The Progressive Revolution in Politics and Political Science: Transforming the American Regime

The Progressive Revolution in Politics and Political Science: Transforming the American Regime

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Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

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The Progressive Revolution in Politics and Political Science: Transforming the American Regime

We cannot understand our current political situation and the scholarship used to comprehend our politics without taking full account of the Progressive revolution of a century ago. This fundamental shift in studying the political world relegated the theory and practice of the Founders to an antiquated historical phase. By contrast, our contributors see beyond the horizon of Progressivism to take account of the Founders' moral and political premises. By doing so they make clear the broader context of current political science disputes, a fitting subject as American professional political science enters its second century. The contributors to the volume specify the changes in the new world that Progressivism brought into being. Part I emphasizes the contrast between various Progressives and their doctrines, and the American Founding on political institutions including the presidency, political parties, and the courts; statesmen include Frederick Douglass, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and John Marshall. Part II emphasizes the radical nature of Progressivism in a variety of areas critical to the American constitutional government and self-understanding of the American mind. Subjects covered include social science, property rights, Darwinism, free speech, and political science as a liberal art. The essays provide intellectual guidance to political scientists and indicate to political practitioners the peculiar perspectives embedded in current political science. Published in cooperation with The Claremont Institute.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780742549746
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 06/30/2005
Series: Claremont Institute Series on Statesmanship and Political Philosophy Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 388
Product dimensions: 6.60(w) x 8.94(h) x 0.85(d)

Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction Part 2 Part I: The Progressive Critique of Constitutionalism Chapter 3 Progressivism and the Transformation of American Government Chapter 4 Theodore Roosevelt on Self-Government and the Administrative State Chapter 5 Frederick Douglass' Natural Rights Constitutionalism: The Postwar, Pre-Progressive Period Chapter 6 Regimes and Revolutions: Madison and Wilson on Parties in America Chapter 7 Montesquieu, the Founders, and Woodrow Wilson: The Evolution of Rights and the Eclipse of Constitutionalism Chapter 8 Marbury v. Madison and the Progressive Transformation of Judicial Power Part 9 Part II: The Progressive Persuasion in Practice and Theory Chapter 10 Progressivism, Modern Political Science, and the Transformation of American Constitutionalism Chapter 11 Darwin's Public Policy: Nineteenth Century Science and the Rise of the American Welfare State Chapter 12 Zoning and Progressive Political Theory Chapter 13 Campaign Finance Reform: The Progressive Reconstruction of Free Speech Chapter 14 Aimless Theorizing: The Progressive Legacy for Political Science Part 15 About the Editors and Contributors

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This volume comprises eleven essays by academic political scientists assessing the effect of the Progressive movement on their discipline and field of study. The essays are all, or virtually all, expanded versions of papers presented during the centenary convention of the American Political Science Association in late 2003. There are two sections of five essays each: the first dealing with the Progressive attack on the founding principles of the American regime and the second dealing with the effect of Progressive ¿reforms¿ in practice. The central, and by far the longest, essay, by Edward Erler, concerns the Progressive transformation of American constitutional law, and that essay acts as a kind of hinge connecting the two main sections of the book. Probably the most important essays are the keynote essays of each section, written by Thomas West and John Marini, respectively. West, whose published writings include both esoteric commentaries on ancient political philosophy and also sharp contemporary political analysis, finds the roots of the Progressive revolution in the philosophy of Rousseau and Hegel, which is antithetical to the natural rights tradition at the heart of American constitutional government. Marini, perhaps the most astute observer of the transformation of the American political system wrought by the Progressives, concentrates on the Progressives¿ substitution of the administrative state for the politics of self-government. Each of the eleven essays is worthy of note in its own right, and all are redolent of serious research and profound reflection. Because the unifying theme of the volume is a critique of the Progressive ¿revolution¿ in political science, particular mention should probably be made of Larry Peterman¿s concluding essay, which leads the reader back beyond even the political science that informed the American founding, to the founding of political science itself, by Aristotle. This volume, described by its publisher as a ¿counterrevolutionary work,¿ must be regarded as indispensable reading for anyone who would understand the transformation of the American regime and as the starting point for recovery of an older (and better) political science. One last note: the careful reader is cautioned not to overlook the endnotes.