In this groundbreaking book, leading Arab and Jewish intellectuals examine how and why the Holocaust and the Nakba are interlinked without blurring fundamental differences between them. While these two foundational tragedies are often discussed separately and in abstraction from the constitutive historical global contexts of nationalism and colonialism, The Holocaust and the Nakba explores the historical, political, and cultural intersections between them. The majority of the contributors argue that these intersections are embedded in cultural imaginations, colonial and asymmetrical power relations, realities, and structures. Focusing on them paves the way for a new political, historical, and moral grammar that enables a joint Arab-Jewish dwelling and supports historical reconciliation in Israel/Palestine.
This book does not seek to draw a parallel or comparison between the Holocaust and Nakba or to merely inaugurate a “dialogue” between them. Instead, it searches for a new historical and political grammar for relating and narrating their complicated intersections. The book features prominent international contributors, including a foreword by Lebanese novelist Elias Khoury on the centrality of the Holocaust and Nakba in the essential struggle of humanity against racism, and an afterword by literary scholar Jacqueline Rose on the challenges and contributions of the linkage between the Holocaust and Nakba for power to shift and a world of justice and equality to be created between the two peoples. The Holocaust and the Nakba is the first extended and collective scholarly treatment in English of these two constitutive traumas together.
About the Author
Bashir Bashir is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, Political Science, and Communication at the Open University of Israel and a senior research fellow at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute. He is coeditor of The Politics of Reconciliation in Multicultural Societies (2008).
Amos Goldberg is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Jewish History and Contemporary Jewry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His books include Trauma in First Person: Diary Writing During the Holocaust (2017).
Elias Khoury is a literary critic and novelist whose books include Gate of the Sun.
Jacqueline Rose is a professor of humanities at the Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities.
Bashir Bashir (PhD, Political Theory, London School of Economics) is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology, Political Science, and Communication at the Open University of Israel and a research fellow at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute. He is the coeditor (with Goldberg) of The Holocaust and the Nakba: Memory, National Identity and Arab-Jewish Partnership (Van Leer, 2015; in Hebrew) and (with Will Kymlicka) of The Politics of Reconciliation in Multicultural Societies (Oxford, 2008).
Amos Goldberg (PhD, History, Hebrew University) is Senior Lecturer in Holocaust studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is the author of (in Hebrew) Trauma in First Person: Diary Writing during the Holocaust (Ben Gurion University Press, 2012) and the coeditor (with Haim Hazan) of Marking Evil: Holocaust Memory in the Global Age (Bergahn, 2015).
Jacqueline Rose (PhD, Literature, University of London) is Professor of Humanities at the Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities. She is the author of many books, including The Haunting of Sylvia Plath (Virago, 2013), The Last Resistance (Verso, 2013), and The Question of Zion (Princeton, 2005).
Refqa Abu-Remaileh is currently an Alexander von Humboldt Postdoctoral Fellow affiliated with the Forum Transregionale Studien, Freie Universität Berlin, and Marburg University. She received her PhD in Oriental Studies and MSt in modern Middle Eastern Studies from the University of Oxford (2010, 2004) and her BA in English Literature from the University of British Columbia (2002). Her academic research revolves around the intersections between modern Arabic literature and film. For a number of years after completing her PhD, Abu-Remaileh worked with the Oxford Research Group (ORG) as Middle East Programme Manager and is now a consultant on the Palestine-Israel tracks.
Gil Anidjar(PhD, comparative literature, UC Berkeley) is professor (and chair) of religion, comparative literature, and Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African studies at Columbia University. His books include The Jew, The Arab: A History of the Enemy (Stanford, 2003), Semites: Race, Religion, Literature (Stanford, 2008), and, most recently, Blood: A Critique of Christianity (Columbia, 2014). His interests include political theology, monotheistic religions, and continental philosophy.
Omer Bartov is John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of European History, Professor of German Studies at Brown University. Born in Israel and educated at Tel Aviv University and St. Antony's College, Oxford, Omer Bartov's early research concerned the Nazi indoctrination of the Wehrmacht and the crimes it committed in World War II, analyzed in his books, The Eastern Front, 1941-1945, and Hitler's Army. He then turned to the links between total war and genocide, discussed in his books Murder in Our Midst, Mirrors of Destruction, and Germany's War and the Holocaust. Bartov's interest in representation also led to his study, The "Jew" in Cinema, which examines the recycling of antisemitic stereotypes in film. His last monograph, Erased, investigates interethnic relations in the borderlands of Eastern Europe. As a framework for this research, he led a multi-year collaborative project at the Watson Institute, culminating in the co-edited volume, Shatterzone of Empires. Bartov's new book, Anatomy of a Genocide: The Life and Death of a Town Called Buczacz, will be published by Simon and Schuster in January 2018.
Omri Ben-Yehuda is Minerva Postdoctoral Fellow at the Institute for German Philology at Freie Universität Berlin and the head of the research group Gaza: Towards the Landscape of an Israeli Hetrotopia at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute. His work focuses on Jewish literatures in German and Hebrew, Mizrahi Israeli literature and postcolonial studies. His postcolonial reading of Kafka's "A Hunger Artist" will be published in the next issue of Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte, his examination of Kafka and Agnon's dialogism will be published at Kafka after Kafka (forthcoming, Camden House Publishing) and his cultural reading of Kafka and Buster Keaton's filmography was published in Mediamorphosis: Kafka and the Moving Image. He also published extensively on Mizrahi literature, S.Y. Agnon and Ch.N. Bialik. His book The Speech Act of Kafka and Agnon will appear in 2018 in Mossad Bialik Publishing House.
Tal Ben-Zvi is a curator and scholar of contemporary art. For the past 15 years, she has worked as curator and scholar of Israeli and Palestinian art. In her work as curator of the Heinrich Böll Foundation Gallery, Tel Aviv and Hagar Art Gallery, Jaffa, she has generated and promoted a unique, pathbreaking discourse on the work of Palestinian artists, graduates of art schools in Israel. She received the Ministry of Culture Prize for Curatorship and Design in 2008. She was the Vice President for Academic Affairs at Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design, Jerusalem (2013-2015). Prior to her work at Bezalel Academy, Dr. Ben-Zvi served (among other things) as Head of the School of Arts at Kibbutzim College of Education, Tel Aviv (2009-2012) and as Postdoctoral Fellow at the Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (2010-2011). She received her Ph.D. from Tel Aviv University in 2010; her dissertation is titled “Representations of the Nakba in the Palestinian Art of the 1970s and 1980s, as Reflected in the Work of Artists Belonging to the Palestinian Minority in Israel.” Dr. Ben-Zvi is currently engaged in interdisciplinary research on multiculturalism in contemporary Israeli art.
Alon Confino is a Professor of History at the Department of History at the University of UMass Amherst and Director of the Institute for Holocaust, Genocide, and Memory Studies. The focus of his work revolves around areas of research and theory where the historical method meets ethnography, literature, anthropology, and cultural studies. In his writings over the years, he has sought to craft narratives weaving together story telling with critical analysis. He is the author of The Nation As a Local Metaphor: Württemberg, Imperial Germany, and National Memory, 1871-1918 (1997); Germany As a Culture of Remembrance: Promises and Limits of Writing History (2006); Foundational Pasts: The Holocaust As Historical Understanding (Cambridge University Press, New York, 2012);, and A World Without Jews: The Nazi Imagination from Persecution to Genocide (Yale University Press, 2014), which won a 2011 Guggenheim Fellowship. His current research focuses on forced migrations in the 1940s in Central and Eastern Europe, India/Pakistan, and Palestine/Israel, focusing on issues of local history, memory, and human rights.
Yochi Fischer is an historian. She is the director of the Advanced Studies unit at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute and a senior research fellow. She taught history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and her research interests include History and memory in the Israeli society, and religion and secularization in historical and comparative perspectives. Her Publications include: "The concepts of “Religion” and “Secularism” in the Hebrew language and their manifestations in L.Hölscher and M.Eggert (eds.), Transformation and Transfers of Religious Discourses in Religion and Secularity, Leiden: Brill 2013; G.Motzkin and Y.Fischer (eds.), Religion and Democracy in Contemporary Europe: Alliance, London, 2008; Y. Fischer, Secularization and Secularity: Interdisciplinary Perspectives: Hakibuz Hameochad 2015 (in Hebrew); "The Original Bundlers: Boaz and Ruth, and Seventeenth Century English Practices", In Journal of Social History, Spring, 2002.
Honaida Ghanim is a Palestinian Sociologist. She published various articles and studies in the fields of political and cultural sociology and gender studies. Her book Reinventing the Nation: Palestinian intellectuals and persons of pen in Israel 1948-2000 (Heb) was published by the Hebrew University in 2009. She was the editor of On recognition of the Jewish state (Eng), published by the Palestinian Forum for Israeli Studies. Dr. Ghanim was awarded her PhD in 2004 from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem with distinction (Suma Cum Laude), and she was a lecturer in different universities in Palestine.
Hannan Hever is the Jacob and Hilda Blaustein Professor of Hebrew Language and Literature at Yale University and a Senior Fellow at the Jerusalem Van Leer Institute. He is teaching at Yale in Comparative Literature Department and affiliated with the Program of Judaic Studies. He has published extensively about Modern Hebrew Literature and Culture and Theory of Literature and Culture from political, post-national and post-colonial perspectives. He taught at the Hebrew University, Tel Aviv University, Northwestern University, Ann Arbor University and Columbia University. Among his books are Suddenly the Sight of War: Nationalism and Violence in the Hebrew Poetry of the 1940s (2001, Heb. And forthcoming by Stanford UP), Producing the Modern Hebrew Canon, Nation Building and Minority Discourse (2002), Beautiful Motherland of Death: Aesthetics and Politics in U. Z. Greenberg’s Poetry (2004, Heb.), They Shall Dwell at the Haven of the Sea: The Sea in Modern Hebrew Culture (2007, Heb.), With the Power of God, Political Theology in Modern Hebrew Literature (2014, Heb.), Nativism, Zionism and Beyond: three Essays on Nativist Hebrew Poetry (2014, Heb. 2008). To Inherit the Land, To Conquer the Space: The Birth of Hebrew Poetry in Eretz Yisrael (2015, Heb.)
Mustafa Kabha is a professor of history at the Open University of Israel and the Director of the Centre for the Study of Relations between Jews, Christians and Muslims (JCMcenter) at the Open University. His research interests include: Middle Eastern history in the New Era; the History of the Palestinian National Movement; the History of Arab Mass Communications. He is the author of several books including: Writing up The Storm- The Palestinian Press Shaping Public Opinion. Vallentine Mitchell Academic, London, 2007.
Nadim Khoury is a postdoctoral fellow at the department of Philosophy at UiT-The Arctic University of Norway and Professor II in Peace and Conflict Studies at Bjørknes University College in Oslo. He received his PhD from the University of Virginia in 2012. Between 2012 and 2014, he was assistant professor of political studies at Al-Quds Bard College in Palestine.
Mark Levene is Reader in Comparative History at the University of Southampton and in the Parkes Centre for Jewish/non-Jewish relations. His writing ranges across genocide, Jewish history and environmental and peace issues especially focusing on anthropogenic climate change. His most recent work includes the two volume The Crisis of Genocide: The European Rimlands, 1912-1953 (Oxford, 2013) for which he won the 2015 Lemkin award from the Institute for the Study of Genocide, New York, and with Rob Johnson and Penny Roberts (eds.), History at the end of the world? History, climate change and the possibility of closure (Penrith, 2010). He is co-founder of Crisis Forum http://www.crisis-forum.org.uk and founder of the Rescue! History http://www.rescue-history.org.uk/, independent academic networks.
Amnon Raz-Krakotzkin teaches in the Department of Jewish History at Ben-Gurion University and the head of the section of Jewish Culture and Thinking at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute. Among his publications: THe Censor, the Editor and the Text (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007) and Exil et Souverainete (Paris: La fabrique, 2007).
Yehouda Shenhav (Ph.D Stanford University 1985) is a Professor of Sociology & Anthropology at Tel-Aviv University; and member of the scientific council of the center for advanced studies at Nantes (Membre du Conseil Scientifique de l'Institute d'études avancées de Nantes). His main areas of research are social theory, sociology of knowledge, management and bureaucracies, ethnicity, race and the political sociology of sovereignty. He has published 15 books and numerous articles on these subjects. Professor Shenhav is devoting an extensive amount of time to translations from Arabic to Hebrew and English.
Raef Zreik is a lecturer at the Carmel Academic Center in Haifa and a fellow at the Minerva Center for the Humanities, Tel Aviv University. He is a graduate of The Hebrew University (LL.B., 1988; LL.M. Magna Cum Laude, 1997), Columbia Law School (LL.M., 2001) and Harvard Law School (S.J.D., 2007). Zreik taught as a visiting professor at Georgetown Law School. He also taught at Haifa University and Tel Aviv University law schools and was a researcher at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute. His research and teaching address questions related to legal and political theory, as well as citizenship and identity issues. He has published broadly in these areas, with work appearing in edited collections and in legal and interdisciplinary journals. His publications include: "Rights, Respect and the Political: Notes from a Conflict Zone" in Living Together: Jacques Derrida's Communities of Peace and Violence (edited by Elisabeth Weber and Thomas Carlson, forthcoming); "When Winners Lose: On Legal Language" in International Review of Victimology (forthcoming 2009); "Notes on the value of theory" in t he Journal of Law and Ethics of Human Rights (2007), "The Persistence of the Exception: Remarks on the Story of Israel Constitutionalism" in Thinking Palestine (edited by Ronit Lentin, 2007), "Palestine, Apartheid and Rights Discourse" in Journal of Palestine Studies (2004) and "Palestine as Exile" in Global Jurists (2003).
Table of Contents
Foreword: Elias Khoury
Introduction: The Holocaust and the Nakba: A New Syntax of History, Memory, and Political Thought, by Bashir Bashir and Amos Goldberg
Part I. The Holocaust and the Nakba: Enabling Conditions to a New Historical and Political Syntax
1. Harbingers of Jewish and Palestinian Disasters: European Nation-State Building and Its Toxic Legacies, 1912–1948, by Mark Levene
2. Muslims (Shoah, Nakba), by Gil Anidjar
3. Benjamin, the Holocaust, and the Question of Palestine, by Amnon Raz-Krakotzkin
4. When Yaffa Met (J)Yaffa: Intersections Between the Holocaust and the Nakba in the Shadow of Zionism, by Honaida Ghanim
5. Holocaust/Nakba and the Counterpublic of Memory, by Nadim Khoury
Part II. The Holocaust and the Nakba: History and Counterhistory
6. When Genya and Henryk Kowalski Challenged History–Jaffa, 1949: Between the Holocaust and the Nakba, by Alon Confino
7. A Bold Voice Raised Above the Raging Waves: Palestinian Intellectual Najati Sidqi and His Battle with Nazi Doctrine at the Time of World War II, by Mustafa Kabha
8. What Does Exile Look Like? Transformations in the Linkage Between the Shoah and the Nakba, by Yochi Fischer
9. National Narratives of Suffering and Victimhood: Methods and Ethics of Telling the Past as Personal Political History, by Omer Bartov
Part III. The Holocaust and the Nakba: The Deployment of Traumatic Signifiers
10. Culture of Memory: The Holocaust and the Nakba Images in the Works of Lea Grundig and Abed Abdi, by Tal Ben-Zvi
11. Ma’abara: Mizraḥim Between Shoah and Nakba, by Omri Ben-Yehuda
12. From Revenge to Empathy: Abba Kovner from Jewish Destruction to Palestinian Destruction, by Hannan Hever
Part IV. On Elias Khoury’s Children of the Ghetto: My Name Is Adam: Narrating the Nakba with the Holocaust
13. Novel as Contrapuntal Reading: Elias Khoury’s Children of the Ghetto: My Name is Adam, by Refqa Abu-Remaileh
14. Writing Silence: Reading Khoury’s Novel Children of the Ghetto: My Name is Adam, by Raef Zreik
15. Silence on a Sizzling Tin Roof: A Translator’s Point of View on Children of the Ghetto, by Yehouda Shenhav
Afterword: The Holocaust and the Nakba, by Jacqueline Rose