Revolution, reform, and resilience comprise the respective fortunes of modern Iran, Turkey, and Egypt. Although the countries all experienced coups with remarkably similar ambitions, each followed a very different trajectory. Iran became an absolutist monarchy that was overthrown from below, Turkey evolved into a limited democracy, and Egypt turned into a police state.
In The Power Triangle, Hazem Kandil attributes the different outcomes to the power struggle between the political, military, and security institutions. Coups establish a division of labor, with one group of officers running government, another overseeing the military, and a third handling security. But their interests begin to vary as each group identifies with its own institution. Politicians wish to rule indefinitely; military officers prefer to return to barracks after implementing the needed reforms; and security men scramble to maintain the privileges they acquired in the post-coup emergency. Driven by conflicting agendas, these partners in domination struggle over regime control. Using comparative historical sociology, Kandil demonstrates how regimes are constantly shaped and reshaped through the recurrent clashes and shifting alliances between the team of rivals in this "power triangle."
The Power Triangle's realist approach to regime change shows that a clear explanation of pivotal events in Iran, Turkey, and Egypt is impossible without a firm grasp of the power relations within each country's ruling bloc.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.50(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.50(d)|
About the Author
Hazem Kandil is the Cambridge University Lecturer in Political Sociology and Fellow of St Catharine's College. He studies power relations in revolution and war in the Middle East, Western Europe, and North America.
Table of Contents
Introduction: From Revolution to Regime Change
PART I - IRAN: ROYALISM AND REVOLUTION
Chapter 1. A One Man Coup: February 1921
Chapter 2. A Coup de Théâtre: August 1953
Chapter 3. The Road to Persepolis and Back: August 1953-January 1978
Chapter 4. The Coup that Never Was: January 1979
Chapter 5. Check and Balances: The Realist Version: February 1979 and After
PART II - TURKEY: THE LIMITS OF MILITARY GUARDIANSHIP
Chapter 6. The Founding Coup: March 1924
Chapter 7. The Corrective Coup: May 1960
Chapter 8. The Communiqué Coup: March 1971
Chapter 9. The Passive Revolution: September 1980
Chapter 10. The White Coup: June 1997
Chapter 11. Aborted Coups? November 2002 and After
PART III - EGYPT: THE POLITICS OF REPRESSION
Chapter 12. Militarism and its Discontents: March 1954
Chapter 13. Blood, Folly, and Sandcastles: June 1967
Chapter 14. Becoming a Police States: October 1973
Chapter 15. The Long Road to a Short Revolution: October 1981-January 2011
Chapter 16. The Resilience of Repression: January 2011 and After
Conclusion: Revolution, Reform, and Resilience