During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the federal government sought to forcibly assimilate Native Americans into American society through systematized land allotment. In Sustaining the Cherokee Family, Rose Stremlau illuminates the impact of this policy on the Cherokee Nation, particularly within individual families and communities in modern-day northeastern Oklahoma. Emphasizing Cherokee agency, Stremlau reveals that Cherokee families' organization, cultural values, and social and economic practices allowed them to adapt to private land ownership by incorporating elements of the new system into existing domestic and community-based economies. Drawing on evidence from a range of sources, including Cherokee and United States censuses, federal and tribal records, local newspapers, maps, county probate records, family histories, and contemporary oral histories, Stremlau demonstrates that Cherokee management of land perpetuated the values and behaviors associated with their sense of kinship, therefore uniting extended families. And, although the loss of access to land and communal resources slowly impoverished the region, it reinforced the Cherokees' interdependence. Stremlau argues that the persistence of extended family bonds allowed indigenous communities to retain a collective focus and resist aspects of federal assimilation policy during a period of great social upheaval.
|Publisher:||The University of North Carolina Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Rose Stremlau is assistant professor of history and American Indian studies at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
What People are Saying About This
An evocative story of the Cherokee families and the intricate relations and kinship they maintained in one Cherokee community, the Chewey Community. Stremlau emphasizes the persistence and survival of Cherokee people despite the intent of the Federal government to divest them of their land and government through the General Allotment Act. It is an intimate account of Cherokee family and the kinship system that has sustained them through millennia. Tragically, some were individuals who survived the Trail of Tears only to have their land taken once again by the Federal government.Richard L. Allen, policy analyst, Cherokee Nation