

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