ISBN-10:
1442606231
ISBN-13:
9781442606234
Pub. Date:
04/21/2014
Publisher:
University of Toronto Press, Higher Education Division
The Crusades: A Reader, Second Edition / Edition 2

The Crusades: A Reader, Second Edition / Edition 2

by S.J. Allen, Emilie Amt
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Overview

Since the publication of the first edition of The Crusades: A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations. The second edition features an intriguing new chapter on perceptions of the Crusades in the modern period, from David Hume and William Wordsworth to World War I political cartoons and crusading rhetoric circulating after 9/11. Islamic accounts of the treatment of prisoners have been added, as well as sources detailing the homecoming of those who had ventured to the Holy Land—including a newly translated reading on a woman crusader, Margaret of Beverly. The book contains sixteen images, study questions for each reading, and an index.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781442606234
Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Higher Education Division
Publication date: 04/21/2014
Series: Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures Series , #8
Edition description: 2nd Edition
Pages: 464
Sales rank: 658,316
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

S.J. Allen is Associate Lecturer in Arts and Humanities at The Open University, UK.


Emilie Amt is the Hildegarde Pilgram Professor of History at Hood College, Maryland. Her books include The Crusades: A Reader (2003) and Women's Lives in Medieval Europe: A Sourcebook (2010).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments



Preface to the Second Edition



Introduction



I. Background and Origins



1. The Pilgrimage of Etheria

2. Augustine of Hippo on the Just War

3. The Qur'an

4. al-Baladhuri on Early Muslim Conquests

5. The Pact of Omar

6. Early Indulgences

7. Ibnu Hayyan on Warfare in Spain

8. The Song of Roland

9. Declaration of the Truce of God

10. Matthew of Edessa on the Seljuk Conquests

11. Gregory VII's Call for Assistance to the Greeks



II. The First Crusade



12. Urban II's Call for a Crusade

13. Albert of Aachen on the Peasants' Crusade

14. Solomon bar Samson on the Massacres of Jews

15. Anna Comnena's Alexiad

16. The Deeds of the Franks

17. Letter of Stephen of Blois

18. Anselm of Ribemont on Events at Antioch

19. Ralph of Caen on Divisions among the Crusaders

20. Raymond of Aguilers on the Fall of Jerusalem

21. Letter of Pope Paschal on the Capture of Jerusalem

22 'Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami's The Book of the Jihad

23. Abu l-Muzaffar al-Abiwardi on the Fall of Jerusalem



III. The Crusader States



24. William of Tyre's History

25. Fulcher of Chartres's History

26. Venetian Treaty

27. Laws of the Kingdom of Jerusalem

28. The Travels of Saewulf

29. John of Würzburg's Pilgrim Guide

30. The Travels of Ibn Jubayr

31. Memoirs of Usamah Ibn Munqidh

32. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela



IV. The Second and Third Crusades



33. Ibn al-Qalanisi on Zengi and Nur ad-Din

34. Ibn al-Athir on the Fall of Edessa

35. Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux

36. Bernard of Clairvaux: In Praise of the New Knighthood

37. The Rule of the Templars

38. Odo of Deuil: The Journey of Louis VII to the East

39. John Kinnamos: The Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus

40. Analyses of the Second Crusade

41. Baha ad-Din's Life of Saladin

42. Imad ad-Din on the Battle of Hattin

43. Roger of Wendover on the Fall of Jerusalem

44. Letters on the Fall of Jerusalem

45. Taxation and Regulations for the Third Crusade

46. Islamic Accounts of the Treatment of Prisoners

47. Accounts of the Third Crusade



V. Setting Out and Returning Home



48. Gerald of Wales on Preaching a Crusade

49. Privileges and Indulgences

50. Personal Arrangements

51. Liturgy for Pilgrims and Crusaders

52. Financial Accounts

53. Travel Information

54. Accounts of Crusader Homecomings

55. Thomas of Froidmont, The Adventures of Margaret of Beverly, a Woman Crusader

56. Crusading Songs



VI. The Age of Innocent III



57. Letters of Innocent III

58. Accounts of the Fourth Crusade

59. Documents on the Sack of Constantinople

60. Bernard of Gui's Manual for Inquisitors

61. William of Tudela's Song of the Cathar Wars

62. Accounts of the Children's Crusade

63. Decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council

64. Oliver of Paderborn on the Fifth Crusade



VII. Crusades of the Holy Roman Empire



65. Charter to German Settlers

66. Poem Describing Cistercian Settlement

67. Proclamations of Northern European Crusades

68. Helmold's Chronicle of the Slavs

69. The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia

70. The Rule of the Teutonic Knights

71. Nikolaus von Jeroschin on the Prussian Crusades

72. Philip of Novara on Frederick II's Crusade

73. Frederick II on His Taking of Jerusalem and Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi's Recording of the Event

74. Responses to Frederick II's Crusade



VIII. Conflict and Coexistence in Spain



75. Chronicle of the Cid

76. The Conquest of Lisbon

77. Alfonso VIII's Report on Las Navas de Tolosa

78. Muslim-Christian Treaty

79. Moorish Laws

80. Christian Laws

81. Constitutions of the Order of Merced

82. Expulsion of the Jews from Spain

83. Abu Abdilla Mohammed on the Expulsion of the Muslims



IX. Crusades at the Crossroads



84. Joinville's Life of St. Louis

85. Matthew Paris on the Shepherds' Crusade

86. Ibn Al-Athir on the Mongol Invasion

87. Ibn 'Abd al-Zahir's Biography of Baybars

88. Ludolph von Suchem on the Fall of Acre and Its Aftermath

89. Humbert of Romans on Criticisms of Crusading

90. Ramon Lull's Plan to Convert the Muslims

91. Order for the Arrest of the Templars and Papal Bull Suppressing the Templars

92. John Mandeville on Prester John

93. Letters between Pope Innocent IV and Guyuk Khan

94. Johann Schiltberger on the Nicopolis Crusade

95. Kritovoulos on the Fall of Constantinople

96. Pius II's Commentaries

97. Erasmus On the War against the Turks



X. Modern Perceptions of the Crusades



98. David Hume on the Crusades

99. Edward Gibbon's Evaluation of the Crusades

100. William Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Sonnets

101. Michaud, History of the Crusades

102. William Hillary's Call for a New Crusade

103. Sayyid 'Ali Hariri's Book of the Splendid Stories of the Crusades

104. World War I Political Cartoons

105. Sayyid Qutb's Social Justice in Islam and Muhammad Asad's Islam at the Crossroads

106. The Hamas Covenant

107. Pope John Paul II's Statements about Past Christian Actions

108. Crusading Rhetoric after 9/11

109. Modern Use of Images of Saladin

110. Umej Bhatia's Analysis of the Crusades and Modern Muslim Memory



Sources



Index of Topics

What People are Saying About This

David J. Hay

The Crusades: A Reader is an indispensable teaching resource. As in the previous edition, Allen and Amt present a sampling of crusading and anti-crusading literature and imagery that is well suited to undergraduate readers. The collection devotes attention not just to the external theaters of crusading, but to the internal as well, and strikes an appropriate balance between the promoters and the critics of the Crusades. The second edition's inclusion of excerpts from al-Sulami's The Book of the Jihad is particularly welcome, as is the section on modern perceptions of the Crusades, with thirteen new sources that carry the history and historiography of crusading into the twenty-first century. There is in my opinion no better short collection of crusading sources in English translation.

From the Publisher

This is a stellar collection, and there is nothing to equal it on the market. By bringing together primary sources written by various Christian, Muslim, and Jewish authors, this anthology elegantly conveys the diversity of experiences of the crusades (those of its participants and those of its victims), on all fronts. The questions for discussion that the authors provide are tailor-made for each source, and make teaching this complicated subject all the easier. This second edition is especially strong in the new coverage it provides for modern perceptions of the crusades. The editors are to be congratulated.

Jonathan Riley-Smith

The collection of translated sources in The Crusades: A Reader is one of the most comprehensive yet assembled. It covers the centuries from the late eleventh to the early sixteenth and includes texts illustrating actions in theaters of war that are often ignored, such as Spain, the Baltic region, and the interior of Western Europe. It is to be recommended as a very congenial and informative introduction to a large, complex, and historically important subject.

Paul M. Cobb

This is a stellar collection, and there is nothing to equal it on the market. By bringing together primary sources written by various Christian, Muslim, and Jewish authors, this anthology elegantly conveys the diversity of experiences of the crusades&emdash;those of its participants and those of its victims. The questions for discussion that the authors provide are tailor-made for each source, and make teaching this complicated subject all the easier. This second edition is especially strong in its new coverage of modern perceptions of the Crusades. The editors are to be congratulated.

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