The Crusades: A Reader, Second Edition

The Crusades: A Reader, Second Edition

by S.J. Allen, Emilie Amt

NOOK Book2nd Edition (eBook - 2nd Edition)

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Overview

Since the publication of the first edition of The Crusades: A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations. The second edition features an intriguing new chapter on perceptions of the Crusades in the modern period, from David Hume and William Wordsworth to World War I political cartoons and crusading rhetoric circulating after 9/11. Islamic accounts of the treatment of prisoners have been added, as well as sources detailing the homecoming of those who had ventured to the Holy Land—including a newly translated reading on a woman crusader, Margaret of Beverly. The book contains sixteen images, study questions for each reading, and an index.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781442606258
Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Higher Education Division
Publication date: 04/21/2014
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 464
File size: 8 MB

About the Author

S.J. Allen is Associate Lecturer in Arts and Humanities at The Open University, UK.

Emilie Amt is the Hildegarde Pilgram Professor of History at Hood College, Maryland. Her books include The Crusades: A Reader (2003) and Women's Lives in Medieval Europe: A Sourcebook (2010).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Preface to the Second Edition

Introduction

I. Background and Origins

1. The Pilgrimage of Etheria
2. Augustine of Hippo on the Just War
3. The Qur'an
4. al-Baladhuri on Early Muslim Conquests
5. The Pact of Omar
6. Early Indulgences
7. Ibnu Hayyan on Warfare in Spain
8. The Song of Roland
9. Declaration of the Truce of God
10. Matthew of Edessa on the Seljuk Conquests
11. Gregory VII's Call for Assistance to the Greeks

II. The First Crusade

12. Urban II's Call for a Crusade
13. Albert of Aachen on the Peasants' Crusade
14. Solomon bar Samson on the Massacres of Jews
15. Anna Comnena's Alexiad
16. The Deeds of the Franks
17. Letter of Stephen of Blois
18. Anselm of Ribemont on Events at Antioch
19. Ralph of Caen on Divisions among the Crusaders
20. Raymond of Aguilers on the Fall of Jerusalem
21. Letter of Pope Paschal on the Capture of Jerusalem
22 'Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami's The Book of the Jihad
23. Abu l-Muzaffar al-Abiwardi on the Fall of Jerusalem

III. The Crusader States

24. William of Tyre's History
25. Fulcher of Chartres's History
26. Venetian Treaty
27. Laws of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
28. The Travels of Saewulf
29. John of Würzburg's Pilgrim Guide
30. The Travels of Ibn Jubayr
31. Memoirs of Usamah Ibn Munqidh
32. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela

IV. The Second and Third Crusades

33. Ibn al-Qalanisi on Zengi and Nur ad-Din
34. Ibn al-Athir on the Fall of Edessa
35. Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux
36. Bernard of Clairvaux: In Praise of the New Knighthood
37. The Rule of the Templars
38. Odo of Deuil: The Journey of Louis VII to the East
39. John Kinnamos: The Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus
40. Analyses of the Second Crusade
41. Baha ad-Din's Life of Saladin
42. Imad ad-Din on the Battle of Hattin
43. Roger of Wendover on the Fall of Jerusalem
44. Letters on the Fall of Jerusalem
45. Taxation and Regulations for the Third Crusade
46. Islamic Accounts of the Treatment of Prisoners
47. Accounts of the Third Crusade

V. Setting Out and Returning Home

48. Gerald of Wales on Preaching a Crusade
49. Privileges and Indulgences
50. Personal Arrangements
51. Liturgy for Pilgrims and Crusaders
52. Financial Accounts
53. Travel Information
54. Accounts of Crusader Homecomings
55. Thomas of Froidmont, The Adventures of Margaret of Beverly, a Woman Crusader
56. Crusading Songs

VI. The Age of Innocent III

57. Letters of Innocent III
58. Accounts of the Fourth Crusade
59. Documents on the Sack of Constantinople
60. Bernard of Gui's Manual for Inquisitors
61. William of Tudela's Song of the Cathar Wars
62. Accounts of the Children's Crusade
63. Decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council
64. Oliver of Paderborn on the Fifth Crusade

VII. Crusades of the Holy Roman Empire

65. Charter to German Settlers
66. Poem Describing Cistercian Settlement
67. Proclamations of Northern European Crusades
68. Helmold's Chronicle of the Slavs
69. The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia
70. The Rule of the Teutonic Knights
71. Nikolaus von Jeroschin on the Prussian Crusades
72. Philip of Novara on Frederick II's Crusade
73. Frederick II on His Taking of Jerusalem and Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi's Recording of the Event
74. Responses to Frederick II's Crusade

VIII. Conflict and Coexistence in Spain

75. Chronicle of the Cid
76. The Conquest of Lisbon
77. Alfonso VIII's Report on Las Navas de Tolosa
78. Muslim-Christian Treaty
79. Moorish Laws
80. Christian Laws
81. Constitutions of the Order of Merced
82. Expulsion of the Jews from Spain
83. Abu Abdilla Mohammed on the Expulsion of the Muslims

IX. Crusades at the Crossroads

84. Joinville's Life of St. Louis
85. Matthew Paris on the Shepherds' Crusade
86. Ibn Al-Athir on the Mongol Invasion
87. Ibn 'Abd al-Zahir's Biography of Baybars
88. Ludolph von Suchem on the Fall of Acre and Its Aftermath
89. Humbert of Romans on Criticisms of Crusading
90. Ramon Lull's Plan to Convert the Muslims
91. Order for the Arrest of the Templars and Papal Bull Suppressing the Templars
92. John Mandeville on Prester John
93. Letters between Pope Innocent IV and Guyuk Khan
94. Johann Schiltberger on the Nicopolis Crusade
95. Kritovoulos on the Fall of Constantinople
96. Pius II's Commentaries
97. Erasmus On the War against the Turks

X. Modern Perceptions of the Crusades

98. David Hume on the Crusades
99. Edward Gibbon's Evaluation of the Crusades
100. William Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Sonnets
101. Michaud, History of the Crusades
102. William Hillary's Call for a New Crusade
103. Sayyid 'Ali Hariri's Book of the Splendid Stories of the Crusades
104. World War I Political Cartoons
105. Sayyid Qutb's Social Justice in Islam and Muhammad Asad's Islam at the Crossroads
106. The Hamas Covenant
107. Pope John Paul II's Statements about Past Christian Actions
108. Crusading Rhetoric after 9/11
109. Modern Use of Images of Saladin
110. Umej Bhatia's Analysis of the Crusades and Modern Muslim Memory

Sources

Index of Topics

What People are Saying About This

David J. Hay

The Crusades: A Reader is an indispensable teaching resource. As in the previous edition, Allen and Amt present a sampling of crusading and anti-crusading literature and imagery that is well suited to undergraduate readers. The collection devotes attention not just to the external theaters of crusading, but to the internal as well, and strikes an appropriate balance between the promoters and the critics of the Crusades. The second edition's inclusion of excerpts from al-Sulami's The Book of the Jihad is particularly welcome, as is the section on modern perceptions of the Crusades, with thirteen new sources that carry the history and historiography of crusading into the twenty-first century. There is in my opinion no better short collection of crusading sources in English translation.

From the Publisher

This is a stellar collection, and there is nothing to equal it on the market. By bringing together primary sources written by various Christian, Muslim, and Jewish authors, this anthology elegantly conveys the diversity of experiences of the crusades (those of its participants and those of its victims), on all fronts. The questions for discussion that the authors provide are tailor-made for each source, and make teaching this complicated subject all the easier. This second edition is especially strong in the new coverage it provides for modern perceptions of the crusades. The editors are to be congratulated.

Jonathan Riley-Smith

The collection of translated sources in The Crusades: A Reader is one of the most comprehensive yet assembled. It covers the centuries from the late eleventh to the early sixteenth and includes texts illustrating actions in theaters of war that are often ignored, such as Spain, the Baltic region, and the interior of Western Europe. It is to be recommended as a very congenial and informative introduction to a large, complex, and historically important subject.

Paul M. Cobb

This is a stellar collection, and there is nothing to equal it on the market. By bringing together primary sources written by various Christian, Muslim, and Jewish authors, this anthology elegantly conveys the diversity of experiences of the crusades—those of its participants and those of its victims. The questions for discussion that the authors provide are tailor-made for each source, and make teaching this complicated subject all the easier. This second edition is especially strong in its new coverage of modern perceptions of the Crusades. The editors are to be congratulated.

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