Selected Letters of A. M. A. Blanchet: Bishop of Walla Walla and Nesqualy (1846-1879)

Selected Letters of A. M. A. Blanchet: Bishop of Walla Walla and Nesqualy (1846-1879)


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Selected Letters of A. M. A. Blanchet: Bishop of Walla Walla and Nesqualy (1846-1879) by Roberta Stringham Brown

In 1846, French Canadian-born A. M. A. Blanchet was named the first Catholic bishop of Walla Walla in the area soon to become Washington Territory. He arrived at Fort Walla Walla in late September 1847, part of the largest movement over the Oregon Trail to date. During the thirty-two years of Blanchet's tenure in the Northwest, the region underwent profound social and political change as the Hudson's Bay Company moved headquarters and many operations north following the Oregon Treaty, U.S. government and institutions were established, and Native American inhabitants dealt with displacement and discrimination. Blanchet chronicled both his own pastoral and administrative life and his observations on the world around him in a voluminous correspondence-almost nine hundred letters-to religious superiors and colleagues in Montreal, Paris, and Rome; funding organizations; other missionaries; and U.S. officials. This selection of Blanchet's letters provides a fascinating view of Washington Territory as seen through the eyes of an intelligent, devout, energetic, perceptive, and occasionally irascible cleric and administrator.

Almost all of Blanchet's correspondence was in French. Roberta Stringham Brown and Patricia O'Connell Killen have chosen forty-five of those letters to translate and annotate, creating a history of early Washington that provides new insights into relationships, events, and personalities. A number of the letters provide first-hand glimpses of familiar events, such as the Whitman tragedy, the California gold rush, Indian wars and land displacement, transportation advances, and the domestic material culture of a frontier borderland. Others voice the hardships of historically underrepresented groups, including Native Americans, Metis, and French Canadians, and the experiences of ordinary people in growing population centers such as Seattle, Walla Walla, and Vancouver, Wash-ington. Still others describe the struggle to bring social, medical, and educational institutions to the region, a struggle in which women religious workers played a key role. The letters-and the editors' fascinating annotations-provide an engaging and insightful look at an important period in the history of the Pacific Northwest and southwest Canada.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780295995335
Publisher: University of Washington Press
Publication date: 06/17/2015
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Roberta Stringham Brown is professor of French emertia at Pacific Lutheran University. Patricia O'Connell Killen is professor of religious studies and academic vice president at Gonzaga University.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xv

Introduction 3

Letter 1 To Charles Dufriche-Desgenettes, Pastor of Notre-Dame des Victoires, Paris, February 25,1847 13

Letter 2 To François Norbert Blanchet, Archbishop of Oregon City, December 12,1847 16

Letter 3 To Célestin Gauvreau, Vicar-General, Superior, College of Ste.-Anne-de-la-Pocatière, [January] 1848 25

Letter 4 To Members of the Councils of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, Lyons and Paris, [March] 1848 31

Letter 5 List of Items the Bishop of Walla Walla Requested of Bishop Demers, [March 1848] 34

Letter 6 To James Buchanan, Secretary of State, March 31, 1848 37

Letter 7 To James Buchanan, Secretary of State, April 1, 1848 43

Letter 8 To George Abernethy, Governor, Provisional Government of Oregon, April 29, 1848 45

Letter 9 To Jean-Charles Prince, Bishop of Martyropolis, Coadjutor of the Diocese of Montreal, January 27, 1849 48

Letter 10 To Members of the Councils of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, Lyons and Paris, July 14, 1849 60

Letter 11 To Pope Pius IX, November 1, 1849 67

Letter 12 To Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal, February 6, 1850 72

Letter 13 To J. B. A. Brouillet, Vicar-General, March 9, 1850 80

Letter 14 To Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal, November 22, 1850 83

Illustration Gallery 1 88

Letter 15 To Isaac Stevens, Governor of Washington Territory, October 20, 1854 104

Letter 16 To Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War, Washington City, D.C.. December 28, 1854 108

Letter 17 To William Leclaire, Missionary, Cowlitz Mission, May 15,1855 110

Letter 18 To Marcel Bernier, Cowlitz Mission, May 15, 1855 114

Letter 19 To Nicholas Congiato, Society of Jesus, April 26, 1856 117

Letter 20 To the Directors of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, Paris, May 15, 1857 120

Letter 21 To Emilie Caron, Superior, Sisters of Providence, Montreal, June 16, 1857 124

Letter 22 To William Archbold, U.S. Army Sergeant, Fort Steilacoom, W.T., July 28, 1857 130

Letter 23 To Eugène-Casimir Chirouse, Oblate of Mary Immaculate, March 12, 1860 133

Letter 24 To Edward R. Geary, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon and Washington Territories, October 7, 1860 138

Letter 25 To Allen McLeod, March 6, 1862 143

Letter 26 To the Central Council of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, April 15, 1862 146

Letter 27 To Major Pinkney Lugenbeel, Commanding Officer, Fort Vancouver, May 22, 1862 149

Letter 28 To Caleb Blood Smith, Secretary of the Interior, Washington, D.C., June 16, 1862 151

Letter 29 To Aegidius Junger, Missionary of Walla Walla, November 6, 1862 157

Letter 30 To J. B. A. Brouillet, Vicar-General, March 20, 1863 161

Illustration Gallery 2 166

Letter 31 To the Directors of the Leopoldine Society, January 25, 1864 185

Letter 32 To Sister Joseph of the Sacred Heart, Superior, February 11, 1864 190

Letter 33 To Charles Vary, Missionary, July 23, 1864 194

Letter 34 To Francis Xavier Prefontaine, Missionary, July 24, 1864 198

Letter 35 To the Secular and Regular Clergy of the Diocese, July 8,1867 201

Letter 36 To Jean-Baptiste Auguste Brandel, Missionary, August 31, 1867 203

Letter 37 To Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal, October 10, 1867 206

Letter 38 To Francis Xavier Prefontaine, Missionary, October 14,1867 212

Letter 39 To J. B. A. Brouillet, Vicar-General, January 20, 1868 214

Letter 40 To Peter De Smet, Society of Jesus, February 15, 1871 216

Letter 41 To James Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop of Baltimore, June 15, 1873 220

Letter 42 To Charles Seghers, Bishop of Vancouver Island, December 30, 1873 223

Letter 43 To J. B. A. Brouillet, Vicar-General, November 24, 1874 226

Letter 44 To Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal, June 17, 1875 230

Letter 45 To His Eminence Cardinal Alessandro Franchi, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith, July 9 1876 233

General Chronology 240

Selected Bibliography 247

Patrons 257

Index 258

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