Teaching and Learning Difficulties: A Cross-Curricular Approach (2nd Edition)

Teaching and Learning Difficulties: A Cross-Curricular Approach (2nd Edition)

by Peter Westwood

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Overview

Teaching and Learning Difficulties provides guidance to teaching students that encounter difficulties in a number of learning areas, including science, social studies, history, geography and environmental education. Using a cross-curricular perspective, this book explores multiple teacher-directed and student-centred instructional approaches for classroom use, highlighting the strengths, weaknesses, and specific aspects of each one. It also examines the impact of classroom interactions that influence learning, suggests strategies for reducing learning failure and enhancing students' progress, and presents a 'big picture' perspective on teaching and learning difficulties. (Series: Learning Difficulties) [Subject: Education]

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781742863771
Publisher: Australian Council for Educational Research
Publication date: 10/13/2016
Series: Learning Difficulties Series
Pages: 254
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.75(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

A brief note on effect size xi

1 Teaching, learning and the curriculum 1

Teachers' expertise 1

How students learn 3

Research on effective teaching 8

Appraising teachers' effectiveness 10

E-teaching and learning 11

Curriculum matters 14

Differentiating the curriculum 18

Online resources 20

Print resources 21

2 Teacher-directed approaches 23

Expository teaching 24

Direct instruction 28

Precision teaching 32

Mastery learning 34

Interactive whole-class teaching 37

Importance of reteaching 39

Teaching of cognitive strategies 39

Computer-based learning 42

Online resources 49

Print resources 50

3 Student-centred approaches to learning 51

Discovery learning 52

Resource-based learning 56

Project-based learning 59

Problem-based learning 62

Task-based learning 66

Task-based language learning 67

Situated learning 69

Anchored instruction 72

Online resources 74

Print resources 75

4 Variables and interactions that affect learning and teaching 77

Establishing attention 77

Questioning 81

Discussions 85

Peer tutoring 87

Cooperative learning 90

Reciprocal teaching 92

Parental involvement 94

Online resources 97

Print resources 98

5 Learning difficulties 99

Curriculum as a source of difficulty 100

Culturally appropriate curricula 101

Adapting and differentiating the curriculum 103

Inappropriate or insufficient teaching 107

Adapting instruction 109

Learning difficulties: general and specific 111

Response to Intervention (Rtl) model 114

Online resources 115

Print resources 116

6 Teaching approaches for literacy 117

Teaching students to read 118

Beginning to read 121

Phonic skills 124

Building sight vocabulary 125

Multisensory teaching methods 126

Developing comprehension 128

Learning difficulties in writing 132

Approaches to the teaching of writing 134

Word processors 137

Teaching spelling 138

Online resources 142

Print resources 142

7 Teaching approaches for numeracy 143

Goals of numeracy and mathematics education 144

Curriculum content 145

Numeracy teaching and learning 146

Numeracy skills used strategically 150

Digital technology 153

Differentiation 154

Teaching that is less effective 155

Learning difficulties 156

Online resources 160

Print resources 161

8 Teaching the sciences 163

Science is for all students 164

Approaches to teaching and learning 166

Basic procedures 168

Poor-quality instruction 169

Learning difficulties 169

Differentiation 177

Misconceptions 178

Online resources 180

Print resources 180

9 Teaching the humanities and social sciences 181

Learning outcomes 182

Basic teaching strategies 183

Using group discussion effectively 184

The use of field trips 184

History 185

Geography 188

Issues in teaching the humanities and social sciences 191

Mixed-ability classes 194

Anticipating areas of difficulty 195

Applying basic skills 197

Online resources 199

Print resources 200

References 201

Index 235

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